tests/testthat/ans.md

output: md_document

## function (x) 
## x
## <bytecode: 0x55c2662795e8>
## <environment: namespace:base>
## Identity Function
## 
## Description:
## 
##      A trivial identity function returning its argument.
## 
## Usage:
## 
##      identity(x)
##      
## Arguments:
## 
##        x: an R object.
## 
## See Also:
## 
##      'diag' creates diagonal matrices, including identity ones.
## 'data.frame':    150 obs. of  5 variables:
##  $ Sepal.Length: num  5.1 4.9 4.7 4.6 5 5.4 4.6 5 4.4 4.9 ...
##  $ Sepal.Width : num  3.5 3 3.2 3.1 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.4 2.9 3.1 ...
##  $ Petal.Length: num  1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 ...
##  $ Petal.Width : num  0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 ...
##  $ Species     : Factor w/ 3 levels "setosa","versicolor",..: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ...
## Edgar Anderson's Iris Data
## 
## Description:
## 
##      This famous (Fisher's or Anderson's) iris data set gives the
##      measurements in centimeters of the variables sepal length and
##      width and petal length and width, respectively, for 50 flowers
##      from each of 3 species of iris.  The species are _Iris setosa_,
##      _versicolor_, and _virginica_.
## 
## Usage:
## 
##      iris
##      iris3
##      
## Format:
## 
##      'iris' is a data frame with 150 cases (rows) and 5 variables
##      (columns) named 'Sepal.Length', 'Sepal.Width', 'Petal.Length',
##      'Petal.Width', and 'Species'.
## 
##      'iris3' gives the same data arranged as a 3-dimensional array of
##      size 50 by 4 by 3, as represented by S-PLUS.  The first dimension
##      gives the case number within the species subsample, the second the
##      measurements with names 'Sepal L.', 'Sepal W.', 'Petal L.', and
##      'Petal W.', and the third the species.
## 
## Source:
## 
##      Fisher, R. A. (1936) The use of multiple measurements in taxonomic
##      problems.  _Annals of Eugenics_, *7*, Part II, 179-188.
## 
##      The data were collected by Anderson, Edgar (1935).  The irises of
##      the Gaspe Peninsula, _Bulletin of the American Iris Society_,
##      *59*, 2-5.
## 
## References:
## 
##      Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) _The New S
##      Language_.  Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole. (has 'iris3' as 'iris'.)
## 
## See Also:
## 
##      'matplot' some examples of which use 'iris'.
## 
## Examples:
## 
##      dni3 <- dimnames(iris3)
##      ii <- data.frame(matrix(aperm(iris3, c(1,3,2)), ncol = 4,
##                              dimnames = list(NULL, sub(" L.",".Length",
##                                              sub(" W.",".Width", dni3[[2]])))),
##          Species = gl(3, 50, labels = sub("S", "s", sub("V", "v", dni3[[3]]))))
##      all.equal(ii, iris) # TRUE
##      Information on package 'base'
## 
## Description:
## 
## Package:       base
## Version:       3.6.1
## Priority:      base
## Title:         The R Base Package
## Author:        R Core Team and contributors worldwide
## Maintainer:    R Core Team <R-core@r-project.org>
## Description:   Base R functions.
## License:       Part of R 3.6.1
## Suggests:      methods
## Built:         R 3.6.1; ; 2019-09-16 01:29:12 UTC; unix
## 
## Index:
## 
## .Call                   Modern Interfaces to C/C++ code
## .Device                 Lists of Open/Active Graphics Devices
## .Internal               Call an Internal Function
## .Last.value             Value of Last Evaluated Expression
## .Library                Search Paths for Packages
## .Machine                Numerical Characteristics of the Machine
## .Platform               Platform Specific Variables
## .Primitive              Look Up a Primitive Function
## .bincode                Bin a Numeric Vector
## .deparseOpts            Options for Expression Deparsing
## .onLoad                 Hooks for Namespace Events
## .packages               Listing of Packages
## .standard_regexps       Miscellaneous Internal/Programming Utilities
## :                       Colon Operator
## ::                      Double Colon and Triple Colon Operators
## @                       Extract or Replace A Slot
## Arithmetic              Arithmetic Operators
## AsIs                    Inhibit Interpretation/Conversion of Objects
## Bessel                  Bessel Functions
## Comparison              Relational Operators
## Constants               Built-in Constants
## Control                 Control Flow
## Cstack_info             Report Information on C Stack Size and Usage
## DateTimeClasses         Date-Time Classes
## Dates                   Date Class
## Defunct                 Marking Objects as Defunct
## Deprecated              Marking Objects as