R/convertChars.R

Defines functions convertChars

Documented in convertChars

#' convertChars
#
#' @description convertChars converts specified single characters within specified ESM variables that contain text.
#
#' @param esDf a data.frame. A single ESM dataset. It must contain the 2 columns that hold the date-time object for when an ESM questionnaire was started and finished, respectively.
#
#' @param charCols a vector of character strings. Each character string specifies a column name in the event sampling (raw) dataset which contains text in which specific characters shall be replaced by other characters, e.g. the dashed letter e by e.
#
#' @param convDf a data.frame. The data frame must contain exactly 2 columns, the first column specifies the characters that shall be replaced, the second column specifies the characters that are going to replace the ones in the first column.
#
#' @param ignoreCase logical. Enter TRUE if capitalization can be ignored in the course of replacement, else enter FALSE.
#
#' @return \code{esDf} Each column which contains text (as specified by the user!) now contains the text with the specific characters being converted (as specified by the user!).
#
#' @examples
#' # o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o
#' # Prerequisites in order to execute convertChars. Start -------------
#' # Use example list delivered with the package
#' RELEVANTVN_ES <- RELEVANTVN_ESext
#' # isCompleteLs is a list of datasets, also delivered with the package
#' esMerged <- esMerge(isCompleteLs, RELEVANTVN_ES)
#' esMerged[,RELEVANTVN_ES[["ES_IMEI"]]] <- as.character(esMerged[,RELEVANTVN_ES[["ES_IMEI"]]])
#' findTextIdx <- findChars(esMerged)
#' # Prerequisites in order to execute convertChars. End ---------------
#' # -------------------------------------------------------
#' # Run function 15 of 28; see esmprep functions' hierarchy.
#' # -------------------------------------------------------
#' # From result of function 'findChars' select the indices of the items
#' # in the ESM dataset that contain text answers of the participants.
#' findTextIdx1 <- findTextIdx[c(1,2,9,10)]
#' # Use findTextIdx1 to generate the 3rd argument of function 'convertChars'.
#' textColumns <- names(findTextIdx1)
#' # Generate data.frame specifying the conversion of single characters.
#' convertCharsDf <- data.frame(c("ä", "ü"), c("ae", "ue"))
#' # Apply function. esMerged is the result of function 'esMerge'.
#' esMerged1 <- convertChars(esMerged, textColumns, convertCharsDf)
#' # # As default upper and lower case are NOT ignored! If you want them
#' # # ignored, additionally pass TRUE to the argument ignoreCase, like this:
#' # convertChars(esMerged, textColumns, convertCharsDf, ignoreCase=TRUE)
#' # o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o=o
#
#' @seealso Exemplary code (fully executable) in the documentation of \code{\link{esmprep}} (function 15 of 28).
#
#' @export
#
convertChars <- function(esDf, charCols, convDf, ignoreCase=FALSE) {

    if(!is.data.frame(esDf) | !is.data.frame(convDf)) {
        stop("Arguments 'esDf' and 'convDf' both must be of class data.frame")
    }

    if(!is.vector(charCols) | !is.character(charCols)) {
        stop("Argument 'charCols' must be a vector, containing column names of items that generated text. The column names must be of class character.")
    }

    if(!is.logical(ignoreCase)) {
        stop("Argument 'ignoreCase' must be boolean (either TRUE or FALSE).")
    }

    if(any(is.na(match(charCols, names(esDf))))) {
        stop(paste0("Column name(s) ", textColsIdx[which(is.na(match(textColsIdx, names(esDf))))], " cannot be found in the event sampling dataset."))
    }

    # Index vector that denotes the columns containing text that shall
    # be scanned for unwarranted characters and be conversed.
    textColsIdx <- match(charCols, names(esDf))

    # Loop no.1 (i) checks one character after the other within confDf
    for(i in 1 : nrow(convDf)) {

        if(ignoreCase) {
            # Loop no.2 (j) checks one text column after the other and converts
            # unwarranted characters by warranted ones.
            for(j in textColsIdx) {
                esDf[,j] <- gsub(convDf[i,1], convDf[i,2], esDf[,j], ignore.case=ignoreCase)
            }
        } else {
            # Loop no.2 (j) checks one text column after the other and converts
            # unwarranted characters by warranted ones.
            for(j in textColsIdx) {
                esDf[,j] <- gsub(convDf[i,1], convDf[i,2], esDf[,j])
            }
        }

    }
    return(esDf)
}
mmiche/esmprep documentation built on July 9, 2018, 11:27 a.m.