R/vect_link.R

Defines functions vect2neigh vDataCount vColumns vInfo writeVECT mixedorder mixedsort read_vect_non_plugin read_vect_plugin readVECT

Documented in readVECT vColumns vDataCount vect2neigh vInfo writeVECT

# Interpreted GRASS 7 interface functions
# Copyright (c) 2015 Roger S. Bivand
#
readVECT <- function(vname, layer, type=NULL, plugin=NULL,
        remove.duplicates=TRUE, ignore.stderr = NULL,
        with_prj=TRUE,  with_c=FALSE, mapset=NULL, pointDropZ=FALSE,
        driver=NULL) {

        if (is.null(plugin))
            plugin <- get.pluginOption()
        if (is.null(ignore.stderr))
            ignore.stderr <- get.ignore.stderrOption()
    if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
        inEchoCmd <- set.echoCmdOption(FALSE)
    }
    tryCatch(
        {
            stopifnot(is.logical(plugin)|| is.null(plugin))
            stopifnot(is.logical(ignore.stderr))
            if (missing(layer)) layer <- "1"
            layer <- as.character(layer)
# 120908 emails Markus Neteler, Markus Metz, default TRUE before G7
            stopifnot(is.logical(with_c))
            if (!is.null(driver) && driver == "GRASS") plugin <- TRUE
            
            if (!requireNamespace("rgdal", quietly = TRUE)) {
                stop("rgdal not available")
            }
            if (is.null(plugin)) {
                ogrD <- rgdal::ogrDrivers()$name
                plugin <- "GRASS" %in% ogrD
            }
            if (plugin) {
                res <- .read_vect_plugin(vname=vname, layer=layer, type=type,
                    ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr,
                    pointDropZ=pointDropZ, mapset = mapset)
            } else {
                res <- .read_vect_non_plugin(vname=vname, layer=layer,
                    type=type, remove.duplicates=remove.duplicates,
                    ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr, pointDropZ=pointDropZ,
                    driver=driver, with_prj=with_prj, with_c=with_c)
            }
        },
        finally = {    
            if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
                tull <- set.echoCmdOption(inEchoCmd)
            }
        }
    )
    
    res
}


## internal function for reading vectors via plugin

.read_vect_plugin <- function(vname, layer, type, ignore.stderr, pointDropZ, mapset) {
    ogrD <- rgdal::ogrDrivers()$name
	if (!("GRASS" %in% ogrD)) stop("no GRASS plugin driver")
        gg <- gmeta()
        if (is.null(mapset)) {
            c_at <- strsplit(vname[1], "@")[[1]]
            if (length(c_at) == 1) {
                mapset <- .g_findfile(vname[1], type="vector")
            } else if (length(c_at) == 2) {
                mapset <- c_at[2]
                vname[1] <- c_at[1]
            } else stop("malformed vector name")
        }
        dsn <- paste(gg$GISDBASE, gg$LOCATION_NAME, mapset,
            "vector", vname[1], "head", sep="/")
	res <- rgdal::readOGR(dsn, layer=as.character(layer),
            verbose=!ignore.stderr, pointDropZ=pointDropZ)
    return(res)
}

## internal function for reading vectors without plugin
.read_vect_non_plugin <- function(vname, layer, type, remove.duplicates, ignore.stderr, pointDropZ, driver, with_prj,with_c)
{
    ogrD <- rgdal::ogrDrivers()
    ogrDw <- gsub(" ", "_", ogrD$name[ogrD$write])
# guess GRASS v.out.ogr capability from rgdal
    ogrDGRASS <- execGRASS("v.in.ogr", flags=ifelse(ignore.stderr, c("f",
                           "quiet"), "f"), intern=TRUE,
                           ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
#    gv <- unname(read.dcf(textConnection(gsub("=", ":", 
#      execGRASS("g.version", flags="g", intern=TRUE))))[1,1])
#    if (gv < "7.3") {
#      ogrDGRASSs <- gsub(" ", "_", sapply(strsplit(ogrDGRASS, ": "), "[", 2))
#    } else {
#      strs <- sapply(strsplit(ogrDGRASS, ": "), "[", 1)
#      ogrDGRASSs <- gsub(" ", "_", gsub(" $", "",
#        substring(strs, 2, nchar(strs)-5)))
#    }
# Markus Metz 2017-10-11
    ogrDGRASSs <- gsub(" ", "_", trimws(sapply(strsplit(ogrDGRASS,
      " [(]"), "[", 1)))
    candDrivers <- gsub(" ", "_", sort(intersect(ogrDGRASSs, ogrDw)))
    if (!is.null(driver)) {
        driver <- gsub(" ", "_", driver)
        stopifnot(is.character(driver))
        stopifnot(length(driver) == 1)
        stopifnot(driver %in% candDrivers)
    } else {
        preferDriver <- c("SQLite", "ESRI_Shapefile")
        for (d in preferDriver) {
            if (d %in% candDrivers) {
                driver <- d
                break
            }
        }
    }
    stopifnot(!is.null(driver))