Deprecated
## Encoding                Read or Set the Declared Encodings for a
##                         Character Vector
## Extract                 Extract or Replace Parts of an Object
## Filter                  Common Higher-Order Functions in Functional
##                         Programming Languages
## Foreign                 Foreign Function Interface
## ISOdatetime             Date-time Conversion Functions from Numeric
##                         Representations
## InternalMethods         Internal Generic Functions
## La_library              LAPACK Library
## La_version              LAPACK Version
## Logic                   Logical Operators
## Memory                  Memory Available for Data Storage
## Memory-limits           Memory Limits in R
## NA                      'Not Available' / Missing Values
## NULL                    The Null Object
## NotYetImplemented       Not Yet Implemented Functions and Unused
##                         Arguments
## NumericConstants        Numeric Constants
## Ops.Date                Operators on the Date Class
## Paren                   Parentheses and Braces
## Quotes                  Quotes
## R.Version               Version Information
## R.home                  Return the R Home Directory
## Random                  Random Number Generation
## Random.user             User-supplied Random Number Generation
## Rdconv                  Utilities for Processing Rd Files
## Recall                  Recursive Calling
## Reserved                Reserved Words in R
## Signals                 Interrupting Execution of R
## Special                 Special Functions of Mathematics
## Startup                 Initialization at Start of an R Session
## Syntax                  Operator Syntax and Precedence
## Sys.getenv              Get Environment Variables
## Sys.getpid              Get the Process ID of the R Session
## Sys.glob                Wildcard Expansion on File Paths
## Sys.info                Extract System and User Information
## Sys.localeconv          Find Details of the Numerical and Monetary
##                         Representations in the Current Locale
## Sys.readlink            Read File Symbolic Links
## Sys.setFileTime         Set File Time
## Sys.setenv              Set or Unset Environment Variables
## Sys.sleep               Suspend Execution for a Time Interval
## Sys.time                Get Current Date and Time
## Sys.which               Find Full Paths to Executables
## Trig                    Trigonometric Functions
## UseMethod               Class Methods
## Vectorize               Vectorize a Scalar Function
## [.data.frame            Extract or Replace Parts of a Data Frame
## [.factor                Extract or Replace Parts of a Factor
## abbreviate              Abbreviate Strings
## abs                     Miscellaneous Mathematical Functions
## addTaskCallback         Add or Remove a Top-Level Task Callback
## agrep                   Approximate String Matching (Fuzzy Matching)
## all                     Are All Values True?
## all.equal               Test if Two Objects are (Nearly) Equal
## all.names               Find All Names in an Expression
## any                     Are Some Values True?
## aperm                   Array Transposition
## append                  Vector Merging
## apply                   Apply Functions Over Array Margins
## args                    Argument List of a Function
## array                   Multi-way Arrays
## as.Date                 Date Conversion Functions to and from Character
## as.POSIXct              Date-time Conversion Functions
## as.data.frame           Coerce to a Data Frame
## as.environment          Coerce to an Environment Object
## as.function             Convert Object to Function
## asplit                  Split Array/Matrix By Its Margins
## assign                  Assign a Value to a Name
## assignOps               Assignment Operators
## attach                  Attach Set of R Objects to Search Path
## attachNamespace         Loading and Unloading Name Spaces
## attr                    Object Attributes
## attributes              Object Attribute Lists
## autoload                On-demand Loading of Packages
## backsolve               Solve an Upper or Lower Triangular System
## base-package            The R Base Package
## basename                Manipulate File Paths
## bindenv                 Binding and Environment Locking, Active
##                         Bindings
## bitwNot                 Bitwise Logical Operations
## body                    Access to and Manipulation of the Body of a
##                         Function
## bquote                  Partial substitution in expressions
## browser                 Environment Browser
## browserText             Functions to Retrieve Values