R/cloud.R

Defines functions textplot wordlayout comparison.cloud commonality.cloud overlap wordcloud

Documented in commonality.cloud comparison.cloud textplot wordcloud wordlayout

# Author: ianfellows
###############################################################################



wordcloud <- function(words,freq,scale=c(4,.5),min.freq=3,max.words=Inf,random.order=TRUE,random.color=FALSE,
		rot.per=.1,colors="black",ordered.colors=FALSE,use.r.layout=FALSE,fixed.asp=TRUE,...) { 
	if(!fixed.asp && rot.per>0)
		stop("Variable aspect ratio not supported for rotated words. Set rot.per=0.")
	tails <- "g|j|p|q|y"
	last <- 1
	nc<- length(colors)
	if(missing(freq)){
		if(!require("tm"))
			stop("freq must either be non-missing, or the tm package must be available")
		if(is.character(words) || is.factor(words)){
			corpus <- Corpus(VectorSource(words))
			corpus <- tm_map(corpus, removePunctuation)
			corpus <- tm_map(corpus, function(x)removeWords(x,stopwords()))
		}else
			corpus <- words
		tdm <- TermDocumentMatrix(corpus)
		freq <- slam::row_sums(tdm)
		words <- names(freq)
	}
    if (ordered.colors) {
        if (length(colors) != 1 && length(colors) != length(words)) {
            stop(paste("Length of colors does not match length of words",
                       "vector"))
        }
    }
	
	if(min.freq > max(freq))
		min.freq <- 0

	overlap <- function(x1, y1, sw1, sh1) {
		if(!use.r.layout)
			return(.overlap(x1,y1,sw1,sh1,boxes))
		s <- 0
		if (length(boxes) == 0) 
			return(FALSE)
		for (i in c(last,1:length(boxes))) {
			bnds <- boxes[[i]]
			x2 <- bnds[1]
			y2 <- bnds[2]
			sw2 <- bnds[3]
			sh2 <- bnds[4]
			if (x1 < x2) 
				overlap <- x1 + sw1 > x2-s
			else 
				overlap <- x2 + sw2 > x1-s
			
			if (y1 < y2) 
				overlap <- overlap && (y1 + sh1 > y2-s)
			else 
				overlap <- overlap && (y2 + sh2 > y1-s)
			if(overlap){
				last <<- i
				return(TRUE)
			}
		}
		FALSE
	}
	
	ord <- rank(-freq, ties.method = "random")
	words <- words[ord<=max.words]
	freq <- freq[ord<=max.words]
	if (ordered.colors) {
	    colors <- colors[ord<=max.words]
	}
	
	if(random.order)
		ord <- sample.int(length(words))
	else
		ord <- order(freq,decreasing=TRUE)
	words <- words[ord]
	freq <- freq[ord]
	words <- words[freq>=min.freq]
	freq <- freq[freq>=min.freq]
	if (ordered.colors) {
	    colors <- colors[ord][freq>=min.freq]
	}
	
	thetaStep <- .1
	rStep <- .05
	plot.new()
	op <- par("mar")
	par(mar=c(0,0,0,0))
	if(fixed.asp)
		plot.window(c(0,1),c(0,1),asp=1)
	else
		plot.window(c(0,1),c(0,1))
	normedFreq <- freq/max(freq)
	size <- (scale[1]-scale[2])*normedFreq + scale[2]
	boxes <- list()
	
	
	
	for(i in 1:length(words)){
		rotWord <- runif(1)<rot.per
		r <-0
		theta <- runif(1,0,2*pi)
		x1<-.5
		y1<-.5
		wid <- strwidth(words[i],cex=size[i],...)
		ht <- strheight(words[i],cex=size[i],...)
		#mind your ps and qs
		if(grepl(tails,words[i]))
			ht <- ht + ht*.2
		if(rotWord){
			tmp <- ht
			ht <- wid
			wid <- tmp	
		}
		isOverlaped <- TRUE
		while(isOverlaped){
			if(!overlap(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,wid,ht) &&
					x1-.5*wid>0 && y1-.5*ht>0 &&
					x1+.5*wid<1 && y1+.5*ht<1){
        if (!random.color) {
                if (ordered.colors) {
                    cc <- colors[i]
                }
                else {
                    cc <- ceiling(nc*normedFreq[i])
                    cc <- colors[cc]
                }
        } else {
         cc <- colors[sample(1:nc,1)]
        }
				text(x1,y1,words[i],cex=size[i],offset=0,srt=rotWord*90,
						col=cc,...)
				#rect(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,x1+.5*wid,y1+.5*ht)
				boxes[[length(boxes)+1]] <- c(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,wid,ht)
				isOverlaped <- FALSE
			}else{
				if(r>sqrt(.5)){
					warning(paste(words[i],
									"could not be fit on page. It will not be plotted."))
					isOverlaped <- FALSE
				}
				theta <- theta+thetaStep
				r <- r + rStep*thetaStep/(2*pi)
				x1 <- .5+r*cos(theta)
				y1 <- .5+r*sin(theta)
			}
		}
	}
	par(mar=op)
	invisible()
}