    fDrivers <- c("GML", "SQLite")
    dDrivers <- c("ESRI_Shapefile", "MapInfo_File")

    is_dDriver <- TRUE
    driver <- gsub(" ", "_", driver)
    if (driver %in% fDrivers) is_dDriver <- FALSE
    vinfo <- vInfo(vname)
    types <- names(vinfo)[which(vinfo > 0)]
    if (is.null(type)) {
        if (length(grep("points", types)) > 0) type <- "point"
        if (length(grep("lines", types)) > 0) type <- "line"
        if (length(grep("areas", types)) > 0) type <- "area"
        if (is.null(type)) stop("Vector type not found")
    }

    pid <- as.integer(round(runif(1, 1, 1000)))

    gtmpfl1 <- execGRASS("g.tempfile", pid=pid,
                                 intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
# FIXME
    gtmpfl1_dir <- dirname(gtmpfl1)
    unlink(gtmpfl1)
    if (is_dDriver) gtmpfl1 <- gtmpfl1_dir
    rtmpfl1 <- ifelse(.Platform$OS.type == "windows" &&
                          (Sys.getenv("OSTYPE") == "cygwin"), 
                      system(paste("cygpath -w", gtmpfl1, sep=" "),
                          intern=TRUE), gtmpfl1)

    fieldNameFix <- FALSE
    if (driver == "ESRI_Shapefile") {
        shname <- substring(vname, 1, ifelse(nchar(vname) > 8, 8, 
                                             nchar(vname)))
        cnamesLen <- nchar(as.character(vColumns(vname)$name))
        if (any(cnamesLen > 10)) {
            fieldNameFix <- TRUE
        } else {
            fieldNameFix <- FALSE
        }
    } else {
        shname <- vname
        fieldNameFix <- FALSE
    }
    if (fieldNameFix) {
        dc <- execGRASS("db.connect", flags=ifelse(ignore.stderr, c("p",
                           "quiet"), "p"), intern=TRUE,
            ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
        dbDriver <- strsplit(dc[grep("driver:", dc)], " ")[[1]][2]
        if (dbDriver != "sqlite") {
            fieldNameFix <- FALSE
            warning("readVECT: db driver not sqlite - no long field/column name fix available")
        }
    }
    
    flags <- "overwrite"
    if (ignore.stderr) flags <- c(flags, "quiet")
    if (with_prj) flags <- c(flags, "e")
    if (with_c) flags <- c(flags, "c")
    GDSN <- gtmpfl1
    RDSN <- rtmpfl1
    LAYER <- shname

# FIXME use RSQLite for df if 
    if (fieldNameFix) {
      tryCatch(
        {
            if (!requireNamespace("RSQLite", quietly = TRUE)) {
                stop("RSQLite not available")
            }
            t1 <- execGRASS("v.info", map=vname, layer=as.character(layer),
                flags=ifelse(ignore.stderr, c("e",
                           "quiet"), "e"), intern=TRUE)
            t1a <- strsplit(t1[1:4], "=")
            names(t1a) <- sapply(t1a, "[", 1L)
            t2 <- unlist(lapply(t1a, "[", -1L))
            tgt <- paste(t2["database"], t2["location"], t2["mapset"],
                "sqlite", "sqlite.db", sep="/")
            con <- RSQLite::dbConnect(RSQLite::SQLite(), tgt)
            if (!RSQLite::dbExistsTable(con, t2["name"])) {
                warning("readVECT: SQLite table not found", t2["name"])
                df <- NULL
                RSQLite::dbDisconnect(con)
            } else {
                df <- RSQLite::dbReadTable(con, t2["name"])
                RSQLite::dbDisconnect(con)
            }
            
