clusGPS: Computation of cluster density estimates for cluster contour...

Description Usage Arguments Value Methods Author(s) Examples

Description

After performing a pre-merging step so that all clusters have a minimum size, semiparametric bayesian density is estimated using a Dirichlet process mixture of normals. This is used both to compute bayesian mis-classification posterior probabilities (correct classification rates) and to estimate probability contours which can be visualized on the MDS map.

The functions contour2dDP and plotContour functions can be used to compute bayesian density estimates for a given set of elements (points) from a pre-generated 2D MDS object. These functions are used internally by clusGPS to draw cluster contours but are also useful to visualize other type of contours over the map (ie genes from a given Gene Ontology term, having a specific epigenetic mark of interest, etc).

The S4 accessors clusNames,tabClusters and clusterID retrieve information stored within a clusGPS object.

Usage

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clusGPS(d, m, h, sel=NULL, id=NULL, grid, ngrid=1000, densgrid=FALSE, preMerge=TRUE, type = "hclust", method =
"average", samplesize = 1, p.adjust = TRUE, k, mc.cores = 1,
set.seed = 149, verbose=TRUE, minpoints=70,...)
contour2dDP(x, ngrid, grid = NULL, probContour = 0.5, xlim, ylim, 
    labels = "", labcex = 0.01, col = colors()[393], lwd = 4, 
    lty = 1, contour.type = "single", contour.fill = FALSE,
minpoints=100, ...)
clusNames(clus)
tabClusters(clus,name)
clusterID(clus,name)

Arguments

d

Object of class distGPS with the pairwise observed dissimilarities between elements.

m

(Optional). Object of class mds with a MDS object generated from the distances in d. Only MDS type "boostMDS" is available. The mds function performs an optimization of the approximated distances in m in order to improve R-square correlation between them and the observed dissimilarities en d, maximizing goodness of fit.

h

(Optional). Object of class hclust with a pre-calculated clustering for the elements in d.

sel

(Optional). Logical vector indicating which elements from d will be used for performing hierarchical clustering with average linkage. This is useful if we want to focus on a given set of points only (i.e. those from a big cluster which we want to study in more detail).

id

(Optional). Label of the cluster which we want to further subdivide, ignoring points from all other clusters. Deprecated, use parameter sel specified above.

grid

Matrix of dimension ngrid*nvar giving the diagonal points of the grid where the density estimate is evaluated. The default value is NULL: grid dimensions are chosen according to the range of the data, and granularity is automatically determined according to data density, in order to provide a more accurate estimation in high density areas, where more resolution is needed.

ngrid

Number of grid points where the density estimate is evaluated. This argument is ignored if a grid is specified. The default value is 1000. Higher values are recommended if data presents very high density areas.

densgrid

Set to true to generate grid points from the quantile distribution of the data using the grid size defined by ngrid. This is useful if the data presents areas of very different density, ranging from very sparse to extremely dense areas, optimizing grid granularity where is necessary, therefore improving resolution of density estimation and reducing computation time.

preMerge

If TRUE will perform a first pre-merging step so that any cluster smaller than minpoints gets merged with its closest cluster based on their centroid distances. This is performed until no clusters < minpoints exist.

type

Type of clustering to be performed. Currently only "hclust" (Agglomerative Nesting) is supported, but any other clustering type can be used by providing a pre-calculated object h. This variable is to become deprecated, since clusGPS will only work with a precomputed clustering.

method

Clustering method. See hclust for details. This variable is to become deprecated, since clusGPS will only work with a precomputed clustering.

samplesize

Proportion of elements to sample for computing clustering and density estimation. This is useful to generate density contours from a subset of the data, speeding up computation.

p.adjust

Set to TRUE to adjust the bayesian posterior probabilities of mis-classification.

k

Integer vector indicating the number of clusters on which density estimation will be computed for mis-classification or contour calculation.

mc.cores

Number of cores to be used for parallel computation with the parallel package.

set.seed

If samplesize<1, random seed to be used to perform random sampling of the data.

verbose

Set to TRUE to output clustering process information.

minpoints

If preMerge is FALSE, then the algorithm will ignore clusters with fewer than minpoints elements. This is useful if the clustering method used tends to generate many very small clusters of limited use and difficult interpretation and for which density estimates may not be correctly computed. The default method is to preMerge clusters since this ensures density estimation is available for all clusters and helps interpreting the map, since no elements are ignored.

x

Numeric matrix indicating coordinates of the points for which a probability contour is calculated in contour2dDP.

probContour

Numeric matrix indicating coordinates of the points for which a probability contour is calculated in contour2dDP.

contour.type

For contour2dDP, type of contour, either 'single' (surrounding the points within the given probContour probability) or 'multiple' to generate terrain-like density contour lines.

contour.fill

Deprecated.

xlim,ylim,labels,labcex,col,lwd,lty

Graphical parameters given to contour2dDP.

clus

A valid clusGPS object from which we want to extract information.

name

Character indicating a valid name within a clusGPS object, from which we want to extract information.

...

Additional parameters.

Value

The function clusGPS returns an object of class clusGPS. See help for clusGPS-methods for details. contour2dDP returns a DPdensity object with density contour information which can be plotted as 2D contours with our plotContour function, as well as with the plot function from the DPpackage package.

Methods

signature(d='distGPS',m='mds')

Hierarchical clustering is performed for the elements whose pairwise distances are given in d. For each cluster partition given in k, cluster identity for each element is returned, and semiparametric bayesian density estimation is computed using the point density information from m.

plot

signature(m = "clusGPS"): S4 plot method for clusGPS objects.

clusNames

signature(m = "clusGPS"): Retrieves names of the clustering configurations stored in clusGPS objects, one for each distance threshold indicated in k, that get automatically named accordingly.

tabClusters

signature(m = "clusGPS"): Returns a table with the number of elements in each of the clusters found for an existing clustering configuration with name name within the clusGPS object.

clusterID

signature(m = "clusGPS"): Returns a vector of cluster assignments for all the elements in an existing clustering configuration name within the clusGPS object.

Author(s)

Oscar Reina

Examples

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# Not run
# data(s2)
# # Computing distances
# d <- distGPS(s2.tab,metric='tanimoto',uniqueRows=TRUE)
# # Creating MDS object
# mds1 <- mds(d,type='isoMDS')
# mds1
# plot(mds1)
# Precomputing clustering
# h <- hclust(as.dist([email protected]),method='average')
# # Calculating densities (contours and probabilities), takes a while
# clus <- clusGPS(d,mds1,preMerge=TRUE,k=max(cutree(h,h=0.5)))
# # clus contains information for contours and probabilities
# plot(clus,type='contours',k=125,lwd=3,probContour=.75)
# plot(clus,type='stats',k=125,ylim=c(0,1))
# plot(clus,type='avgstat')
# plot(clus,type='density',k=3,ask=TRUE,xlim=range([email protected]),ylim=range(md[email protected]))

Bioconductor-mirror/chroGPS documentation built on June 1, 2017, 5:32 a.m.