R/compare.i.R

compare.i <-
function(x, y, selec.i, method.i, timemax.i, alpha, min.dis, max.xlev, varname, Q1, Q3, groups, 
         simplify, Xext, ref, fact.ratio, ref.y, p.corrected, compute.ratio, include.miss, oddsratio.method, 
         chisq.test.perm, byrow, chisq.test.B, chisq.test.seed, Date.format, var.equal, conf.level) {

  x.orig <- x
  y.orig <- y
  
  if (!inherits(x,"Surv") && !is.factor(x) && !is.na(method.i) && method.i==3){
    if (inherits(x, "Date") || inherits(x, "dates"))
      x <- as.factor(chron(as.numeric(x), out.format=Date.format))
    else
      x <- as.factor(x)
  }

  if (!inherits(x,"Surv") && !is.factor(x) && is.na(method.i) && length(unique(x))<min.dis){
    warning(paste("variable '",varname,"' converted to factor since few different values contained",sep=""))
    if (inherits(x, "Date") || inherits(x, "dates"))
      x <- as.factor(chron(as.numeric(x), out.format=Date.format))
    else
      x <- as.factor(x)
  }    
  
  if (is.factor(x) && include.miss){
    x <- addNA(x)
    levels(x)[nlevels(x)] <- "'Missing'"
  }

  xlong <- x  
  ylong <- y

  if (!is.na(selec.i)){
    select.eval<-try(eval(parse(text=paste("with(Xext,",selec.i,")",sep=""))),silent=TRUE)
    if (inherits(select.eval,"try-error"))
      select.eval<-eval(parse(text=selec.i),envir=.GlobalEnv)  
    x <- x[select.eval]
    xlong[!select.eval] <- NA
    xlong[is.na(select.eval)] <- NA  
    if (!is.null(y)){
      y <- y[select.eval]
      ylong[!select.eval] <- NA
      ylong[is.na(select.eval)] <- NA
    }
  }

  if (inherits(ylong,"Surv")) 
    ylong<-ylong[,2]
  if (inherits(xlong,"Surv"))
    xlong<-ifelse(is.na(xlong[,1]) | is.na(xlong[,2]), NA, xlong[,2])
  
  keep <- !is.na(x) & !is.na(y)

  x <- x[keep]
  y <- y[keep]
  
  if (inherits(y,"Surv")){
    ny <- 2
    gy <- factor(y[,2],levels=c(0,1),labels=c("No event","Event"))
  } else {
    ny<-length(levels(y))
  }

  if (!inherits(x,"Surv") && is.character(x))
    x <- as.factor(x)

  if (!inherits(x,"Surv") && is.factor(x) & simplify){
    if (any(table(x)==0)){
      warning(paste("Some levels of '",varname,"' are removed since no observation in that/those levels",sep=""))
      x <- factor(x)
    }
  }

  if (inherits(x,"Surv")){
    if (NROW(x)>0 & is.na(timemax.i))
      timemax.i<-median(x[,1],na.rm=TRUE)
  }

  if (inherits(x,"Surv")){
    if (NROW(x)>0 && all(x[,2]==0)){
      stop(paste("No observed events in ",varname))
    }
  }

  if (!inherits(x,"Surv") && (!is.factor(x) & is.na(method.i) & length(unique(x))<min.dis)){
    warning(paste("variable '",varname,"' converted to factor since few different values contained after possible subseting and NA removed",sep=""))
    x <- as.factor(x)
  }
  
  if (inherits(x,"factor"))
    if (""%in%levels(x))
      levels(x)[levels(x)==""]<-" "

  if (!inherits(x,"Surv") && (!is.factor(x) & is.na(method.i))){
    sh <- try(shapiro.test(x),silent=TRUE)         
    if (inherits(sh,"try-error"))
      method.i <- 2
    else       
      method.i <- ifelse(sh$p.value>alpha,1,2)
  }
  
  if (inherits(x,"Surv") & inherits(y,"Surv"))
    stop(paste("variable '",varname,"' not analysed since both response and row-variable are of class 'Surv'",sep=""))

  if (!inherits(x,"Surv") && (is.factor(x) & length(levels(x))>max.xlev))
    stop(paste("too many values for variable '",varname,"'",sep=""))