            tmpvname <- paste(vname, paste(sample(letters, 3), collapse=""),
                sep="_")
            execGRASS("g.copy", vector=paste(vname,tmpvname, sep=","),
                flags=c("overwrite", "quiet"), ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
            execGRASS("v.db.connect", flags=c("d", "quiet"), map=tmpvname,
                ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
            execGRASS("v.out.ogr", flags=flags, input=tmpvname,
                type=type, layer=as.character(layer), output=GDSN,
                 output_layer=LAYER, format=gsub(" ", "_", driver),
                 ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
            execGRASS("v.db.connect", map=tmpvname, table=tmpvname,
                driver="sqlite", flags=c("quiet"), ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
            execGRASS("g.remove", flags=c("quiet", "f"), type="vector",
                name=tmpvname,  ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)


            res <- rgdal::readOGR(dsn=RDSN, layer=LAYER,
                verbose=!ignore.stderr, pointDropZ=pointDropZ)
            if (!is.null(df)) {
                row.names(df) <- row.names(res)
                slot(res, "data") <- merge(slot(res, "data"), df, by="cat")
            }
        },
        finally = {
#            if (.Platform$OS.type != "windows") {
            if (is_dDriver) {
                unlink(paste(rtmpfl1, list.files(rtmpfl1, pattern=shname), 
                    sep=.Platform$file.sep))
            } else {
                unlink(rtmpfl1)
            }
#           }
        }
      )
    } else {
      tryCatch(
        {
            if (driver == "SQLite") {
              execGRASS("v.out.ogr", flags=flags, input=vname,
                type=type, layer=as.character(layer), output=GDSN,
                 output_layer=LAYER, format=driver,
                 lco="LAUNDER=NO", ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
            } else {
              execGRASS("v.out.ogr", flags=flags, input=vname,
                type=type, layer=as.character(layer), output=GDSN,
                 output_layer=LAYER, format=gsub(" ", "_", driver),
                 ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
            }

            res <- rgdal::readOGR(dsn=RDSN, layer=LAYER,
                verbose=!ignore.stderr, pointDropZ=pointDropZ)
        },
        finally = {
#            if (.Platform$OS.type != "windows") {
            if (is_dDriver) {
                unlink(paste(rtmpfl1, list.files(rtmpfl1, pattern=shname), 
                    sep=.Platform$file.sep))
            } else {
                unlink(rtmpfl1)
            }
#            }
        }
      )
    }
    
    if (remove.duplicates && type != "point") {
        dups <- duplicated(slot(res, "data"))
        if (any(dups)) {
            if (length(grep("line", type)) > 0) type <- "line"
            if (length(grep("area", type)) > 0) type <- "area"
            if (type != "area" && type != "line")
                stop("try remove.duplicates=FALSE")
            ndata <- as(res, "data.frame")[!dups,,drop=FALSE]
            cand <- as.character(ndata$cat)
            cand[is.na(cand)] <- "na"
            row.names(ndata) <- cand
            if (type == "area") {
                pls <- slot(res, "polygons")
            } else if (type == "line") {
                pls <- slot(res, "lines")
            }
            p4s <- proj4string(res)
            IDs <- as.character(res$cat)
            IDs[is.na(IDs)] <- "na"
            tab <- table(factor(IDs))
            n <- length(tab)
            if (n + sum(dups) != length(pls))
                stop("length mismatch in duplicate removal")
            IDss <- .mixedsort(names(tab))
            reg <- match(IDs, IDss)
            belongs <- lapply(1:n, function(x) which(x == reg))
            npls <- vector(mode="list", length=n)
            for (i in 1:n) {
                nParts <- length(belongs[[i]])
                srl <- NULL
                for (j in 1:nParts) {
                    plij <- pls[[belongs[[i]][j]]]
                    if (type == "area") {
                        plijp <- slot(plij, "Polygons")
                    } else if (type == "line") {
                        plijp <- slot(plij, "Lines")
                    }
                    srl <- c(srl, plijp)
                }
                if (type == "area") {
                    npls[[i]] <- Polygons(srl, ID=IDss[i])
                } else if (type == "line") {
                    npls[[i]] <- Lines(srl, ID=IDss[i])
                }
            }
            if (type == "area") {
                SP <- SpatialPolygons(npls, proj4string=CRS(p4s))
                res <- SpatialPolygonsDataFrame(SP, ndata)
            } else if (type == "line") {
                SP <- SpatialLines(npls, proj4string=CRS(p4s))
                res <- SpatialLinesDataFrame(SP, ndata)
            }
        }

