R/theme-elements.r

Defines functions validate_element el_def element_grob.element_line element_grob.element_text element_grob.element_rect element_grob.element_blank element_grob len0_null element_render is.rel print.rel rel print.element element_text element_line element_rect element_blank

Documented in element_blank element_grob element_line element_rect element_text is.rel rel

#' Theme elements
#'
#' @description
#' In conjunction with the \link{theme} system, the `element_` functions
#' specify the display of how non-data components of the plot are a drawn.
#'
#'   - `element_blank`: draws nothing, and assigns no space.
#'   - `element_rect`: borders and backgrounds.
#'   - `element_line`: lines.
#'   - `element_text`: text.
#'
#' `rel()` is used to specify sizes relative to the parent,
#' `margins()` is used to specify the margins of elements.
#'
#' @param fill Fill colour.
#' @param colour,color Line/border colour. Color is an alias for colour.
#' @param size Line/border size in mm; text size in pts.
#' @param inherit.blank Should this element inherit the existence of an
#'   `element_blank` among its parents? If `TRUE` the existence of
#'   a blank element among its parents will cause this element to be blank as
#'   well. If `FALSE` any blank parent element will be ignored when
#'   calculating final element state.
#' @return An S3 object of class `element`, `rel`, or `margin`.
#' @examples
#' plot <- ggplot(mpg, aes(displ, hwy)) + geom_point()
#'
#' plot + theme(
#'   panel.background = element_blank(),
#'   axis.text = element_blank()
#' )
#'
#' plot + theme(
#'   axis.text = element_text(colour = "red", size = rel(1.5))
#' )
#'
#' plot + theme(
#'   axis.line = element_line(arrow = arrow())
#' )
#'
#' plot + theme(
#'   panel.background = element_rect(fill = "white"),
#'   plot.margin = margin(2, 2, 2, 2, "cm"),
#'   plot.background = element_rect(
#'     fill = "grey90",
#'     colour = "black",
#'     size = 1
#'   )
#' )
#' @name element
#' @aliases NULL
NULL

#' @export
#' @rdname element
element_blank <- function() {
  structure(
    list(),
    class = c("element_blank", "element")
  )
}

#' @export
#' @rdname element
element_rect <- function(fill = NULL, colour = NULL, size = NULL,
  linetype = NULL, color = NULL, inherit.blank = FALSE) {

  if (!is.null(color))  colour <- color
  structure(
    list(fill = fill, colour = colour, size = size, linetype = linetype,
         inherit.blank = inherit.blank),
    class = c("element_rect", "element")
  )
}

#' @export
#' @rdname element
#' @param linetype Line type. An integer (0:8), a name (blank, solid,
#'    dashed, dotted, dotdash, longdash, twodash), or a string with
#'    an even number (up to eight) of hexadecimal digits which give the
#'    lengths in consecutive positions in the string.
#' @param lineend Line end Line end style (round, butt, square)
#' @param arrow Arrow specification, as created by [grid::arrow()]
element_line <- function(colour = NULL, size = NULL, linetype = NULL,
  lineend = NULL, color = NULL, arrow = NULL, inherit.blank = FALSE) {

  if (!is.null(color))  colour <- color
  if (is.null(arrow)) arrow <- FALSE
  structure(
    list(colour = colour, size = size, linetype = linetype, lineend = lineend,
      arrow = arrow, inherit.blank = inherit.blank),
    class = c("element_line", "element")
  )
}