  ## no data
  if (NROW(x)==0){
    sam<-rep(0,ny+1)
    names(sam)<-c("[ALL]",levels(y))
    nn<-matrix(NaN,ncol=1,nrow=ny+1)
    colnames(nn)<-"No data"
    if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
      rownames(nn)<-c("[ALL]",levels(gy))
    else
      rownames(nn)<-c("[ALL]",levels(y))
    if (ny<=2){
      p.mul<-rep(NaN,max(c(choose(ny,2),1)))
      if (ny==2){
        if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
          names(p.mul) <- paste("p.","No event"," vs ","Event",sep="")
        else
          names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[2],sep="")
      } else
        names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[1],sep="") 
    }else{
      p.mul <- rep(NaN, choose(ny,2))
      names(p.mul) <- paste("p",apply(combn2(levels(y)),2,paste,collapse="-"),sep=".")
    }
    ans<-list(descriptive=nn, sam=sam, p.overall=NaN, p.trend=NaN, p.mul=p.mul)
    attr(ans, "method") <- "no-data" 
    
  ## some data  
  } else {
    
    ## x - factor
    if (is.factor(x)) {
      if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
        tt <- table(gy,x)
      else
        tt <- table(y,x) 
      nn <- rbind(table(x), tt)
      # prop <- rbind(prop.table(table(x)),prop.table(tt,margin=if (byrow) 2 else 1))
      prop <- rbind(prop.table(table(x)),prop.table(tt,margin=if(is.na(byrow)) NULL else as.integer(byrow)+1))
      
      upper <- lower <- matrix(NA, nrow(prop), ncol(prop))
      for (i in 1:nrow(prop)){
        for (j in 1:ncol(prop)){
          if (is.na(byrow)) 
            n.ij <- sum(nn[-1,])
          else
            if (byrow) 
              n.ij <- sum(nn[-1,j,drop=FALSE])
            else
              n.ij <- sum(nn[i,])
          bt.ci <- binom.test(nn[i,j], n.ij, conf.level = conf.level)$conf.int
          lower[i,j] <- bt.ci[1]*100
          upper[i,j] <- bt.ci[2]*100
        }
      }

      colnames(prop)<-paste(colnames(prop),"%",sep="")
      rownames(nn)[1]<-rownames(prop)[1]<-"[ALL]"
      colnames(lower)<-colnames(upper)<-colnames(prop)
      rownames(lower)<-rownames(upper)<-rownames(prop)
      prop<-prop*100
      if (groups){
        if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
          p.overall <- try(logrank.pval(x,y),silent=TRUE)
        else
          p.overall <- try(chisq.test2(t(tt), chisq.test.perm, chisq.test.B, chisq.test.seed),silent=TRUE)
        if (inherits(p.overall,"try-error"))
          p.overall<-NaN
      } else
        p.overall <- NaN
      if (ny<=2){
        p.trend <- p.overall
        p.mul <- p.overall
        if (ny==2){
          if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
            names(p.mul) <- paste("p.","No event"," vs ","Event",sep="")
          else
            names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[2],sep="")
        } else
          names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[1],sep="") 
      } else {
        p.trend <- try(1-pchisq(cor(as.integer(x),as.integer(y))^2*(length(x)-1),1),silent=TRUE)
        if (inherits(p.trend,"try-error"))
          p.trend <- NaN      
        if (is.na(p.trend))
          p.trend <- NaN                             
        pp<-np<-NULL
        for (i in 1:(ny-1))
          for (j in (i+1):ny) {
            np<-c(np,paste(levels(y)[i],levels(y)[j],sep=" vs "))
            p.ij<-try(chisq.test2(t(tt[c(i,j),]), chisq.test.perm, chisq.test.B, chisq.test.seed),silent=TRUE)
            if (inherits(p.ij,"try-error"))
              p.ij<-NaN
            pp<-c(pp,p.ij)
          }    
        if (p.corrected)
          p.mul <- structure(p.adjust(pp,"BH"),names=paste("p",np,sep="."))
        else
          p.mul <- structure(pp,names=paste("p",np,sep="."))
      }
      ans<-list(descriptive=nn, prop=prop, sam=rowSums(nn), p.overall=p.overall, p.trend=p.trend, p.mul=p.mul, lower=lower, upper=upper)
      attr(ans, "method") <- "categorical" 
    } else { ## x - not a factor
      