    }
    return(res)
}

# Function mixedorder copied from gtools 2.2.3 LGPL Gregory R. Warnes
.mixedsort <- function (x) {
    x[.mixedorder(x)]
}

.mixedorder <- function (x) {
    delim = "\\$\\@\\$"
    numeric <- function(x) {
        optwarn = options("warn")
        on.exit(options(optwarn))
        options(warn = -1)
        as.numeric(x)
    }
    nonnumeric <- function(x) {
        optwarn = options("warn")
        on.exit(options(optwarn))
        options(warn = -1)
        ifelse(is.na(as.numeric(x)), toupper(x), NA)
    }
    x <- as.character(x)
    which.nas <- which(is.na(x))
    which.blanks <- which(x == "")
    if (length(which.blanks) > 0) 
        x[which.blanks] <- -Inf
    if (length(which.nas) > 0) 
        x[which.nas] <- Inf
    delimited <- gsub("([+-]{0,1}[0-9.]+([eE][+-]{0,1}[0-9.]+){0,1})", 
        paste(delim, "\\1", delim, sep = ""), x)
    step1 <- strsplit(delimited, delim)
    step1 <- lapply(step1, function(x) x[x > ""])
    step1.numeric <- lapply(step1, numeric)
    step1.character <- lapply(step1, nonnumeric)
    maxelem <- max(sapply(step1, length))
    step1.numeric.t <- lapply(1:maxelem, function(i) sapply(step1.numeric, 
        function(x) x[i]))
    step1.character.t <- lapply(1:maxelem, function(i) sapply(step1.character, 
        function(x) x[i]))
    rank.numeric <- sapply(step1.numeric.t, rank)
    rank.character <- sapply(step1.character.t, 
	function(x) as.numeric(factor(x)))
    rank.numeric[!is.na(rank.character)] <- 0
    rank.character <- t(t(rank.character) + apply(matrix(rank.numeric), 
        2, max, na.rm = TRUE))
    rank.overall <- ifelse(is.na(rank.character), rank.numeric, 
        rank.character)
    order.frame <- as.data.frame(rank.overall)
    if (length(which.nas) > 0) 
        order.frame[which.nas, ] <- Inf
    retval <- do.call("order", order.frame)
    return(retval)
}

writeVECT <- function(SDF, vname, #factor2char = TRUE, 
     v.in.ogr_flags=NULL, ignore.stderr = NULL,
     driver=NULL, min_area=0.0001, snap=-1) {

        if (is.null(ignore.stderr))
            ignore.stderr <- get.ignore.stderrOption()
        stopifnot(is.logical(ignore.stderr))
    if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
        inEchoCmd <- set.echoCmdOption(FALSE)
    }
    stopifnot(is.logical(ignore.stderr))
    if (!requireNamespace("rgdal", quietly = TRUE)) {
        stop("rgdal not available")
    }
    ogrD <- rgdal::ogrDrivers()
    ogrDw <- gsub(" ", "_", ogrD$name[ogrD$write])
# guess GRASS v.out.ogr capability from rgdal
    ogrDGRASS <- execGRASS("v.in.ogr", flags="f", intern=TRUE,
                           ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
#    ogrDGRASSs <- gsub(" ", "_", sapply(strsplit(ogrDGRASS, ": "), "[", 2))
# Markus Metz 2017-10-11
    ogrDGRASSs <- gsub(" ", "_", trimws(sapply(strsplit(ogrDGRASS,
      " [(]"), "[", 1)))
    candDrivers <- gsub(" ", "_", sort(intersect(ogrDGRASSs, ogrDw)))
    if (!is.null(driver)) {
        driver <- gsub(" ", "_", driver)
        stopifnot(is.character(driver))
        stopifnot(length(driver) == 1)
        stopifnot(driver %in% candDrivers)
    } else {
        preferDriver <- c("SQLite", "ESRI_Shapefile")
        for (d in preferDriver) {
            if (d %in% candDrivers) {
                driver <- d
                break
            }
        }
    }
    stopifnot(!is.null(driver))