#' @param family Font family
#' @param face Font face ("plain", "italic", "bold", "bold.italic")
#' @param hjust Horizontal justification (in \eqn{[0, 1]})
#' @param vjust Vertical justification (in \eqn{[0, 1]})
#' @param angle Angle (in \eqn{[0, 360]})
#' @param lineheight Line height
#' @param margin Margins around the text. See [margin()] for more
#'   details. When creating a theme, the margins should be placed on the
#'   side of the text facing towards the center of the plot.
#' @param debug If `TRUE`, aids visual debugging by drawing a solid
#'   rectangle behind the complete text area, and a point where each label
#'   is anchored.
#' @export
#' @rdname element
element_text <- function(family = NULL, face = NULL, colour = NULL,
  size = NULL, hjust = NULL, vjust = NULL, angle = NULL, lineheight = NULL,
  color = NULL, margin = NULL, debug = NULL, inherit.blank = FALSE) {

  if (!is.null(color))  colour <- color
  structure(
    list(family = family, face = face, colour = colour, size = size,
      hjust = hjust, vjust = vjust, angle = angle, lineheight = lineheight,
      margin = margin, debug = debug, inherit.blank = inherit.blank),
    class = c("element_text", "element")
  )
}


#' @export
print.element <- function(x, ...) utils::str(x)


#' @param x A single number specifying size relative to parent element.
#' @rdname element
#' @export
rel <- function(x) {
  structure(x, class = "rel")
}

#' @export
print.rel <- function(x, ...) print(noquote(paste(x, " *", sep = "")))

#' Reports whether x is a rel object
#' @param x An object to test
#' @keywords internal
is.rel <- function(x) inherits(x, "rel")

# Given a theme object and element name, return a grob for the element
element_render <- function(theme, element, ..., name = NULL) {

  # Get the element from the theme, calculating inheritance
  el <- calc_element(element, theme)
  if (is.null(el)) {
    message("Theme element ", element, " missing")
    return(zeroGrob())
  }

  grob <- element_grob(el, ...)
  ggname(paste(element, name, sep = "."), grob)
}


# Returns NULL if x is length 0
len0_null <- function(x) {
  if (length(x) == 0)  NULL
  else                 x
}


#' Generate grid grob from theme element
#'
#' @param element Theme element, i.e. `element_rect` or similar.
#' @param ... Other arguments to control specific of rendering. This is
#'   usually at least position. See the source code for individual methods.
#' @keywords internal
#' @export
element_grob <- function(element, ...) {
  UseMethod("element_grob")
}

#' @export
element_grob.element_blank <- function(element, ...)  zeroGrob()

#' @export
element_grob.element_rect <- function(element, x = 0.5, y = 0.5,
  width = 1, height = 1,
  fill = NULL, colour = NULL, size = NULL, linetype = NULL, ...) {

  # The gp settings can override element_gp
  gp <- gpar(lwd = len0_null(size * .pt), col = colour, fill = fill, lty = linetype)
  element_gp <- gpar(lwd = len0_null(element$size * .pt), col = element$colour,
    fill = element$fill, lty = element$linetype)

  rectGrob(x, y, width, height, gp = utils::modifyList(element_gp, gp), ...)
}


#' @export
element_grob.element_text <- function(element, label = "", x = NULL, y = NULL,
  family = NULL, face = NULL, colour = NULL, size = NULL,
  hjust = NULL, vjust = NULL, angle = NULL, lineheight = NULL,
  margin = NULL, margin_x = FALSE, margin_y = FALSE, ...) {

  if (is.null(label))
    return(zeroGrob())

  vj <- vjust %||% element$vjust
  hj <- hjust %||% element$hjust
  margin <- margin %||% element$margin

  angle <- angle %||% element$angle %||% 0

  # The gp settings can override element_gp
  gp <- gpar(fontsize = size, col = colour,
    fontfamily = family, fontface = face,
    lineheight = lineheight)
  element_gp <- gpar(fontsize = element$size, col = element$colour,
    fontfamily = element$family, fontface = element$face,
    lineheight = element$lineheight)

  titleGrob(label, x, y, hjust = hj, vjust = vj, angle = angle,
    gp = utils::modifyList(element_gp, gp), margin = margin,
    margin_x = margin_x, margin_y = margin_y, debug = element$debug)
}



