hyytiala: Scots pines and other trees at Hyytiala

Description Usage Source References Examples


This dataset is a spatial point pattern of trees recorded at Hyytiala, Finland. The majority of the trees are Scots pines. See Kokkila et al (2002).

The dataset hyytiala is a point pattern (object of class "ppp") containing the spatial coordinates of each tree, marked by species (a factor with levels aspen, birch, pine and rowan). The survey region is a 20 by 20 metre square. Coordinates are given in metres.




Nicolas Picard


Kokkila, T., Makela, A. and Nikinmaa E. (2002) A method for generating stand structures using Gibbs marked point process. Silva Fennica 36 265–277.

Picard, N, Bar-Hen, A., Mortier, F. and Chadoeuf, J. (2009) The multi-scale marked area-interaction point process: a model for the spatial pattern of trees. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics 36 23–41


plot(hyytiala, cols=2:5)

spatstat documentation built on May 20, 2017, 5:36 a.m.
Search within the spatstat package
Search all R packages, documentation and source code

Questions? Problems? Suggestions? Tweet to @rdrrHQ or email at ian@mutexlabs.com.

Please suggest features or report bugs in the GitHub issue tracker.

All documentation is copyright its authors; we didn't write any of that.