    tryCatch(
        {
#FIXME
            fDrivers <- c("GML", "SQLite")
            dDrivers <- c("ESRI_Shapefile", "MapInfo_File")
            is_dDriver <- TRUE
            if (gsub(" ", "_", driver) %in% fDrivers) is_dDriver <- FALSE
            type <- NULL
            if (class(SDF) == "SpatialPointsDataFrame") type <- "point"
            if (class(SDF) == "SpatialLinesDataFrame") type <- "line"
            if (class(SDF) == "SpatialPolygonsDataFrame") type <- "boundary"
            if (is.null(type)) stop("Unknown data class")

            pid <- as.integer(round(runif(1, 1, 1000)))
            gtmpfl1 <- execGRASS("g.tempfile", pid=pid,
                 intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
            gtmpfl1_dir <- dirname(gtmpfl1)
            unlink(gtmpfl1)
            if (is_dDriver) gtmpfl1 <- gtmpfl1_dir
            rtmpfl1 <- ifelse(.Platform$OS.type == "windows" &&
                (Sys.getenv("OSTYPE") == "cygwin"), 
                system(paste("cygpath -w", gtmpfl1, sep=" "), intern=TRUE), 
                    gtmpfl1)

           fieldNameFix <- FALSE
           shname <- vname
           if (driver == "ESRI_Shapefile") {
               shname <- substring(vname, 1, ifelse(nchar(vname) > 8, 8, 
                                             nchar(vname)))
                cnamesLen <- nchar(as.character(names(SDF)))
                if (any(cnamesLen > 10)) {
                    fieldNameFix <- TRUE
                } else {
                    fieldNameFix <- FALSE
                }
            } else {
                fieldNameFix <- FALSE
            }

            GDSN <- gtmpfl1
            RDSN <- rtmpfl1
            LAYER <- shname

            if (fieldNameFix) {
              tryCatch(
                {
                      rgdal::writeOGR(SDF, dsn=RDSN, layer=LAYER, 
                          driver=gsub("_", " ", driver), overwrite_layer=TRUE)

                    
                    execGRASS("v.in.ogr", flags=v.in.ogr_flags,
                              input=GDSN, output=vname, 
                              layer=as.character(LAYER),
# 20150818 avoid field name shortening 
                              columns=c("cat", names(SDF)),
                              ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
                },
                finally = {
#                    if (.Platform$OS.type != "windows") {
                    if (is_dDriver) {
                        unlink(paste(rtmpfl1, list.files(rtmpfl1,
                            pattern=shname), sep=.Platform$file.sep))
                    } else {
                         unlink(rtmpfl1)
                    }
                }
              )
            } else {
              tryCatch(
                {
                    if (driver == "SQLite") {
                      rgdal::writeOGR(SDF, dsn=RDSN, layer=LAYER, driver=driver,
                          layer_options="LAUNDER=NO", overwrite_layer=TRUE)
                    } else {
                      rgdal::writeOGR(SDF, dsn=RDSN, layer=LAYER,
                          driver=gsub("_", " ", driver),
                          overwrite_layer=TRUE)
                    }
                    
                    
                    execGRASS("v.in.ogr", flags=v.in.ogr_flags,
                              input=GDSN, output=vname, 
                              layer=as.character(LAYER),
                              ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
                },
                finally = {
                    if (.Platform$OS.type != "windows") {
                        unlink(paste(rtmpfl1, list.files(rtmpfl1, pattern=shname), 
                                     sep=.Platform$file.sep))
                    }
                }
              )
            }
        },
        finally = {
            if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
                tull <- set.echoCmdOption(inEchoCmd)
            }
        }
    )
}

vInfo <- function(vname, layer, ignore.stderr = NULL) {
        if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
            inEchoCmd <- get.echoCmdOption()
             tull <- set.echoCmdOption(FALSE)
        }
        if (is.null(ignore.stderr))
            ignore.stderr <- get("ignore.stderr", envir = .GRASS_CACHE)
        stopifnot(is.logical(ignore.stderr))

        if (missing(layer)) layer <- "1"
        layer <- as.character(layer)
	vinfo0 <- execGRASS("v.info", flags="t", map=vname,
            layer=layer, intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)

