R/dpss.R

Defines functions dpssToEigenvalues dpss

Documented in dpss dpssToEigenvalues

##     The multitaper R package
##     Multitaper and spectral analysis package for R
##     Copyright (C) 2013 Karim Rahim 
##
##     Written by Karim Rahim based on Percival and Walden (1993) updated to use
##     use LAPACK, makes use of technique found in David Thomson's F77 code for
##     reducing the tridiagonal matrix in half.
##
##     Small changes made by Wesley Burr.
##
##     This file is part of the multitaper package for R.
##     http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/multitaper/index.html
## 
##     The multitaper package is free software: you can redistribute it and 
##     or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as 
##     published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the 
##     License, or any later version.
##
##     The multitaper package is distributed in the hope that it will be 
##     useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty 
##     of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
##     GNU General Public License for more details.
##
##     You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
##     along with multitaper.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
##
##     If you wish to report bugs please contact the author:
## 
##     Karim Rahim
##     [email protected]


##########################################################
##
##  dpss
## 
##  Generates k orthogonal discrete prolate spheroidal
##  sequences (dpss) using the tridiagonal method. See
##  Slepian (1978) page 1379 and Percival and Walden
##  chapter 8.4
##
##########################################################

dpss <- function(n, k, nw, returnEigenvalues=TRUE) {

    stopifnot(n >= 1, nw/n >0, nw/n < 0.5, k >= 1)
    
    ## if k is passed in as floating point, the cast to 
    ## as.integer() in the Fortran call does not quite work properly
    if(!is.integer(k)) {
      k<-as.integer(floor(k));
    } 

    ##eigen is of length for use by lapack functoins.
    ## this will use lapack functions in place of the
    ## eispack functions referenced in Percival and Waldern
    out <- .Fortran("fdpss", as.integer(n), as.integer(k),
              as.double(nw), 
              v=double(n*k), eigen=double(k),
              PACKAGE='multitaper')
    out$v <- matrix(data=out$v, nrow=n, ncol=k, byrow=FALSE)
    if(returnEigenvalues) {
        out$eigen <- dpssToEigenvalues(out$v, nw)
    } else {
        ## eigen values returned from the tridiagonal formulation
        ## Slepian eqn #13 (1978)
        out$eigen <- out$eigen
    }
    
    res <- list(v=out$v,
                eigen=out$eigen)
    class(res) <- "dpss"
    return(res)
}

##########################################################
##
##  dpssToEigenvalues
## 
##  Given a set of dpss tapers, find the eigenvalues corresponding
## to the generated dpss's
##
##  See Percival and Walden (1993) exercise 8.4, and
## associated LISP code.
##
##########################################################


dpssToEigenvalues <- function(v, nw) {
    v <- as.matrix(v)
    n <- length(v[,1])
    k <- length(v[1,])
    w <- nw/n
    npot <- 2**(ceiling(log2(2*n)))

    ## pad
    scratch <- rbind(v, matrix(data=0, nrow=npot-n, ncol=k))
    ## n * acvs
    scratch <- Re(mvfft(abs(mvfft(scratch))**2))/npot
    
    j <- 1:(n-1)
    vectorOfRatios <- c(2*w, sin(2*pi*w*j)/(pi*j))
    
    ## Note: both vector of ratios and scratch
    ##  roughy decrease in amplitude with increasing index,
    ##  so sum things up in reverse order
    eigenvalues <- NULL
    if(k>1) {
        eigenvalues <- apply(scratch[n:2,] * vectorOfRatios[n:2], 2, sum)
    } else {
        eigenvalues <- sum(scratch[n:2,] * vectorOfRatios[n:2])
    }
    return(2*eigenvalues +
           vectorOfRatios[1]*scratch[1,1:k])
}

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multitaper documentation built on Nov. 17, 2017, 4:02 a.m.