BP: Basis Pursuit

Description Usage Arguments Value Iteration History Examples

Description

For an underdetermined system, Basis Pursuit aims to find a sparse solution that solves

\textrm{min}_x ~ \|x\|_1 \quad \textrm{s.t} \quad Ax=b

which is a relaxed version of strict non-zero support finding problem. The implementation is borrowed from Stephen Boyd's MATLAB code.

Usage

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admm.bp(A, b, xinit = NA, rho = 1, alpha = 1, abstol = 1e-04,
  reltol = 0.01, maxiter = 1000)

Arguments

A

an (m \times n) regressor matrix

b

a length-m response vector

xinit

a length-n vector for initial value

rho

an augmented Lagrangian parameter

alpha

an overrelaxation parameter in [1,2]

abstol

absolute tolerance stopping criterion

reltol

relative tolerance stopping criterion

maxiter

maximum number of iterations

Value

a named list containing

x

a length-n solution vector

history

dataframe recording iteration numerics. See the section for more details.

Iteration History

When you run the algorithm, output returns not only the solution, but also the iteration history recording following fields over iterates,

objval

object (cost) function value

r_norm

norm of primal residual

s_norm

norm of dual residual

eps_pri

feasibility tolerance for primal feasibility condition

eps_dual

feasibility tolerance for dual feasibility condition

In accordance with the paper, iteration stops when both r_norm and s_norm values become smaller than eps_pri and eps_dual, respectively.

Examples

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## generate sample data
n = 30;
m = 10;
A = matrix(rnorm(n*m), nrow=m);

x = matrix(rep(0,n))
x[c(3,6,21),] = rnorm(3)
b = A%*%x

## run example
output = admm.bp(A, b)

## report convergence plot
niter  = length(output$history$s_norm)
par(mfrow=c(1,3))
plot(1:niter, output$history$objval, "b", main="cost function")
plot(1:niter, output$history$r_norm, "b", main="primal residual")
plot(1:niter, output$history$s_norm, "b", main="dual residual")

ADMM documentation built on May 29, 2018, 5:04 p.m.

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