      ## x - survival
      if (inherits(x,"Surv")){

        tt<-descripSurv(x, y, timemax.i)
        p.overall<-try(logrank.pval(y,x),silent=TRUE)
        if (inherits(p.overall,"try-error"))
          p.overall <- NaN        
        if (ny<=2){
          p.trend <- p.overall
          p.mul <- p.overall
          if (ny==2){
            names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[2],sep="")
          } else
            names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[1],sep="")       
        } else {
          p.trend<-try(summary(coxph(x~as.integer(y)))$sctest["pvalue"],silent=TRUE)
          if (inherits(p.trend,"try-error"))
            p.trend <- NaN        
          if (is.na(p.trend))
            p.trend <- NaN
          pp<-np<-NULL
          for (i in 1:(ny-1)){
            for (j in (i+1):ny) {
              np<-c(np,paste(levels(y)[i],levels(y)[j],sep=" vs "))
              ss.ij<-y%in%c(levels(y)[i],levels(y)[j])
              p.ij<-try(logrank.pval(y[ss.ij],x[ss.ij]),silent=TRUE)
              if (inherits(p.ij,"try-error"))
                p.ij<-NaN            
            pp<-c(pp,p.ij)
            }
          }
          if (p.corrected)
            p.mul <- structure(p.adjust(pp,"BH"),names=paste("p",np,sep="."))
          else 
            p.mul <- structure(pp,names=paste("p",np,sep="."))
        }
        ans<-list(descriptive=tt[,-1,drop=FALSE], sam=tt[,1], p.overall=p.overall, p.trend=p.trend, p.mul=p.mul)
        attr(ans, "method") <- c("Surv",timemax.i) 
        
        
        
      } else {
        
        ## x - date (only method=2 is applied)
        if (inherits(x, "Date") || inherits(x, "dates")){
          
          if (method.i!=2)
            warning(paste("for variable",varname,"method 2 is applied since it is a date."))
          
          x <- as.numeric(x)
          
          if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
            tt <- descrip(x, gy, method="no", Q1, Q3, conf.level)
          else
            tt <- descrip(x, y, method="no", Q1, Q3, conf.level)   

          if (groups){
            if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
              p.overall<-try(coef(summary(coxph(y~as.numeric(x))))[,'Pr(>|z|)'],silent=TRUE) 
            else  
              p.overall<-try(kruskal.test(x~y)$p.value,silent=TRUE)
            if (inherits(p.overall,"try-error"))
              p.overall<-NaN
          } else
            p.overall<-NaN
          if (ny<=2){
            p.trend <- p.overall
            p.mul <- p.overall
            if (ny==2){
              if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
                names(p.mul) <- paste("p.","No event"," vs ","Event",sep="")
              else
                names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[2],sep="")
            } else
              names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[1],sep="")       
          } else {
            p.trend<-try(cor.test(x,as.integer(y),method="spearman")$p.value,silent=TRUE)
            if (inherits(p.trend,"try-error"))
              p.trend <- NaN        
            if (is.na(p.trend))
              p.trend <- NaN
            pp<-np<-NULL
            for (i in 1:(ny-1)){
              for (j in (i+1):ny) {
                np<-c(np,paste(levels(y)[i],levels(y)[j],sep=" vs "))
                p.ij<-try(kruskal.test(x~y,subset=y%in%c(levels(y)[i],levels(y)[j]))$p.value,silent=TRUE)
                if (inherits(p.ij,"try-error"))
                  p.ij<-NaN            
              pp<-c(pp,p.ij)
              }
            }
            if (p.corrected)
              p.mul <- structure(p.adjust(pp,"BH"),names=paste("p",np,sep="."))
            else
              p.mul <- structure(pp,names=paste("p",np,sep="."))
          }
          ans<-list(descriptive=as.character(chron(round(tt[,-1],0), out.format=Date.format)), 
                    sam=tt[,1], p.overall=p.overall, p.trend=p.trend, p.mul=p.mul)
          attr(ans, "method") <- c("continuous", "non-normal")

