Defines functions cai

Documented in cai

#' Codon adaptation index
#' Calculates the codon adaptation index (CAI) for each codon
#' @param x a KZsqns object, for which CAI will be calculated
#' @param ref a named numeric array of relative adaptiveness (0 to 1) of each codon from a species-specific reference set of very highly expressed genes. The array should have a length of 64 with 0 filled in at the stop codons. The name of each number is the corresponding char array of codon. For example, "AAA" or "Aaa" represent the same codon. Upper case letters can be mixed with lower case letters.
#' @param ref_spp a char sequence of species name to use. "ecoli" = \emph{Escherichia coli}; "bsubt" = \emph{Bacillus subtilis}; "scere" = \emph{Saccharomyces cerevisiae}; When specified, it overides the value set by \emph{ref}
#' @param y an optional number denoting the codon table to be used. 0 = standard codon table (default), 2 = vertibrate mitchodrial (See dna2aa for additional options). When an option other than those mentioned above is provided, the standard codon table will be used
#' @param threthold a number below which the adaptiveness will be forced to \emph{lower_bound}
#' @param lower_bound a number to which values of adaptiveness below the \emph{threshold} will be forced
#' @return a number denoting the CAI for the provided sequence
#' @details When any reference codon has a relative usage value of zero and the codon sequence to be calculated has such a codon, the CAI for this sequence would be zeroed out. \emph{lower_bound} and \emph{threthold} are there to prevent such an undesired result.
#' There is a helper method \emph{cai_crt} to calculate the reference table from a given reference set of highly expressed genes.  It is the intention of the authors to keep this helper method seperate from the CAI method, and the user can device their own rules about how to construct a reference table by creating their own reference table or helper method.
#' @source
#' The reference set of very highly expressed genes for \emph{E. coli}, \emph{B. subtilis} and \emph{S. cerevisiae} [1][2].
#' @references [1] Sharp, P. M., & Li, W.-H. (1986). Codon usage in regulatory genes in Escherichia coli does not reflect selection for 'rare'codons. Nucleic acids research, 14(19), 7737-7749.
#' [2] Shields, D. C., & Sharp, P. M. (1987). Synonymous codon usage in Bacillus subtilis reflects both translational selection and mutational biases. Nucleic acids research, 15(19), 8023-8040.
#' @examples
#' @export

cai <- function(x, ref_spp='n', ref, y = 0, threthold = 0.005, lower_bound = 0.005){
                         'ecoli' = {
                           ref = cai_ref$ecoli
                         'bsubt' = {
                           ref = cai_ref$bsubt
                         'scere' = {
                           ref = cai_ref$scere
         'n' = {
           if(class(ref)!='numeric' || length(ref)!=64 || is.null(names(ref))) stop("A named numeric array of length 64 is expected")
                           stop("Not a valid species name. Options include 'ecoli', 'bsubt' and 'scere'.")
  cTable = arg_check(x, 'KZsqns',y)

  temp = table(cTable[,2])
  exclude = which(cTable[,2] %in% c('*', names(temp)[which(temp==1)]))
  ref[ref<threthold] <- lower_bound
  ref = ref[cTable[-exclude,1]]

  xt = rep(0, 64)
  names(xt) <- cTable[,1]
  tx = table(x)[cTable[,1]]
  tx = colSums(rbind(xt, tx), na.rm = T)
  tx = tx[-exclude]


HVoltBb/kondonz documentation built on Jan. 11, 2020, 3:30 a.m.