Attributable Risk Analysis for Probability Survey Data

Description

This function organizes input and output for attributable risk analysis of categorical data generated by a probability survey.

Usage

1
2
3
4
5
attrisk.analysis(sites=NULL, subpop=NULL, design, data.ar, response.var,
   stressor.var, response.levels=rep(list(c("Poor","Good")),
   length(response.var)), stressor.levels=rep(list(c("Poor","Good")),
   length(stressor.var)), popcorrect=FALSE, pcfsize=NULL, N.cluster=NULL,
   stage1size=NULL, sizeweight=FALSE, vartype="Local", conf=95)

Arguments

sites

a data frame consisting of two variables: the first variable is site IDs, and the second variable is a logical vector indicating which sites to use in the analysis. The default is NULL.

subpop

a data frame describing sets of populations and subpopulations for which estimates will be calculated. The first variable is site IDs. Each subsequent variable identifies a Type of population, where the variable name is used to identify Type. A Type variable identifies each site with one of the subpopulations of that Type. The default is NULL.

design

a data frame consisting of design variables. Variables should be named as follows:
siteID = site IDs
wgt = final adjusted weights, which are either the weights for a single-stage sample or the stage two weights for a two-stage sample
xcoord = x-coordinates for location, which are either the x-coordinates for a single-stage sample or the stage two x-coordinates for a two-stage sample
ycoord = y-coordinates for location, which are either the y-coordinates for a single-stage sample or the stage two y-coordinates for a two-stage sample
stratum = the stratum codes
cluster = the stage one sampling unit (primary sampling unit or cluster) codes
wgt1 = final adjusted stage one weights
xcoord1 = the stage one x-coordinates for location
ycoord1 = the stage one y-coordinates for location
support = support values - the value one (1) for a site from a finite resource or the measure of the sampling unit associated with a site from an extensive resource, which is required for calculation of finite and continuous population correction factors
swgt = size-weights, which is the stage two size-weight for a two- stage sample
swgt1 = stage one size-weights

data.ar

data frame of categorical response and stressor variables, where each variable consists of two categories. If response or stressor variables include more than two categories, occurrences of those categories must be removed or replaced with missing values. The first column of this argument is site IDs. Subsequent columns are response and stressor variables. Missing data (NA) is allowed.

response.var

character vector providing names of columns in argument data.ar that contain a response variable, where names may be repeated. Each name in this argument is matched with the corresponding value in the stressor.var argument.

stressor.var

character vector providing names of columns in argument data.ar that contain a stressor variable, where names may be repeated. Each name in this argument is matched with the corresponding value in the response.var argument. This argument must be the same length as argument response.var.

response.levels

list providing the category values (levels) for each element in the response.var argument. This argument must be the same length as argument response.var. The default is a list containing the values "Poor" and "Good" for the first and second levels, respectively, of each element in the response.var argument.

stressor.levels

list providing the category values (levels) for each element in the stressor.var argument. This argument must be the same length as argument response.var. The default is a list containing the values "Poor" and "Good" for the first and second levels, respectively, of each element in the stressor.var argument.

popcorrect

a logical value that indicates whether finite or continuous population correction factors should be employed during variance estimation, where TRUE = use the correction factor and FALSE = do not use the correction factor. The default is FALSE. To employ the correction factor for a single-stage sample, values must be supplied for argument pcfsize and for the support variable of the design argument. To employ the correction factor for a two-stage sample, values must be supplied for arguments N.cluster and stage1size, and for the support variable of the design argument.

pcfsize

size of the resource, which is required for calculation of finite and continuous population correction factors for a single-stage sample. For a stratified sample this argument must be a vector containing a value for each stratum and must have the names attribute set to identify the stratum codes. The default is NULL.

N.cluster

the number of stage one sampling units in the resource, which is required for calculation of finite and continuous population correction factors for a two-stage sample. For a stratified sample this variable must be a vector containing a value for each stratum and must have the names attribute set to identify the stratum codes. The default is NULL.

stage1size

size of the stage one sampling units of a two-stage sample, which is required for calculation of finite and continuous population correction factors for a two-stage sample and must have the names attribute set to identify the stage one sampling unit codes. For a stratified sample, the names attribute must be set to identify both stratum codes and stage one sampling unit codes using a convention where the two codes are separated by the & symbol, e.g., "Stratum 1&Cluster 1". The default is NULL.

sizeweight

a logical value that indicates whether size-weights should be used in the analysis, where TRUE = use the size-weights and FALSE = do not use the size-weights. The default is FALSE.

vartype

the choice of variance estimator, where "Local" = local mean estimator and "SRS" = SRS estimator. The default is "Local".

conf

the confidence level. The default is 95%.

Value

Value is a data frame of attributable risk estimates for all combinations of population Types, subpopulations within Types, and response variables. Standard error and confidence interval estimates also are provided.

Author(s)

Tom Kincaid Kincaid.Tom@epa.gov

References

Sarndal, C.E., B. Swensson, and J. Wretman. (1992). Model Assisted Survey Sampling. Springer-Verlag, New York.

See Also

attrisk.est

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
mysiteID <- paste("Site", 1:100, sep="")
mysites <- data.frame(siteID=mysiteID, Active=rep(TRUE, 100))
mysubpop <- data.frame(siteID=mysiteID, All.Sites=rep("All Sites", 100),
  Resource.Class=rep(c("Agr", "Forest"), c(55,45)))
mydesign <- data.frame(siteID=mysiteID, wgt=runif(100, 10, 100),
  xcoord=runif(100), ycoord=runif(100), stratum=rep(c("Stratum1",
  "Stratum2"), 50))
mydata.ar <- data.frame(siteID=mysiteID, RespVar1=sample(c("Poor", "Good"),
  100, replace=TRUE), RespVar2=sample(c("Poor", "Good"), 100, replace=TRUE),
  StressVar=sample(c("Poor", "Good"), 100, replace=TRUE), wgt=runif(100, 10,
  100))
attrisk.analysis(sites=mysites, subpop=mysubpop, design=mydesign,
  data.ar=mydata.ar, response.var=c("RespVar1", "RespVar2"),
  stressor.var=rep("StressVar", 2))

Want to suggest features or report bugs for rdrr.io? Use the GitHub issue tracker.