        } else {
          
          ## x- numeric          
          x <- as.double(x)
            # x- normal
          if (method.i == 1){
            if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
              tt <- descrip(x, gy, method="param", Q1, Q3, conf.level)
            else
              tt <- descrip(x, y, method="param", Q1, Q3, conf.level)
            if (ny<=2) {
              if (groups){
                if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
                  p.overall<-try(coef(summary(coxph(y~x)))[,'Pr(>|z|)'],silent=TRUE)  
                else  
                  p.overall<-try(t.test(x~y)$p.value,silent=TRUE)
                if (inherits(p.overall,"try-error"))
                  p.overall<-NaN
              } else
                p.overall<-NaN
              p.trend<-p.overall
              p.mul<-p.trend
              if (ny==2){
                if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
                  names(p.mul) <- paste("p.","No event"," vs ","Event",sep="")
                else
                  names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[2],sep="")
              } else
                names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[1],sep="")        
            } else {
              if (var.equal)
                p.overall<-try(anova(lm(x~y),lm(x~1))[2,"Pr(>F)"],silent=TRUE)
              else
                p.overall<-try(oneway.test(x~y)$p.value, silent=TRUE)
              if (inherits(p.overall,"try-error"))
                p.overall<-NaN
              p.trend<-try(cor.test(x,as.integer(y))$p.value,silent=TRUE)
              if (inherits(p.trend,"try-error"))
                p.trend<-NaN 
              if (is.na(p.trend))
                p.trend <- NaN
              if (p.corrected){
                temp<-try(TukeyHSD(aov(x~y)),silent=TRUE)
                p.mul <- rep(NaN, choose(ny,2))
                names(p.mul)<-apply(combn2(levels(y)),2,function(nnn) paste(rev(nnn),collapse="-"))
                if (!inherits(temp,"try-error")){
                  p.mul[rownames(temp$y)]<-temp[[1]][,4]
                }        
                names(p.mul) <- paste("p",apply(combn2(levels(y)),2,function(nnn) paste(nnn,collapse=" vs ")),sep=".") 
              } else {
                pp<-np<-NULL  
                for (i in 1:(ny-1)){
                  for (j in (i+1):ny) {
                    np<-c(np,paste(levels(y)[i],levels(y)[j],sep=" vs "))
                    ss.ij<-y%in%c(levels(y)[i],levels(y)[j])
                    p.ij<-try(t.test(x[ss.ij]~y[ss.ij])$p.value,silent=TRUE)
                    if (inherits(p.ij,"try-error"))
                      p.ij<-NaN            
                  pp<-c(pp,p.ij)
                  }
                }
                p.mul <- structure(pp,names=paste("p",np,sep="."))
              }
            }
            ans<-list(descriptive=tt[,-1], sam=tt[,1], p.overall=p.overall, p.trend=p.trend, p.mul=p.mul)
            attr(ans, "method") <- c("continuous", "normal") 
            # x- no normal
          } else { 
            if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
              tt <- descrip(x, gy, method="no", Q1, Q3, conf.level)
            else
              tt <- descrip(x, y, method="no", Q1, Q3, conf.level)        
            if (groups){
              if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
                p.overall<-try(coef(summary(coxph(y~x)))[,'Pr(>|z|)'],silent=TRUE) 
              else  
                p.overall<-try(kruskal.test(x~y)$p.value,silent=TRUE)
              if (inherits(p.overall,"try-error"))
                p.overall<-NaN
            } else
              p.overall<-NaN
            if (ny<=2){
              p.trend <- p.overall
              p.mul <- p.overall
              if (ny==2){
                if (inherits(y,"Surv"))
                  names(p.mul) <- paste("p.","No event"," vs ","Event",sep="")
                else
                  names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[2],sep="")
              } else
                names(p.mul) <- paste("p.",levels(y)[1]," vs ",levels(y)[1],sep="")       
            } else {
              p.trend<-try(cor.test(x,as.integer(y),method="spearman")$p.value,silent=TRUE)
              if (inherits(p.trend,"try-error"))
                p.trend <- NaN        
              if (is.na(p.trend))
                p.trend <- NaN
              pp<-np<-NULL
              for (i in 1:(ny-1)){
                for (j in (i+1):ny) {
                  np<-c(np,paste(levels(y)[i],levels(y)[j],sep=" vs "))
                  p.ij<-try(kruskal.test(x~y,subset=y%in%c(levels(y)[i],levels(y)[j]))$p.value,silent=TRUE)
                  if (inherits(p.ij,"try-error"))
                    p.ij<-NaN            
                pp<-c(pp,p.ij)
                }
              }
              if (p.corrected)
                p.mul <- structure(p.adjust(pp,"BH"),names=paste("p",np,sep="."))
              else
                p.mul <- structure(pp,names=paste("p",np,sep="."))
            }
            ans<-list(descriptive=tt[,-1], sam=tt[,1], p.overall=p.overall, p.trend=p.trend, p.mul=p.mul)
            attr(ans, "method") <- c("continuous", "non-normal")
          }
        }
        