#Call down to c++ to find out if any overplotting would occur
.overlap <- function(x11,y11,sw11,sh11,boxes1){
	.Call("is_overlap",x11,y11,sw11,sh11,boxes1)
}


#a word cloud showing the common words among documents
commonality.cloud <- function(term.matrix,comonality.measure=min,max.words=300,...){
	ndoc <- ncol(term.matrix)
	for(i in 1:ndoc){
		term.matrix[,i] <- term.matrix[,i] / sum(term.matrix[,i])
	}
	freq <- apply(term.matrix,1,function(x) comonality.measure(x))
	freq <- freq + min(freq)
	wordcloud(rownames(term.matrix)[freq>0],freq[freq>0],min.freq=0,max.words=max.words,...)
}


#a cloud comparing the frequencies of words across documents
comparison.cloud <- function(term.matrix,scale=c(4,.5),max.words=300,random.order=FALSE,
		rot.per=.1,colors=brewer.pal(ncol(term.matrix),"Dark2"),use.r.layout=FALSE,title.size=3,...) { 
	
	ndoc <- ncol(term.matrix)
	thetaBins <- seq(from=0,to=2*pi,length=ndoc+1)
	for(i in 1:ndoc){
		term.matrix[,i] <- term.matrix[,i] / sum(term.matrix[,i])
	}
	mean.rates <- rowMeans(term.matrix)
	for(i in 1:ndoc){
		term.matrix[,i] <- term.matrix[,i] - mean.rates
	}
	
	group <- apply(term.matrix,1,function(x) which.max(x))
	words <- rownames(term.matrix)
	freq <- apply(term.matrix,1,function(x) max(x))
	
	tails <- "g|j|p|q|y"
	last <- 1
	nc<- length(colors)
	
	overlap <- function(x1, y1, sw1, sh1) {
		if(!use.r.layout)
			return(.overlap(x1,y1,sw1,sh1,boxes))
		s <- 0
		if (length(boxes) == 0) 
			return(FALSE)
		for (i in c(last,1:length(boxes))) {
			bnds <- boxes[[i]]
			x2 <- bnds[1]
			y2 <- bnds[2]
			sw2 <- bnds[3]
			sh2 <- bnds[4]
			if (x1 < x2) 
				overlap <- x1 + sw1 > x2-s
			else 
				overlap <- x2 + sw2 > x1-s
			
			if (y1 < y2) 
				overlap <- overlap && (y1 + sh1 > y2-s)
			else 
				overlap <- overlap && (y2 + sh2 > y1-s)
			if(overlap){
				last <<- i
				return(TRUE)
			}
		}
		FALSE
	}
	
	ord <- rank(-freq, ties.method = "random")
	words <- words[ord<=max.words]
	freq <- freq[ord<=max.words]
	group <- group[ord<=max.words]
	if(random.order){
		ord <- sample.int(length(words))
	}else{
		ord <- order(freq,decreasing=TRUE)
	}
	words <- words[ord]
	freq <- freq[ord]
	group <- group[ord]
	thetaStep <- .05
	rStep <- .05
	plot.new()
	op <- par("mar")
	par(mar=c(0,0,0,0))
	plot.window(c(0,1),c(0,1),asp=1)
	normedFreq <- freq/max(freq)
	size <- (scale[1]-scale[2])*normedFreq + scale[2]
	boxes <- list()
	
	#add titles
	docnames <- colnames(term.matrix)
	for(i in 1:ncol(term.matrix)){
		th <- mean(thetaBins[i:(i+1)])
		word <- docnames[i]
		wid <- strwidth(word,cex=title.size)*1.2
		ht <- strheight(word,cex=title.size)*1.2	
		x1 <- .5+.45*cos(th)
		y1 <- .5+.45*sin(th)
		rect(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,x1+.5*wid,y1+.5*ht,col="grey90", border="transparent")
		text(x1,y1,word,cex=title.size)
		boxes[[length(boxes)+1]] <- c(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,wid,ht)
	}
	
