# R/011_glev_uni_ln.R In noisemodel: Noise Models for Classification Datasets

#### Documented in glev_uni_lnglev_uni_ln.defaultglev_uni_ln.formula

###############################################################
###############################################################
###############################################################

#' @export
glev_uni_ln <- function(x, ...) UseMethod("glev_uni_ln")

#' Gaussian-level uniform label noise
#'
#' Introduction of \emph{Gaussian-level uniform label noise} into a classification dataset.
#'
#' For each sample, \emph{Gaussian-level uniform label noise} assigns a random probability
#' following a Gaussian distribution of mean = \code{level} and standard deviation \code{sd}.
#' Noisy samples are chosen according to these probabilities.
#' The labels of these samples are randomly
#' replaced by other different ones within the set of class labels.
#'
#' @param x a data frame of input attributes.
#' @param y a factor vector with the output class of each sample.
#' @param level a double in [0,1] with the noise level to be introduced.
#' @param sd a double with the standard deviation for the Gaussian distribution (default: 0.01).
#' @param sortid a logical indicating if the indices must be sorted at the output (default: \code{TRUE}).
#' @param formula a formula with the output class and, at least, one input attribute.
#' @param data a data frame in which to interpret the variables in the formula.
#' @param ... other options to pass to the function.
#'
#' @return An object of class \code{ndmodel} with elements:
#' \item{xnoise}{a data frame with the noisy input attributes.}
#' \item{ynoise}{a factor vector with the noisy output class.}
#' \item{numnoise}{an integer vector with the amount of noisy samples per class.}
#' \item{idnoise}{an integer vector list with the indices of noisy samples.}
#' \item{numclean}{an integer vector with the amount of clean samples per class.}
#' \item{idclean}{an integer vector list with the indices of clean samples.}
#' \item{distr}{an integer vector with the samples per class in the original data.}
#' \item{model}{the full name of the noise introduction model used.}
#' \item{param}{a list of the argument values.}
#' \item{call}{the function call.}
#'
#' @references
#' D. Liu, G. Yang, J. Wu, J. Zhao, and F. Lv.
#' \strong{Robust binary loss for multi-category classification with label noise}.
#' In \emph{Proc. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing},
#' pages 1700-1704, 2021.
#' \doi{10.1109/ICASSP39728.2021.9414493}.
#'
#' @examples
#' data(iris2D)
#'
#' # usage of the default method
#' set.seed(9)
#' outdef <- glev_uni_ln(x = iris2D[,-ncol(iris2D)], y = iris2D[,ncol(iris2D)], level = 0.1)
#'
#' # show results
#' summary(outdef, showid = TRUE)
#' plot(outdef)
#'
#' # usage of the method for class formula
#' set.seed(9)
#' outfrm <- glev_uni_ln(formula = Species ~ ., data = iris2D, level = 0.1)
#'
#' # check the match of noisy indices
#' identical(outdef$idnoise, outfrm$idnoise)
#'
#' @note Noise model adapted from the papers in References.
#'
#'
#' @name glev_uni_ln
NULL

###############################################################
###############################################################
###############################################################

#' @export
#' @rdname glev_uni_ln
glev_uni_ln.default <- function(x, y, level, sd = 0.01, sortid = TRUE, ...){

######################################################
# check for errors #########
if(!is.data.frame(x)){
stop("argument \"x\" must be a data frame")
}
if(!is.factor(y)){
stop("argument \"y\" must be a factor vector")
}
if(nlevels(y) < 2){
stop("argument \"y\" must have at least 2 levels")
}
if(level < 0 || level > 1){
stop("argument \"level\" must be in [0,1]")
}
if(nrow(x) != length(y)){
stop("number of rows of \"x\" must be equal to length of \"y\"")
}

######################################################
# introduce noise #########
nl <- rnorm(nrow(x), mean = level, sd = sd)
nl[nl < 0] <- 0
num_noise <- round(nrow(x)*level)
idx_noise <- sample(x = 1:nrow(x), size = num_noise, replace = FALSE, prob = nl)
if(sortid)
idx_noise <- sort(idx_noise)

classes <- levels(y)
nnoiseclass <- as.vector(table(factor(y[idx_noise], levels = classes)))
names(nnoiseclass) <- classes
distr <- as.vector(table(factor(y, levels = classes)))
names(distr) <- classes

if(num_noise > 0){
newvalues <- sample_replace(x = 1:nlevels(y), size = num_noise, original = FALSE, ref = as.integer(y[idx_noise]))
newvalues <- levels(y)[newvalues]
y[idx_noise] <- newvalues
}

######################################################
# create object of class 'ndmodel' #########
call <- match.call()
call[[1]] <- as.name("glev_uni_ln")
res <- list(xnoise = x,
ynoise = y,
numnoise = nnoiseclass,
idnoise = list(idx_noise),
numclean = distr-nnoiseclass,
idclean = list(setdiff(1:nrow(x),idx_noise)),
distr = distr,
model = "Gaussian-level uniform label noise",
param = list(level = level, sd = sd, sortid = sortid),
call = call
)
class(res) <- "ndmodel"
return(res)
}

###############################################################
###############################################################
###############################################################

#' @export
#' @rdname glev_uni_ln
#' @importFrom "stats" "model.frame"
glev_uni_ln.formula <- function(formula, data, ...){

if(!is.data.frame(data)){
stop("argument \"data\" must be a data frame")
}

mf <- model.frame(formula,data)
attr(mf,"terms") <- NULL

x <- mf[,-1]
y <- mf[,1]

res <- glev_uni_ln.default(x = x, y = y, ...)
res$call <- match.call(expand.dots = TRUE) res$call[[1]] <- as.name("glev_uni_ln")

return(res)
}

###############################################################
###############################################################
###############################################################


## Try the noisemodel package in your browser

Any scripts or data that you put into this service are public.

noisemodel documentation built on Oct. 17, 2022, 9:05 a.m.