# fix to avoid locale problems 091022

        vinfo1 <- gsub("=", ":", vinfo0)
	con <- textConnection(vinfo1)
	res <- drop(read.dcf(con))
	close(con)
        if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
            tull <- set.echoCmdOption(inEchoCmd)
        }
	storage.mode(res) <- "integer"
	res
}

vColumns <- function(vname, layer, ignore.stderr = NULL) {
        if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
            inEchoCmd <- get.echoCmdOption()
             tull <- set.echoCmdOption(FALSE)
        }
        if (is.null(ignore.stderr))
            ignore.stderr <- get("ignore.stderr", envir = .GRASS_CACHE)
        stopifnot(is.logical(ignore.stderr))
        if (missing(layer)) layer <- "1"
        layer <- as.character(layer)
	vinfo0 <- execGRASS("v.info", flags="c", map=vname,
            layer=layer, intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)       
        vinfo1 <- strsplit(vinfo0, "\\|")
        vinfo2 <- vinfo1[sapply(vinfo1, length) == 2]
        if (length(vinfo1) != length(vinfo2))
            warning("vColumns: v.info -c output not in two columns:\n",
                paste(vinfo1[sapply(vinfo1, length) != 2]))
        res <- as.data.frame(do.call("rbind", vinfo2))
	names(res) <- c("storageType", "name")
        if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
            tull <- set.echoCmdOption(inEchoCmd)
        }
	res
}

vDataCount <- function(vname, layer, ignore.stderr = NULL) {
        if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
            inEchoCmd <- get.echoCmdOption()
             tull <- set.echoCmdOption(FALSE)
        }
        if (is.null(ignore.stderr))
            ignore.stderr <- get("ignore.stderr", envir = .GRASS_CACHE)
        stopifnot(is.logical(ignore.stderr))
        column <- "column" %in% parseGRASS("v.db.select")$pnames
        if (missing(layer)) layer <- "1"
        layer <- as.character(layer)
        parms <- list(map=vname, layer=as.character(layer), columns="cat")
        if (column) tull <- execGRASS("v.db.select", flags="c",
            parameters=parms, intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
        else tull <- execGRASS("v.db.select", flags="c",
            parameters=parms, intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
	n <- length(tull)
        if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
            tull <- set.echoCmdOption(inEchoCmd)
        }
	n
}


#Date: Thu, 13 Oct 2005 17:34:06 +0200
#From: Markus Neteler <[email protected]>
#
#EXERCISE: HOW LONG ARE COMMON BOUNDARIES OF POLYGONS?
#
#
## Requires: GRASS 6.1-CVS from 13 Oct 2005 or later
##
## data: sudden infant deaths data from North Carolina
## data imported from SHAPE file with v.in.ogr
#
##let's have a look
# d.mon x0
# d.vect sids
#
##we work on a copy:
# g.copy vect=sids,sids_nc
#
##we add a second layer to the map which references the boundaries of
##polygons. In the vector geometry we generate an ID (category) for each
##boundary:
# v.category sids_nc out=sids_nc2 layer=2 type=boundary option=add
#
##Underlying idea:
##we'll fetch the IDs (categories) of the polygons left and right from
##each boundary and store it into the attribute table linked to layer 2.
##In general:
## cat_of_boundary | cat_of_left_polygon | cat_of_right_polygon | length_of_boundary
##
##We want only one category per boundary, that's why the sides check is
##needed (a boundary may consist of several pieces)
##
##So we create a new attribute table and link it to the new layer 2
##of the vector map:
# v.db.addtable sids_nc2 layer=2 col="left integer,right integer,length integer"
#
##Now we query the polygon/boundary relationsships and store it into
##the attribute table linked to layer 2:
# v.to.db map=sids_nc2 option=sides col=left,right layer=2 
#
##Now we have unique categories for the boundaries and can calculate the
##lengths:
# v.to.db map=sids_nc2 option=length col=length layer=2 
#
##Done.
#
##See the new attribute table containing the boundary lengths:
# v.db.select sids_nc2 layer=2
#
## verification (let's check boundary #193):
# d.vect sids_nc2 cat=193 layer=2 col=red type=boundary
# d.zoom
# d.measure
## LEN:     12756.00 meters
#
##what does the attribute table say:
# v.db.select sids_nc2 layer=2 | grep '^193'
##190|65|68|12814
#
##This is reasonably close since on screen digitization in d.measure
##isn't always that precise ...
#

