LocalControlStrategy: Local Control Strategy for Robust Analysis of Cross-Sectional Data

Especially when cross-sectional data are observational, effects of treatment selection bias and confounding are revealed by using the unsupervised, nonparametric preprocessing methods central to Local Control (LC) Strategy. The LC objective is to estimate the "effect-size distribution" that best quantifies a potentially causal relationship between a numeric y-Outcome variable and a t-Treatment variable. This t-variable may be either binary {1 = "new" vs 0 = "control"} or a numeric measure of Exposure level. LC Strategy starts by CLUSTERING experimental units (patients) on baseline x-Covariates, forming mutually exclusive and exhaustive BLOCKS of relatively well-matched units. The implicit statistical model for LC is thus simple one-way ANOVA. The Within-Block measures of effect-size are Local Rank Correlations (LRCs) when Exposure is numeric with more than two levels. Otherwise, Treatment choice is Nested within BLOCKS, and effect-sizes are Local Treatment Differences (LTDs) between within-cluster y-Outcome Means ["new" minus "control"]. An Instrumental Variable (IV) method is also provided so that Local Average y-Outcomes (LAOs) within BLOCKS may also contribute information for effect-size inferences ...assuming that x-Covariates influence only Treatment choice or Exposure level and otherwise have no direct effects on y-Outcome.

Package details

AuthorBob Obenchain
MaintainerBob Obenchain <[email protected]>
LicenseGPL-3
Version1.3.2
URL https://www.R-project.org http://localcontrolstatistics.org
Package repositoryView on CRAN
Installation Install the latest version of this package by entering the following in R:
install.packages("LocalControlStrategy")

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LocalControlStrategy documentation built on Jan. 8, 2019, 1:04 a.m.