Aho-Corasick is an optimal algorithm for finding many keywords in a text. It can locate all matches in a text in O(N+M) time; i.e., the time needed scales linearly with the number of keywords (N) and the size of the text (M). Compare this to the naive approach which takes O(N*M) time to loop through each pattern and scan for it in the text. This implementation builds the trie (the generic name of the data structure) and runs the search in a single function call. If you want to search multiple texts with the same trie, the function will take a list or vector of texts and return a list of matches to each text. By default, all 128 ASCII characters are allowed in both the keywords and the text. A more efficient trie is possible if the alphabet size can be reduced. For example, DNA sequences use at most 19 distinct characters and usually only 4; protein sequences use at most 26 distinct characters and usually only 20. UTF-8 (Unicode) matching is not currently supported.
|Author||Matt Chambers [aut, cre], Tomas Petricek [aut, cph], Vanderbilt University [cph]|
|Maintainer||Matt Chambers <[email protected]>|
|License||Apache License 2.0|
|Package repository||View on CRAN|
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