Supplied by Calls
##                         to the Browser
## builtins                Returns the Names of All Built-in Objects
## by                      Apply a Function to a Data Frame Split by
##                         Factors
## c                       Combine Values into a Vector or List
## call                    Function Calls
## callCC                  Call With Current Continuation
## capabilities            Report Capabilities of this Build of R
## cat                     Concatenate and Print
## cbind                   Combine R Objects by Rows or Columns
## ceiling                 Rounding of Numbers
## char.expand             Expand a String with Respect to a Target Table
## charToRaw               Convert to or from Raw Vectors
## character               Character Vectors
## charmatch               Partial String Matching
## chartr                  Character Translation and Casefolding
## chkDots                 Warn About Extraneous Arguments in the "..." of
##                         Its Caller
## chol                    The Choleski Decomposition
## chol2inv                Inverse from Choleski (or QR) Decomposition
## class                   Object Classes
## col                     Column Indexes
## colSums                 Form Row and Column Sums and Means
## commandArgs             Extract Command Line Arguments
## comment                 Query or Set a '"comment"' Attribute
## complex                 Complex Numbers and Basic Functionality
## conditions              Condition Handling and Recovery
## conflicts               Search for Masked Objects on the Search Path
## connections             Functions to Manipulate Connections (Files,
##                         URLs, ...)
## contributors            R Project Contributors
## copyright               Copyrights of Files Used to Build R
## cosh                    Hyperbolic Functions
## crossprod               Matrix Crossproduct
## cumsum                  Cumulative Sums, Products, and Extremes
## curlGetHeaders          Retrieve Headers from URLs
## cut                     Convert Numeric to Factor
## cut.POSIXt              Convert a Date or Date-Time Object to a Factor
## data.class              Object Classes
## data.frame              Data Frames
## data.matrix             Convert a Data Frame to a Numeric Matrix
## date                    System Date and Time
## debug                   Debug a Function
## delayedAssign           Delay Evaluation
## deparse                 Expression Deparsing
## det                     Calculate the Determinant of a Matrix
## detach                  Detach Objects from the Search Path
## diag                    Matrix Diagonals
## diff                    Lagged Differences
## difftime                Time Intervals / Differences
## dim                     Dimensions of an Object
## dimnames                Dimnames of an Object
## dir.create              Manipulation of Directories and File
##                         Permissions
## do.call                 Execute a Function Call
## dontCheck               Identity Function to Suppress Checking
## dots                    ..., '..1', etc used in Functions
## double                  Double-Precision Vectors
## dput                    Write an Object to a File or Recreate it
## drop                    Drop Redundant Extent Information
## droplevels              Drop Unused Levels from Factors
## dump                    Text Representations of R Objects
## duplicated              Determine Duplicate Elements
## dyn.load                Foreign Function Interface
## eapply                  Apply a Function Over Values in an Environment
## eigen                   Spectral Decomposition of a Matrix
## encodeString            Encode Character Vector as for Printing
## environment             Environment Access
## environment variables   Environment Variables
## eval                    Evaluate an (Unevaluated) Expression
## exists                  Is an Object Defined?
## expand.grid             Create a Data Frame from All Combinations of
##                         Factor Variables
## expression              Unevaluated Expressions
## extSoftVersion          Report Versions of Third-Party Software
## factor                  Factors
## file.access             Ascertain File Accessibility
## file.choose             Choose a File Interactively
## file.info               Extract File Information
## file.path               Construct Path to File
## file.show               Display One or More Text Files
## files                   File Manipulation
## find.package            Find Packages
## findInterval            Find Interval Numbers or Indices
## force                   Force Evaluation of an Argument
## forceAndCall            Call a function with Some Arguments Forced