      }
    }
  }

  if (groups && ny==2 && compute.ratio){
    if (inherits(y,"Surv")){
      if (length(x)==0){
        ci<-matrix(NaN,1,3)
        p.ratio<-NaN
      } else {
        if (is.factor(x)){
          if (ref>nlevels(x)){
            ref<-1
            warning(paste("Variable",varname,": reference > nlevels, reference set to 1"))
          }           
          ci<-matrix(NA,nlevels(x),3)
          p.ratio<-rep(NA,nlevels(x))
          ci[ref,1]<-1
          fit<-try(coxph(y~C(x,base=ref)),silent=TRUE)
          if (inherits(fit,"try-error")){
            ci<-matrix(NaN,nlevels(x),3)
            ci[ref,]<-c(1,NA,NA)
            p.ratio<-rep(NaN,nlevels(x))
            p.ratio[ref]<-NA
          }else{
            ci[-ref,]<-exp(cbind(coef(fit),suppressMessages(confint(fit))))
            p.ratio[-ref]<-coef(summary(fit))[,5]
          }
          rownames(ci)<-levels(x)
          names(p.ratio)<-levels(x)
        } else {
          if (!inherits(x,"Surv")){
            x <- x / fact.ratio
            fit<-try(coxph(y~x),silent=TRUE)
            if (inherits(fit,"try-error")){
              ci<-matrix(NaN,1,3)
              p.ratio<-NaN
            } else
              ci<-rbind(exp(c(coef(fit),suppressMessages(confint(fit)))))
              p.ratio<-coef(summary(fit))[1,5]
          } else {
            ci<-matrix(NaN,1,3)
            p.ratio<-NaN          
          }
        }
      }
      colnames(ci)<-c("HR","HR.lower","HR.upper")
      attr(ans,"HR")<-ci    
    }else{
      if (length(x)==0){
        ci<-matrix(NaN,1,3)
        p.ratio<-NaN
      } else {    
        if (is.factor(x)){
          if (ref>nlevels(x)){
            ref<-1
            warning(paste("Variable",varname,": reference > nlevels, reference set to 1"))
          }         
          tb<-table(x,y)
          if (ref.y==2)
            tb<-tb[,2:1]
          if (ref!=1)
            tb<-rbind(tb[ref,,drop=FALSE],tb[-ref,,drop=FALSE])
          or.res<-try(oddsratio(tb,method=oddsratio.method),silent=TRUE)
          if (inherits(or.res,"try-error")){
            ci<-matrix(NaN,nlevels(x),3)
            ci[ref,]<-c(1,NA,NA)          
            rownames(ci)<-levels(x)            
            p.ratio<-rep(NaN,nlevels(x))
            p.ratio[ref]<-NA
            names(p.ratio)<-levels(x)
          } else {
            ci<-or.res$measure
            ci<-ci[levels(x),]
            p.ratio<-or.res$p.value[levels(x),1]
          }
          ci<-cbind(ci)
        } else {
          if (!inherits(x,"Surv")){
            x <- x / fact.ratio
            fit<-try(glm(y~x,family="binomial"),silent=TRUE)
            if (sum(table(y)>0)<2 | inherits(fit,"try-error")){
              ci<-matrix(NaN,1,3)
              p.ratio<-NaN
            }else{
              ci<-rbind(exp(c(coef(fit)[-1],suppressMessages(confint.default(fit)[-1,]))))
              if (ref.y==2)
                ci<-1/ci
              p.ratio<-coef(summary(fit))[2,4]
            }
          } else {
            ci<-matrix(NaN,1,3)
            p.ratio<-NaN
          }
        }
      }
      colnames(ci)<-c("OR","OR.lower","OR.upper")  
      attr(ans,"OR")<-ci
    }
    attr(ans,"p.ratio")<-p.ratio      
  }

  attr(ans,"x")<-x
  attr(ans,"x.orig")<-x.orig
  attr(ans,"y")<-y
  attr(ans,"y.orig")<-y.orig
  attr(ans,"selec")<-selec.i
  attr(ans,"fact.ratio")<-fact.ratio
  attr(ans,"groups")<-groups
  attr(ans,"xlong")<-xlong
  attr(ans,"ylong")<-ylong
  
  ans

}

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compareGroups documentation built on May 27, 2019, 5:01 p.m.