#' @export
element_grob.element_line <- function(element, x = 0:1, y = 0:1,
  colour = NULL, size = NULL, linetype = NULL, lineend = NULL,
  default.units = "npc", id.lengths = NULL, ...) {

  # The gp settings can override element_gp
  gp <- gpar(lwd = len0_null(size * .pt), col = colour, lty = linetype, lineend = lineend)
  element_gp <- gpar(lwd = len0_null(element$size * .pt), col = element$colour,
    lty = element$linetype, lineend = element$lineend)
  arrow <- if (is.logical(element$arrow) && !element$arrow) {
    NULL
  } else {
    element$arrow
  }
  polylineGrob(
    x, y, default.units = default.units,
    gp = utils::modifyList(element_gp, gp),
    id.lengths = id.lengths, arrow = arrow, ...
  )
}



# Define an element's class and what other elements it inherits from
#
# @param class The name of class (like "element_line", "element_text",
#  or the reserved "character", which means a character vector (not
#  "character" class)
# @param inherit A vector of strings, naming the elements that this
#  element inherits from.
el_def <- function(class = NULL, inherit = NULL, description = NULL) {
  list(class = class, inherit = inherit, description = description)
}


# This data structure represents the theme elements and the inheritance
# among them. (In the future, .element_tree should be removed in favor
# of direct assignment to ggplot_global$element_tree, see below.)
.element_tree <- list(
  line                = el_def("element_line"),
  rect                = el_def("element_rect"),
  text                = el_def("element_text"),
  title               = el_def("element_text", "text"),
  axis.line           = el_def("element_line", "line"),
  axis.text           = el_def("element_text", "text"),
  axis.title          = el_def("element_text", "title"),
  axis.ticks          = el_def("element_line", "line"),
  legend.key.size     = el_def("unit"),
  panel.grid          = el_def("element_line", "line"),
  panel.grid.major    = el_def("element_line", "panel.grid"),
  panel.grid.minor    = el_def("element_line", "panel.grid"),
  strip.text          = el_def("element_text", "text"),

  axis.line.x         = el_def("element_line", "axis.line"),
  axis.line.x.top     = el_def("element_line", "axis.line.x"),
  axis.line.x.bottom  = el_def("element_line", "axis.line.x"),
  axis.line.y         = el_def("element_line", "axis.line"),
  axis.line.y.left    = el_def("element_line", "axis.line.y"),
  axis.line.y.right   = el_def("element_line", "axis.line.y"),
  axis.text.x         = el_def("element_text", "axis.text"),
  axis.text.x.top     = el_def("element_text", "axis.text.x"),
  axis.text.x.bottom  = el_def("element_text", "axis.text.x"),
  axis.text.y         = el_def("element_text", "axis.text"),
  axis.text.y.left    = el_def("element_text", "axis.text.y"),
  axis.text.y.right   = el_def("element_text", "axis.text.y"),
  axis.ticks.length   = el_def("unit"),
  axis.ticks.x        = el_def("element_line", "axis.ticks"),
  axis.ticks.x.top    = el_def("element_line", "axis.ticks.x"),
  axis.ticks.x.bottom = el_def("element_line", "axis.ticks.x"),
  axis.ticks.y        = el_def("element_line", "axis.ticks"),
  axis.ticks.y.left   = el_def("element_line", "axis.ticks.y"),
  axis.ticks.y.right  = el_def("element_line", "axis.ticks.y"),
  axis.title.x        = el_def("element_text", "axis.title"),
  axis.title.x.top    = el_def("element_text", "axis.title.x"),
  axis.title.x.bottom = el_def("element_text", "axis.title.x"),
  axis.title.y        = el_def("element_text", "axis.title"),
  axis.title.y.left   = el_def("element_text", "axis.title.y"),
  axis.title.y.right  = el_def("element_text", "axis.title.y"),

