The data used in Chapter 7 for Table 11.

Description

The data used in Chapter 7 for Table 11.

Usage

1
data("chapter_7_table_11")

Format

A data frame with 45 observations on the following 3 variables.

diagnose

the type of individual

task

the task assigned

y

the patient's score on the task

Details

Consider an example of a cognitive neuroscience study of patient groups. Specifically, suppose that a certain theory implies that amnesic patients will have a deficit in explicit memory but not in implicit memory. According to this theory, Huntington patients, on the other hand, will be just the opposite: They will have no deficit in explicit memory, but will have a deficit in implicit memory. Further suppose that a study is designed yielding a 3x3 factorial design to test this theory. The rows of this study will represent three types of individuals: amnesic patients, Huntington patients, and a control group of individuals with no known neurological disorder. Each research participant will be randomly assigned to one of three tasks: (1) artificial grammar task, which consists of classifying letter sequences as either following or not following grammatical rules; (2) classification learning task, which consists of classifying hypothetical patients as either having or not having a certain disease based on symptoms probabilistically related to the disease; and (3) recognition memory task, which consists of recognizing particular stimuli as stimuli that have previously been presented during the task.

Table 7.11 presents this hypothetical data for 15 amnesiacs, 15 Huntington individuals, and 15 controls. The data represents a two way factorial design where diagnosis and task are fully crossed, each with three levels. Of interest for the results displayed in Table 7.12 is whether the interaction contrast specified in Figure 7.3 and 7.4 is statistically significant. Namely the question pertains to whether the relationship of the mean of grammar and classification versus recognition differs for those in the amnesic and Huntington's group. The procedure SPSS syntax procedure MANOVA is very general and can handle many types of analyses. Interaction contrasts are easily performed in this procedure.

Source

Maxwell, S. E., Delaney, H. D., & Kelley, K. (forthcoming). Designing experiments and analyzing data: A model comparison perspective. Taylor & Francis.

References

Maxwell, S. E., Delaney, H. D., & Kelley, K. (forthcoming). Designing experiments and analyzing data: A model comparison perspective. Taylor & Francis.

Examples

1

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