## formals                 Access to and Manipulation of the Formal
##                         Arguments
## format                  Encode in a Common Format
## format.info             format(.) Information
## format.pval             Format P Values
## formatC                 Formatting Using C-style Formats
## formatDL                Format Description Lists
## function                Function Definition
## gc                      Garbage Collection
## gc.time                 Report Time Spent in Garbage Collection
## gctorture               Torture Garbage Collector
## get                     Return the Value of a Named Object
## getDLLRegisteredRoutines
##                         Reflectance Information for C/Fortran routines
##                         in a DLL
## getHook                 Functions to Get and Set Hooks for Load,
##                         Attach, Detach and Unload
## getLoadedDLLs           Get DLLs Loaded in Current Session
## getNativeSymbolInfo     Obtain a Description of one or more Native
##                         (C/Fortran) Symbols
## getTaskCallbackNames    Query the Names of the Current Internal
##                         Top-Level Task Callbacks
## gettext                 Translate Text Messages
## getwd                   Get or Set Working Directory
## gl                      Generate Factor Levels
## grep                    Pattern Matching and Replacement
## grepRaw                 Pattern Matching for Raw Vectors
## groupGeneric            S3 Group Generic Functions
## grouping                Grouping Permutation
## gzcon                   (De)compress I/O Through Connections
## hexmode                 Display Numbers in Hexadecimal
## iconv                   Convert Character Vector between Encodings
## icuSetCollate           Setup Collation by ICU
## identical               Test Objects for Exact Equality
## identity                Identity Function
## ifelse                  Conditional Element Selection
## integer                 Integer Vectors
## interaction             Compute Factor Interactions
## interactive             Is R Running Interactively?
## invisible               Change the Print Mode to Invisible
## is.R                    Are we using R, rather than S?
## is.finite               Finite, Infinite and NaN Numbers
## is.function             Is an Object of Type (Primitive) Function?
## is.language             Is an Object a Language Object?
## is.object               Is an Object 'internally classed'?
## is.recursive            Is an Object Atomic or Recursive?
## is.single               Is an Object of Single Precision Type?
## is.unsorted             Test if an Object is Not Sorted
## isS4                    Test for an S4 object
## isSymmetric             Test if a Matrix or other Object is Symmetric
##                         (Hermitian)
## jitter                  'Jitter' (Add Noise) to Numbers
## kappa                   Compute or Estimate the Condition Number of a
##                         Matrix
## kronecker               Kronecker Products on Arrays
## l10n_info               Localization Information
## labels                  Find Labels from Object
## lapply                  Apply a Function over a List or Vector
## length                  Length of an Object
## lengths                 Lengths of List or Vector Elements
## levels                  Levels Attributes
## libcurlVersion          Report Version of libcurl
## library                 Loading/Attaching and Listing of Packages
## library.dynam           Loading DLLs from Packages
## license                 The R License Terms
## list                    Lists - Generic and Dotted Pairs
## list.files              List the Files in a Directory/Folder
## list2env                From A List, Build or Add To an Environment
## load                    Reload Saved Datasets
## locales                 Query or Set Aspects of the Locale
## log                     Logarithms and Exponentials
## logical                 Logical Vectors
## long vector             Long Vectors
## lower.tri               Lower and Upper Triangular Part of a Matrix
## ls                      List Objects
## make.names              Make Syntactically Valid Names
## make.unique             Make Character Strings Unique
## mapply                  Apply a Function to Multiple List or Vector
##                         Arguments
## margin.table            Compute table margin
## mat.or.vec              Create a Matrix or a Vector
## match                   Value Matching
## match.arg               Argument Verification Using Partial Matching
## match.call              Argument Matching
## match.fun               Extract a Function Specified by Name
## matmult                 Matrix Multiplication
## matrix                  Matrices
## max                     Maxima and Minima
## max.col                 Find Maximum Position in Matrix
## mean                    Arithmetic Mean
## mem.maxVSize            Query and Set Heap Size Limits
## memCompress             In-memory Compression and Decompression
## memory.profile          Profile the Usage of Cons Cells
## merge                   Merge Two Data Frames
## message                 Diagnostic Messages
## missing                 Does a Formal Argument have a Value?
