# MHFA: Matrix Huber Factor Analysis In HDMFA: High-Dimensional Matrix Factor Analysis

 MHFA R Documentation

## Matrix Huber Factor Analysis

### Description

This function is to fit the matrix factor models via the Huber loss. We propose two algorithms to do robust factor analysis. One is based on minimizing the Huber loss of the idiosyncratic error's Frobenius norm, which leads to a weighted iterative projection approach to compute and learn the parameters and thereby named as Robust-Matrix-Factor-Analysis (RMFA). The other one is based on minimizing the element-wise Huber loss, which can be solved by an iterative Huber regression algorithm (IHR).

### Usage

MHFA(X, W1=NULL, W2=NULL, m1, m2, method, max_iter = 100, ep = 1e-04)


### Arguments

 X Input an array with T \times p_1 \times p_2, where T is the sample size, p_1 is the the row dimension of each matrix observation and p_2 is the the column dimension of each matrix observation. W1 Only if method="E", the inital value of row loadings matrix. The default is NULL, which is randomly chosen and all entries from a standard normal distribution. W2 Only if method="E", the inital value of column loadings matrix. The default is NULL, which is randomly chosen and all entries from a standard normal distribution. m1 A positive integer indicating the row factor numbers. m2 A positive integer indicating the column factor numbers. method Character string, specifying the type of the estimation method to be used. "P",indicates minimizing the Huber loss of the idiosyncratic error's Frobenius norm. (RMFA) "E",indicates minimizing the elementwise Huber loss. (IHR) max_iter Only if method="E", the maximum number of iterations in the iterative Huber regression algorithm. The default is 100. ep Only if method="E", the stopping critetion parameter in the iterative Huber regression algorithm. The default is 10^{-4} \times Tp_1 p_2.

### Details

For the matrix factor models, He et al. (2021) propose a weighted iterative projection approach to compute and learn the parameters by minimizing the Huber loss function of the idiosyncratic error's Frobenius norm. In details, for observations \bold{X}_t, t=1,2,\cdots,T, define

\bold{M}_c^w = \frac{1}{Tp_2} \sum_{t=1}^T w_t \bold{X}_t \bold{C} \bold{C}^\top \bold{X}_t^\top, \bold{M}_r^w = \frac{1}{Tp_1} \sum_{t=1}^T w_t \bold{X}_t^\top \bold{R} \bold{R}^\top \bold{X}_t.

The estimators of loading matrics \hat{\bold{R}} and \hat{\bold{C}} are calculated by \sqrt{p_1} times the leading k_1 eigenvectors of \bold{M}_c^w and \sqrt{p_2} times the leading k_2 eigenvectors of \bold{M}_r^w. And

\hat{\bold{F}}_t=\frac{1}{p_1 p_2}\hat{\bold{R}}^\top \bold{X}_t \hat{\bold{C}}.

For details, see He et al. (2023).

The other one is based on minimizing the element-wise Huber loss. Define

M_{i,Tp_2}(\bold{r}, \bold{F}_t, \bold{C})=\frac{1}{Tp_2} \sum_{t=1}^{T} \sum_{j=1}^{p_2} H_\tau \left(x_{t,ij}-\bold{r}_i^\top\bold{F}_t\bold{c}_j \right),

M_{i,Tp_1}(\bold{R}, \bold{F}_t, \bold{c})=\frac{1}{Tp_1}\sum_{t=1}^T\sum_{i=1}^{p_1} H_\tau \left(x_{t,ij}-\bold{r}_i^\top\bold{F}_t\bold{c}_j\right),

M_{t,p_1 p_2}(\bold{R}, \mathrm{vec}(\bold{F}), \bold{C})=\frac{1}{p_1 p_2} \sum_{i=1}^{p_1}\sum_{j=1}^{p_2} H_\tau \left(x_{t,ij}-(\bold{c}_j \otimes \bold{r}_i)^\top \mathrm{vec}(\bold{F})\right).

This can be seen as Huber regression as each time optimizing one argument while keeping the other two fixed.

### Value

The return value is a list. In this list, it contains the following:

 F The estimated factor matrix of dimension T \times m_1\times m_2. R The estimated row loading matrix of dimension p_1\times m_1, satisfying \bold{R}^\top\bold{R}=p_1\bold{I}_{m_1}. C The estimated column loading matrix of dimension p_2\times m_2, satisfying \bold{C}^\top\bold{C}=p_2\bold{I}_{m_2}.

### Author(s)

Yong He, Changwei Zhao, Ran Zhao.

### References

He, Y., Kong, X., Yu, L., Zhang, X., & Zhao, C. (2023). Matrix factor analysis: From least squares to iterative projection. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, 1-26.

He, Y., Kong, X. B., Liu, D., & Zhao, R. (2023). Robust Statistical Inference for Large-dimensional Matrix-valued Time Series via Iterative Huber Regression. <arXiv:2306.03317>.

### Examples

set.seed(11111)
T=20;p1=20;p2=20;k1=3;k2=3
R=matrix(runif(p1*k1,min=-1,max=1),p1,k1)
C=matrix(runif(p2*k2,min=-1,max=1),p2,k2)
X=array(0,c(T,p1,p2))
Y=X;E=Y
F=array(0,c(T,k1,k2))
for(t in 1:T){
F[t,,]=matrix(rnorm(k1*k2),k1,k2)
E[t,,]=matrix(rnorm(p1*p2),p1,p2)
Y[t,,]=R%*%F[t,,]%*%t(C)
}
X=Y+E

#Estimate the factor matrices and loadings by RMFA
fit1=MHFA(X, m1=3, m2=3, method="P")
Rhat1=fit1$R Chat1=fit1$C
Fhat1=fit1$F #Estimate the factor matrices and loadings by IHR fit2=MHFA(X, W1=NULL, W2=NULL, 3, 3, "E") Rhat2=fit2$R
Chat2=fit2$C Fhat2=fit2$F

#Estimate the common component by RMFA
CC1=array(0,c(T,p1,p2))
for (t in 1:T){
CC1[t,,]=Rhat1%*%Fhat1[t,,]%*%t(Chat1)
}
CC1

#Estimate the common component by IHR
CC2=array(0,c(T,p1,p2))
for (t in 1:T){
CC2[t,,]=Rhat2%*%Fhat2[t,,]%*%t(Chat2)
}
CC2


HDMFA documentation built on May 29, 2024, 4:35 a.m.