typical_value: Return the typical value of a vector

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Examples

View source: R/typical.R

Description

This function returns the "typical" value of a variable.

Usage

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typical_value(x, fun = "mean", ...)

Arguments

x

A variable.

fun

Character vector, naming the function to be applied to x. Currently, "mean", "weighted.mean", "median" and "mode" are supported, which call the corresponding R functions (except "mode", which calls an internal function to compute the most common value). "zero" simply returns 0. Note: By default, if x is a factor, only fun = "mode" is applicable; for all other values (including the default, "mean") the reference level of x is returned. For character vectors, only the mode is returned. You can use a named vector to apply other different functions to numeric and categorical x, where factor are first converted to numeric vectors, e.g. fun = c(numeric = "median", factor = "mean"). See 'Examples'.

...

Further arguments, passed down to fun.

Details

By default, for numeric variables, typical_value() returns the mean value of x (unless changed with the fun-argument).

For factors, the reference level is returned or the most common value (if fun = "mode"), unless fun is a named vector. If fun is a named vector, specify the function for numeric and categorical variables as element names, e.g. fun = c(numeric = "median", factor = "mean"). In this case, factors are converted to numeric values (using to_value) and the related function is applied. You may abbreviate the names fun = c(n = "median", f = "mean"). See also 'Examples'.

For character vectors the most common value (mode) is returned.

Value

The "typical" value of x.

Examples

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data(iris)
typical_value(iris$Sepal.Length)

library(purrr)
map(iris, ~ typical_value(.x))

# example from ?stats::weighted.mean
wt <- c(5,  5,  4,  1) / 15
x <- c(3.7, 3.3, 3.5, 2.8)

typical_value(x, "weighted.mean")
typical_value(x, "weighted.mean", w = wt)

# for factors, return either reference level or mode value
set.seed(123)
x <- sample(iris$Species, size = 30, replace = TRUE)
typical_value(x)
typical_value(x, fun = "mode")

# for factors, use a named vector to apply other functions than "mode"
map(iris, ~ typical_value(.x, fun = c(n = "median", f = "mean")))

sjstats documentation built on Nov. 23, 2017, 1:05 a.m.