	for(i in 1:length(words)){
		rotWord <- runif(1)<rot.per
		r <-0
		theta <- runif(1,0,2*pi)
		x1<-.5
		y1<-.5
		wid <- strwidth(words[i],cex=size[i],...)
		ht <- strheight(words[i],cex=size[i],...)
		#mind your ps and qs
		if(grepl(tails,words[i]))
			ht <- ht + ht*.2
		if(rotWord){
			tmp <- ht
			ht <- wid
			wid <- tmp	
		}
		isOverlaped <- TRUE
		while(isOverlaped){
			inCorrectRegion <- theta > thetaBins[group[i]] && theta < thetaBins[group[i]+1]
			if(inCorrectRegion && !overlap(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,wid,ht) &&
					x1-.5*wid>0 && y1-.5*ht>0 &&
					x1+.5*wid<1 && y1+.5*ht<1){
				text(x1,y1,words[i],cex=size[i],offset=0,srt=rotWord*90,
						col=colors[group[i]],...)
				#rect(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,x1+.5*wid,y1+.5*ht)
				boxes[[length(boxes)+1]] <- c(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,wid,ht)
				isOverlaped <- FALSE
			}else{
				if(r>sqrt(.5)){
					warning(paste(words[i],
									"could not be fit on page. It will not be plotted."))
					isOverlaped <- FALSE
				}
				theta <- theta+thetaStep
				if(theta>2*pi) theta <- theta - 2*pi
				r <- r + rStep*thetaStep/(2*pi)
				x1 <- .5+r*cos(theta)
				y1 <- .5+r*sin(theta)
			}
		}
	}
	par(mar=op)
	invisible()
}


wordlayout <- function(x, y, words, cex=1, rotate90 = FALSE,
		xlim=c(-Inf,Inf), ylim=c(-Inf,Inf), tstep=.1, rstep=.1, ...){
	tails <- "g|j|p|q|y"
	n <- length(words)
	sdx <- sd(x,na.rm=TRUE)
	sdy <- sd(y,na.rm=TRUE)
	if(sdx==0)
		sdx <- 1
	if(sdy==0)
		sdy <- 1
	if(length(cex)==1)
		cex <- rep(cex,n)
	if(length(rotate90)==1)
		rotate90 <- rep(rotate90,n)	

	
	boxes <- list()
	for(i in 1:length(words)){
		rotWord <- rotate90[i]
		r <-0
		theta <- runif(1,0,2*pi)
		x1 <- xo <- x[i]
		y1 <- yo <- y[i]
		wid <- strwidth(words[i],cex=cex[i],...)
		ht <- strheight(words[i],cex=cex[i],...)
		#mind your ps and qs
		if(grepl(tails,words[i]))
			ht <- ht + ht*.2
		if(rotWord){
			tmp <- ht
			ht <- wid
			wid <- tmp	
		}
		isOverlaped <- TRUE
		while(isOverlaped){
			if(!.overlap(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,wid,ht,boxes) &&
					x1-.5*wid>xlim[1] && y1-.5*ht>ylim[1] &&
					x1+.5*wid<xlim[2] && y1+.5*ht<ylim[2]){
				boxes[[length(boxes)+1]] <- c(x1-.5*wid,y1-.5*ht,wid,ht)
				isOverlaped <- FALSE
			}else{
				theta <- theta+tstep
				r <- r + rstep*tstep/(2*pi)
				x1 <- xo+sdx*r*cos(theta)
				y1 <- yo+sdy*r*sin(theta)
			}
		}
	}
	result <- do.call(rbind,boxes)
	colnames(result) <- c("x","y","width","ht")
	rownames(result) <- words
	result
}

textplot <- function(x, y, words, cex=1, new=TRUE,show.lines=TRUE, ...){
	if(new)
		plot(x,y,type="n",...)
	lay <- wordlayout(x,y,words,cex,...)
	if(show.lines){
		for(i in 1:length(x)){
			xl <- lay[i,1]
			yl <- lay[i,2]
			w <- lay[i,3]
			h <- lay[i,4]
			if(x[i]<xl || x[i]>xl+w ||
					y[i]<yl || y[i]>yl+h){
				points(x[i],y[i],pch=16,col="red",cex=.5)
				nx <- xl+.5*w
				ny <- yl+.5*h
				lines(c(x[i],nx),c(y[i],ny),col="grey")
			}
		}
	}
	text(lay[,1]+.5*lay[,3],lay[,2]+.5*lay[,4],words,cex=cex,...)
}

Try the wordcloud package in your browser

Any scripts or data that you put into this service are public.

wordcloud documentation built on May 31, 2017, 3:19 a.m.