vect2neigh <- function(vname, ID=NULL, ignore.stderr = NULL, remove=TRUE,
    vname2=NULL, units="k") {

    if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
        inEchoCmd <- get.echoCmdOption()
        tull <- set.echoCmdOption(FALSE)
    }
    if (is.null(ignore.stderr))
        ignore.stderr <- get("ignore.stderr", envir = .GRASS_CACHE)
    stopifnot(is.logical(ignore.stderr))

    vinfo <- vInfo(vname)
    types <- names(vinfo)[which(vinfo > 0)]
    if (length(grep("areas", types)) == 0) 
		stop("Vector object not of area type")

    n <- vDataCount(vname, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)


    if (!is.null(ID)) {
		if (!is.character(ID)) stop("ID not character string")
#		cmd <- paste(paste("v.info", .addexe(), sep=""),
#                    " -c ", vname, sep="")
#		if(.Platform$OS.type == "windows") 
#			tull <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE)
#		else tull <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE, 
#			ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
                tull <- execGRASS("v.info", flags="c",
                        map=vname, intern=TRUE, 
			ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
		if (length(grep(ID, tull)) == 0)
			stop("ID not found")
#		cmd <- paste(paste("v.db.select", .addexe(), sep=""),
#                    " -c map=", vname, " column=", 
#			ID, sep="")
#		if(.Platform$OS.type == "windows") 
#			ID <- as.character(system(cmd, intern=TRUE))
#		else ID <- as.character(system(cmd, intern=TRUE, 
#			ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr))
                ID <- execGRASS("v.db.select", flags="c", 
                        map=vname, columns=ID, intern=TRUE, 
			ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr) 
		if (length(unique(ID)) != n) 
			stop("fewer than n unique ID values")
    }
    vname2_was_null <- FALSE
    if (is.null(vname2)) {
	
	pid <- as.integer(round(runif(1, 1, 1000)))
	vname2 <- paste(vname, pid, sep="")
#	cmd <- paste(paste("g.copy", .addexe(), sep=""),
#                    " vect=", vname, ",", vname2, sep="")
#	if(.Platform$OS.type == "windows") tull <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE)
#	else tull <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
        tull <- execGRASS("g.copy", vector=paste(vname, 
            vname2, sep=","), intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
        vname2_was_null <- TRUE
    }
    vname2a <- paste(vname2, "a", sep="")
    if (vname2_was_null) {
#	cmd <- paste(paste("v.category", .addexe(), sep=""),
#                    " ", vname2, " out=", vname2a, 
#		"  layer=2 type=boundary option=add", sep="")
#	if(.Platform$OS.type == "windows") tull <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE)
#	else tull <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
        tull <- execGRASS("v.category", input=vname2,
                output=vname2a, layer=as.character(2), type="boundary",
                option="add", flags="overwrite", intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)

#	cmd <- paste(paste("v.db.addtable", .addexe(), sep=""),
#                    " ", vname2a, 
#	" layer=2 col=\"left integer,right integer,length double precision\"", 
#	sep="")
#	if(.Platform$OS.type == "windows") system(cmd)
#	else system(cmd, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
        execGRASS("v.db.addtable", map=vname2a, 
                layer=as.integer(2),
                columns="left integer,right integer,length double precision",
                ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)