## mode                    The (Storage) Mode of an Object
## name                    Names and Symbols
## names                   The Names of an Object
## nargs                   The Number of Arguments to a Function
## nchar                   Count the Number of Characters (or Bytes or
##                         Width)
## nlevels                 The Number of Levels of a Factor
## noquote                 Class for 'no quote' Printing of Character
##                         Strings
## norm                    Compute the Norm of a Matrix
## normalizePath           Express File Paths in Canonical Form
## nrow                    The Number of Rows/Columns of an Array
## numeric                 Numeric Vectors
## numeric_version         Numeric Versions
## octmode                 Display Numbers in Octal
## on.exit                 Function Exit Code
## options                 Options Settings
## order                   Ordering Permutation
## outer                   Outer Product of Arrays
## parse                   Parse R Expressions
## paste                   Concatenate Strings
## path.expand             Expand File Paths
## pcre_config             Report Configuration Options for PCRE
## pmatch                  Partial String Matching
## polyroot                Find Zeros of a Real or Complex Polynomial
## pos.to.env              Convert Positions in the Search Path to
##                         Environments
## pretty                  Pretty Breakpoints
## print                   Print Values
## print.data.frame        Printing Data Frames
## print.default           Default Printing
## prmatrix                Print Matrices, Old-style
## proc.time               Running Time of R
## prod                    Product of Vector Elements
## prop.table              Express Table Entries as Fraction of Marginal
##                         Table
## pushBack                Push Text Back on to a Connection
## qr                      The QR Decomposition of a Matrix
## qr.X                    Reconstruct the Q, R, or X Matrices from a QR
##                         Object
## quit                    Terminate an R Session
## range                   Range of Values
## rank                    Sample Ranks
## rapply                  Recursively Apply a Function to a List
## raw                     Raw Vectors
## rawConnection           Raw Connections
## read.dcf                Read and Write Data in DCF Format
## readBin                 Transfer Binary Data To and From Connections
## readChar                Transfer Character Strings To and From
##                         Connections
## readLines               Read Text Lines from a Connection
## readRDS                 Serialization Interface for Single Objects
## readRenviron            Set Environment Variables from a File
## readline                Read a Line from the Terminal
## reg.finalizer           Finalization of Objects
## regex                   Regular Expressions as used in R
## regmatches              Extract or Replace Matched Substrings
## remove                  Remove Objects from a Specified Environment
## rep                     Replicate Elements of Vectors and Lists
## replace                 Replace Values in a Vector
## rev                     Reverse Elements
## rle                     Run Length Encoding
## round.POSIXt            Round / Truncate Data-Time Objects
## row                     Row Indexes
## row.names               Get and Set Row Names for Data Frames
## rownames                Row and Column Names
## rowsum                  Give Column Sums of a Matrix or Data Frame,
##                         Based on a Grouping Variable
## sQuote                  Quote Text
## sample                  Random Samples and Permutations
## save                    Save R Objects
## scale                   Scaling and Centering of Matrix-like Objects
## scan                    Read Data Values
## search                  Give Search Path for R Objects
## seek                    Functions to Reposition Connections
## seq                     Sequence Generation
## seq.Date                Generate Regular Sequences of Dates
## seq.POSIXt              Generate Regular Sequences of Times
## sequence                Create A Vector of Sequences
## serialize               Simple