Compute the exponential of a matrix.
1  expm(x)

x 
a matrix, typically inheriting from the

The exponential of a matrix is defined as the infinite Taylor
series expm(A) = I + A + A^2/2! + A^3/3! + ...
(although this is
definitely not the way to compute it). The method for the
dgeMatrix
class uses Ward's diagonal Pade' approximation with
three step preconditioning.
The matrix exponential of x
.
The expm package contains newer (partly faster and more
accurate) algorithms for expm()
and includes
logm
and sqrtm
.
This is a translation of the implementation of the corresponding Octave function contributed to the Octave project by A. Scottedward Hodel A.S.Hodel@Eng.Auburn.EDU. A bug in there has been fixed by Martin Maechler.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matrix_exponential
Cleve Moler and Charles Van Loan (2003) Nineteen dubious ways to compute the exponential of a matrix, twentyfive years later. SIAM Review 45, 1, 3–49.
Eric W. Weisstein et al. (1999) Matrix Exponential. From MathWorld, http://mathworld.wolfram.com/MatrixExponential.html
Schur
; additionally,
expm
, logm
, etc in package expm.
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