closure  R Documentation 
These functions offer methods for summarising the closure in configurations in one, two, and threemode networks:
network_reciprocity()
measures reciprocity in a (usually directed) network.
node_reciprocity()
measures nodes' reciprocity.
network_transitivity()
measures transitivity in a network.
node_transitivity()
measures nodes' transitivity.
network_equivalency()
measures equivalence or reinforcement
in a (usually twomode) network.
network_congruency()
measures congruency across two twomode networks.
network_reciprocity(.data, method = "default")
node_reciprocity(.data)
network_transitivity(.data)
node_transitivity(.data)
network_equivalency(.data)
network_congruency(.data, object2)
.data 
An object of a

method 
For reciprocity, either 
object2 
Optionally, a second (twomode) matrix, igraph, or tidygraph 
For onemode networks, shallow wrappers of igraph versions exist via
network_reciprocity
and network_transitivity
.
For twomode networks, network_equivalency
calculates the proportion of threepaths in the network
that are closed by fourth tie to establish a "shared fourcycle" structure.
For threemode networks, network_congruency
calculates the proportion of threepaths
spanning two twomode networks that are closed by a fourth tie to establish a
"congruent fourcycle" structure.
The network_equivalency()
function calculates the Robins and Alexander (2004)
clustering coefficient for twomode networks.
Note that for weighted twomode networks, the result is divided by the average tie weight.
Robins, Garry L, and Malcolm Alexander. 2004. Small worlds among interlocking directors: Network structure and distance in bipartite graphs. Computational & Mathematical Organization Theory 10(1): 69–94. \Sexpr[results=rd]{tools:::Rd_expr_doi("10.1023/B:CMOT.0000032580.12184.c0")}.
Knoke, David, Mario Diani, James Hollway, and Dimitris C Christopoulos. 2021. Multimodal Political Networks. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge University Press. \Sexpr[results=rd]{tools:::Rd_expr_doi("10.1017/9781108985000")}
Other measures:
between_centrality
,
close_centrality
,
cohesion()
,
degree_centrality
,
eigenv_centrality
,
features
,
heterogeneity
,
hierarchy
,
holes
,
net_diffusion
,
node_diffusion
,
periods
network_reciprocity(ison_southern_women)
node_reciprocity(to_unweighted(ison_networkers))
network_transitivity(ison_adolescents)
node_transitivity(ison_adolescents)
network_equivalency(ison_southern_women)
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