Serialization Interface
## setTimeLimit            Set CPU and/or Elapsed Time Limits
## shQuote                 Quote Strings for Use in OS Shells
## showConnections         Display Connections
## sign                    Sign Function
## sink                    Send R Output to a File
## slice.index             Slice Indexes in an Array
## socketSelect            Wait on Socket Connections
## solve                   Solve a System of Equations
## sort                    Sorting or Ordering Vectors
## source                  Read R Code from a File, a Connection or
##                         Expressions
## split                   Divide into Groups and Reassemble
## sprintf                 Use C-style String Formatting Commands
## srcfile                 References to Source Files and Code
## standardGeneric         Formal Method System - Dispatching S4 Methods
## startsWith              Does String Start or End With Another String?
## stop                    Stop Function Execution
## stopifnot               Ensure the Truth of R Expressions
## strptime                Date-time Conversion Functions to and from
##                         Character
## strrep                  Repeat the Elements of a Character Vector
## strsplit                Split the Elements of a Character Vector
## strtoi                  Convert Strings to Integers
## strtrim                 Trim Character Strings to Specified Display
##                         Widths
## structure               Attribute Specification
## strwrap                 Wrap Character Strings to Format Paragraphs
## subset                  Subsetting Vectors, Matrices and Data Frames
## substitute              Substituting and Quoting Expressions
## substr                  Substrings of a Character Vector
## sum                     Sum of Vector Elements
## summary                 Object Summaries
## svd                     Singular Value Decomposition of a Matrix
## sweep                   Sweep out Array Summaries
## switch                  Select One of a List of Alternatives
## sys.parent              Functions to Access the Function Call Stack
## sys.source              Parse and Evaluate Expressions from a File
## system                  Invoke a System Command
## system.file             Find Names of R System Files
## system.time             CPU Time Used
## system2                 Invoke a System Command
## t                       Matrix Transpose
## table                   Cross Tabulation and Table Creation
## tabulate                Tabulation for Vectors
## tapply                  Apply a Function Over a Ragged Array
## taskCallbackManager     Create an R-level Task Callback Manager
## tempfile                Create Names for Temporary Files
## textConnection          Text Connections
## tilde                   Tilde Operator
## timezones               Time Zones
## toString                Convert an R Object to a Character String
## topenv                  Top Level Environment
## trace                   Interactive Tracing and Debugging of Calls to a
##                         Function or Method
## traceback               Get and Print Call Stacks
## tracemem                Trace Copying of Objects
## transform               Transform an Object, for Example a Data Frame
## trimws                  Remove Leading/Trailing Whitespace
## try                     Try an Expression Allowing Error Recovery
## typeof                  The Type of an Object
## union                   Set Operations
## unique                  Extract Unique Elements
## unlink                  Delete Files and Directories
## unlist                  Flatten Lists
## unname                  Remove 'names' or 'dimnames'
## utf8ToInt               Convert Integer Vectors to or from
##                         UTF-8-encoded Character Vectors
## validUTF8               Check if a Character Vector is Validly Encoded
## vector                  Vectors
## warning                 Warning Messages
## warnings                Print Warning Messages
## weekdays                Extract Parts of a POSIXt or Date Object
## which                   Which indices are TRUE?
## which.min               Where is the Min() or Max() or first TRUE or
##                         FALSE ?
## with                    Evaluate an Expression in a Data Environment
## withVisible             Return both a Value and its Visibility
## write                   Write Data to a File
## writeLines              Write Lines to a Connection
## xtfrm                   Auxiliary Function for Sorting and Ranking
## zapsmall                Rounding of Numbers: Zapping Small Ones to Zero


Try the felp package in your browser

Any scripts or data that you put into this service are public.

felp documentation built on Sept. 14, 2020, 9:07 a.m.