  legend.background   = el_def("element_rect", "rect"),
  legend.margin       = el_def("margin"),
  legend.spacing      = el_def("unit"),
  legend.spacing.x     = el_def("unit", "legend.spacing"),
  legend.spacing.y     = el_def("unit", "legend.spacing"),
  legend.key          = el_def("element_rect", "rect"),
  legend.key.height   = el_def("unit", "legend.key.size"),
  legend.key.width    = el_def("unit", "legend.key.size"),
  legend.text         = el_def("element_text", "text"),
  legend.text.align   = el_def("character"),
  legend.title        = el_def("element_text", "title"),
  legend.title.align  = el_def("character"),
  legend.position     = el_def("character"),  # Need to also accept numbers
  legend.direction    = el_def("character"),
  legend.justification = el_def("character"),
  legend.box          = el_def("character"),
  legend.box.just     = el_def("character"),
  legend.box.margin   = el_def("margin"),
  legend.box.background = el_def("element_rect", "rect"),
  legend.box.spacing  = el_def("unit"),

  panel.background    = el_def("element_rect", "rect"),
  panel.border        = el_def("element_rect", "rect"),
  panel.spacing       = el_def("unit"),
  panel.spacing.x     = el_def("unit", "panel.spacing"),
  panel.spacing.y     = el_def("unit", "panel.spacing"),
  panel.grid.major.x  = el_def("element_line", "panel.grid.major"),
  panel.grid.major.y  = el_def("element_line", "panel.grid.major"),
  panel.grid.minor.x  = el_def("element_line", "panel.grid.minor"),
  panel.grid.minor.y  = el_def("element_line", "panel.grid.minor"),
  panel.ontop         = el_def("logical"),

  strip.background    = el_def("element_rect", "rect"),
  strip.background.x  = el_def("element_rect", "strip.background"),
  strip.background.y  = el_def("element_rect", "strip.background"),
  strip.text.x        = el_def("element_text", "strip.text"),
  strip.text.y        = el_def("element_text", "strip.text"),
  strip.placement     = el_def("character"),
  strip.placement.x   = el_def("character", "strip.placement"),
  strip.placement.y   = el_def("character", "strip.placement"),
  strip.switch.pad.grid = el_def("unit"),
  strip.switch.pad.wrap = el_def("unit"),

  plot.background     = el_def("element_rect", "rect"),
  plot.title          = el_def("element_text", "title"),
  plot.subtitle       = el_def("element_text", "title"),
  plot.caption        = el_def("element_text", "title"),
  plot.tag            = el_def("element_text", "title"),
  plot.tag.position   = el_def("character"),  # Need to also accept numbers
  plot.margin         = el_def("margin"),

  aspect.ratio        = el_def("character")
)

ggplot_global$element_tree <- .element_tree

# Check that an element object has the proper class
#
# Given an element object and the name of the element, this function
# checks it against the element inheritance tree to make sure the
# element is of the correct class
#
# It throws error if invalid, and returns invisible() if valid.
#
# @param el an element
# @param elname the name of the element
validate_element <- function(el, elname) {
  eldef <- ggplot_global$element_tree[[elname]]

  if (is.null(eldef)) {
    stop('"', elname, '" is not a valid theme element name.')
  }

  # NULL values for elements are OK
  if (is.null(el)) return()

  if (eldef$class == "character") {
    # Need to be a bit looser here since sometimes it's a string like "top"
    # but sometimes its a vector like c(0,0)
    if (!is.character(el) && !is.numeric(el))
      stop("Element ", elname, " must be a string or numeric vector.")
  } else if (eldef$class == "margin") {
    if (!is.unit(el) && length(el) == 4)
      stop("Element ", elname, " must be a unit vector of length 4.")
  } else if (!inherits(el, eldef$class) && !inherits(el, "element_blank")) {
      stop("Element ", elname, " must be a ", eldef$class, " object.")
  }
  invisible()
}
hadley/ggplot2 documentation built on Oct. 18, 2018, 3:02 p.m.