HHSCyberSecurityBreaches: Cybersecurity breaches reported to the US Department of...

Description Usage Format Details Source See Also Examples

Description

Since October 2009 organizations in the U.S. that store data on human health are required to report any incident that compromises the confidentiality of 500 or more patients / human subjects (45 C.F.R. 164.408) These reports are publicly available. HHSCyberSecurityBreaches was downloaded from the Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2015-02-26

Usage

1

Format

A dataframe containing 1151 observations of 9 variables:

Name.of.Covered.Entity

A character vector identifying the organization involved in the breach.

State

A factor giving the two-letter abbreviation of the US state or territory where the breach occurred. This has 52 levels for the 50 states plus the District of Columbia (DC) and Puerto Rico (PR).

Covered.Entity.Type

A factor giving the organization type of the covered entity with levels "Business Associate", "Health Plan", "Healthcare Clearing House", and "Healthcare Provider"

Individuals.Affected

An integer giving the number of humans whose records were compromised in the breach. This is 500 or greater; U.S. law requires reports of breaches involving 500 or more records but not of breaches involving fewer.

Breach.Submission.Date

Date when the breach was reported.

Type.of.Breach

A factor giving one of 29 different combinations of 7 different breach types, separated by ", ": "Hacking/IT Incident", "Improper Disposal", "Loss", "Other", "Theft", "Unauthorized Access/Disclosure", and "Unknown"

Location.of.Breached.Information

A factor giving one of 47 different combinations of 8 different location categories: "Desktop Computer", "Electronic Medical Record", "Email", "Laptop", "Network Server", "Other", "Other Portable Electronic Device", "Paper/Films"

Business.Associate.Present

Logical = (Covered.Entity.Type == "Business Associate")

Web.Description

A character vector giving a narrative description of the incident.

Details

This contains the breach report data downloaded 2015-02-26 from the US Health and Human Services. This catalogs reports starting 2009-10-21. Earlier downloads included a few breaches prior to 2009 when the law was enacted (inconsistently reported), and a date for breach occurrence in addition to the date of the report.

The following corrections were made to the file:

Source

"Breaches Affecting 500 or More Individuals" downloaded from the Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2015-02-26

See Also

breaches for an earlier download of these data. The exact reporting requirements and even the number and definitions of variables included in the data.frame have changed.

Examples

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##
## 1.  mean(Individuals.Affected)
##
mean(HHSCyberSecurityBreaches$Individuals.Affected)
##
## 2.  Basic Breach Types
##
tb <- as.character(HHSCyberSecurityBreaches$Type.of.Breach)
tb. <- strsplit(tb, ', ')
table(unlist(tb.))
# 8 levels, but two are the same apart from 
# a trailing blank.  
##
## 3.  Location.of.Breached.Information 
##
lb <- as.character(HHSCyberSecurityBreaches[[
          'Location.of.Breached.Information']])
table(lb)
lb. <- strsplit(lb, ', ')
table(unlist(lb.))
# 8 levels 
table(sapply(lb., length))
#   1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8 
#1007  119   13    8    1    1    1    1 
# all 8 levels together observed once 
# There are 256 = 2^8 possible combinations 
# of which 47 actually occur in these data.  

Example output

Loading required package: Ecfun

Attaching package: 'Ecfun'

The following object is masked from 'package:base':

    sign


Attaching package: 'Ecdat'

The following object is masked from 'package:datasets':

    Orange

[1] 35778.58

            Hacking/IT Incident               Improper Disposal 
                             94                              51 
                           Loss                           Other 
                            111                             111 
                          Theft  Unauthorized Access/Disclosure 
                            633                             240 
Unauthorized Access/Disclosure                          Unknown 
                              1                              16 
lb
                                                                                                                Desktop Computer 
                                                                                                                             108 
                                                                                     Desktop Computer, Electronic Medical Record 
                                                                                                                               2 
             Desktop Computer, Electronic Medical Record, Email, Laptop, Network Server, Other, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               1 
Desktop Computer, Electronic Medical Record, Email, Laptop, Network Server, Other, Other Portable Electronic Device, Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                 Desktop Computer, Electronic Medical Record, Email, Network Server, Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                     Desktop Computer, Electronic Medical Record, Network Server 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                         Desktop Computer, Email 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                 Desktop Computer, Email, Laptop, Network Server 
                                                                                                                               6 
                                        Desktop Computer, Email, Laptop, Network Server, Other, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                        Desktop Computer, Laptop 
                                                                                                                              10 
                                                                                        Desktop Computer, Laptop, Network Server 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                      Desktop Computer, Laptop, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               4 
                                                               Desktop Computer, Laptop, Other, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                Desktop Computer, Network Server 
                                                                                                                               8 
                                                       Desktop Computer, Network Server, Other, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                   Desktop Computer, Network Server, Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                         Desktop Computer, Other 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                              Desktop Computer, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               2 
                                                                       Desktop Computer, Other, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                   Desktop Computer, Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                               5 
                                                                                                       Electronic Medical Record 
                                                                                                                              30 
                                                                                               Electronic Medical Record, Laptop 
                                                                                                                               2 
                                                                                       Electronic Medical Record, Network Server 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                Electronic Medical Record, Other 
                                                                                                                               4 
                                                              Electronic Medical Record, Other, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               2 
                                                                                          Electronic Medical Record, Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                               4 
                                                                                                                           Email 
                                                                                                                              66 
                                                                                                                   Email, Laptop 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                   Email, Laptop, Network Server 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                 Email, Laptop, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                           Email, Network Server 
                                                                                                                               4 
                                                                                                                    Email, Other 
                                                                                                                               2 
                                                                                         Email, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                               2 
                                                                                                                          Laptop 
                                                                                                                             222 
                                                                                                          Laptop, Network Server 
                                                                                                                               2 
                                                                                                                   Laptop, Other 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                        Laptop, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                              11 
                                                                           Laptop, Other Portable Electronic Device, Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                             Laptop, Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                               6 
                                                                                                                  Network Server 
                                                                                                                             127 
                                                                                                           Network Server, Other 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                                                           Other 
                                                                                                                             132 
                                                                                                Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                              68 
                                                                                   Other Portable Electronic Device, Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                               1 
                                                                                         Other, Other Portable Electronic Device 
                                                                                                                              44 
                                                                                                              Other, Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                               4 
                                                                                                                     Paper/Films 
                                                                                                                             254 

                Desktop Computer        Electronic Medical Record 
                             157                               49 
                           Email                           Laptop 
                              88                              273 
                  Network Server                            Other 
                             158                              197 
Other Portable Electronic Device                      Paper/Films 
                             142                              278 

   1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8 
1007  119   13    8    1    1    1    1 

Ecdat documentation built on Nov. 8, 2020, 4:33 p.m.