# Using vector map name extended by layer number as table name: landuse175a_2
#Creating table with columns (cat integer, left integer,right integer,length
# double precision)
# The table <landuse175a_2> is now part of vector map <landuse175a> and may
# be deleted or overwritten by GRASS modules
# Select privileges were granted on the table
# Reading features...
# 
# and: no such driver available
# WARNING: Unable to start driver <and>
# ERROR: Unable to open database <C:\Documents> by driver <and>
# Current attribute table links:
# layer <1> table <landuse175a> in database <C:\Documents and Settings\s1155\My Documents\GIS DataBase/Spearfish60/s1155/dbf/> through driver <dbf> with key <cat>
# layer <2> table <landuse175a_2> in database <C:\Documents> through driver <and> with key <cat>
# Vector map <[email protected]> is connected by:


#	cmd <- paste(paste("v.to.db", .addexe(), sep=""),
#                    " map=", vname2a, 
#		" option=sides col=left,right layer=2", sep="")
#	if(.Platform$OS.type == "windows") system(cmd)
#	else system(cmd, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
        execGRASS("v.to.db", map=vname2a, option="sides",
                columns="left,right", layer=as.character(2),
                ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)

#	cmd <- paste(paste("v.to.db", .addexe(), sep=""),
#                    " map=", vname2a, 
#		" option=length col=length layer=2", sep="")
#	if(.Platform$OS.type == "windows") system(cmd)
#	else system(cmd, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
        execGRASS("v.to.db", map=vname2a, option="length",
                columns="length", layer=as.character(2), units=units,
                ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)

#	cmd <- paste(paste("v.db.select", .addexe(), sep=""),
#                    " ", vname2a, " layer=2", sep="")
#
#	if(.Platform$OS.type == "windows") res <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE)
#	else res <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
    }
    res <- execGRASS("v.db.select", map=vname2a,
          layer=as.character(2), flags="overwrite", intern=TRUE,
          ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)

#	cmd <- paste(paste("g.remove", .addexe(), sep=""),
#                    " vect=", vname2, ",", vname2a, sep="")
#	if(.Platform$OS.type == "windows") tull <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE)
#	else tull <- system(cmd, intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)
    if (remove) tull <- execGRASS("g.remove",
            name=paste(vname2, vname2a, sep=","), type="vector",
            intern=TRUE, ignore.stderr=ignore.stderr)

    con <- textConnection(res)
    t2 <- read.table(con, sep="|", header=TRUE, row.names=1)
    close(con)
    t3 <- t2[t2$left == -1,]
    t4 <- tapply(t3$length, t3$right, sum)
    external <- numeric(n)
    external[as.integer(names(t4))] <- t4
    t5 <- t2[!t2$left == -1,]
    tmp <- t5$left
    t5$left <- t5$right
    t5$right <- tmp
    t6 <- rbind(t2, t5)
    total <- c(tapply(t6$length, t6$right, sum))
    res <- t6[!t6$left == -1,]
#       avoid integer overflow in by=
#	res <- aggregate(res[3], by=list(left=res$left, right=res$right), sum)
#        dups <- duplicated(res[,1:2])
#        resd <- res[dups,]
#        resda <- aggregate(resd[3], by=list(left=resd$left,
#            right=resd$right), sum)
#        resnd <- res[!dups,]
#        res <- rbind(resda, resnd)
    zz <- paste(res$left, res$right, sep=":")
    uzz <- unique(zz)
    mo <- match(zz, uzz)
    smo <- c(tapply(res[,3], mo, sum))
    names(smo) <- NULL
    suzz <- strsplit(uzz, ":")
    lsuzz <- as.integer(sapply(suzz, "[", 1))
    rsuzz <- as.integer(sapply(suzz, "[", 2))
    reso <- data.frame(left=lsuzz, right=rsuzz, length=smo)
    o <- order(reso$left, reso$right)
    reso <- reso[o,]
    attr(reso, "external") <- external
    attr(reso, "total") <- total
    attr(reso, "region.id") <- ID
    attr(reso, "n") <- n
    class(reso) <- c(class(reso), "GRASSneigh", "spatial.neighbour")
    if (get.suppressEchoCmdInFuncOption()) {
        tull <- set.echoCmdOption(inEchoCmd)
    }

    reso
}

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rgrass7 documentation built on Sept. 28, 2018, 9:04 a.m.