NNS.stack: NNS Stack

Description Usage Arguments Value Note Author(s) References Examples

View source: R/Stack.R

Description

Prediction model using the predictions of the NNS base models NNS.reg as features (i.e. meta-features) for the stacked model.

Usage

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NNS.stack(
  IVs.train,
  DV.train,
  IVs.test = NULL,
  type = NULL,
  obj.fn = expression(sum((predicted - actual)^2)),
  objective = "min",
  optimize.threshold = TRUE,
  dist = "L2",
  CV.size = NULL,
  balance = FALSE,
  ts.test = NULL,
  folds = 5,
  order = NULL,
  norm = NULL,
  method = c(1, 2),
  stack = TRUE,
  dim.red.method = "cor",
  status = TRUE,
  ncores = NULL
)

Arguments

IVs.train

a vector, matrix or data frame of variables of numeric or factor data types.

DV.train

a numeric or factor vector with compatible dimensions to (IVs.train).

IVs.test

a vector, matrix or data frame of variables of numeric or factor data types with compatible dimensions to (IVs.train). If NULL, will use (IVs.train) as default.

type

NULL (default). To perform a classification of discrete integer classes from factor target variable (DV.train) with a base category of 1, set to (type = "CLASS"), else for continuous (DV.train) set to (type = NULL). Like a logistic regression, this setting is not necessary for target variable of two classes e.g. [0, 1].

obj.fn

expression; expression(sum((predicted - actual)^2)) (default) Sum of squared errors is the default objective function. Any expression() using the specific terms predicted and actual can be used.

objective

options: ("min", "max") "min" (default) Select whether to minimize or maximize the objective function obj.fn.

optimize.threshold

logical; TRUE (default) Will optimize the probability threshold value for rounding in classification problems. If FALSE, returns 0.5.

dist

options:("L1", "L2", "DTW", "FACTOR") the method of distance calculation; Selects the distance calculation used. dist = "L2" (default) selects the Euclidean distance and (dist = "L1") selects the Manhattan distance; (dist = "DTW") selects the dynamic time warping distance; (dist = "FACTOR") uses a frequency.

CV.size

numeric [0, 1]; NULL (default) Sets the cross-validation size if (IVs.test = NULL). Defaults to 0.25 for a 25 percent random sampling of the training set under (CV.size = NULL).

balance

logical; FALSE (default) Uses both up and down sampling from caret to balance the classes. type="CLASS" required.

ts.test

integer; NULL (default) Sets the length of the test set for time-series data; typically 2*h parameter value from NNS.ARMA or double known periods to forecast.

folds

integer; folds = 5 (default) Select the number of cross-validation folds.

order

options: (integer, "max", NULL); NULL (default) Sets the order for NNS.reg, where (order = "max") is the k-nearest neighbors equivalent, which is suggested for mixed continuous and discrete (unordered, ordered) data.

norm

options: ("std", "NNS", NULL); NULL (default) 3 settings offered: NULL, "std", and "NNS". Selects the norm parameter in NNS.reg.

method

numeric options: (1, 2); Select the NNS method to include in stack. (method = 1) selects NNS.reg; (method = 2) selects NNS.reg dimension reduction regression. Defaults to method = c(1, 2), which will reduce the dimension first, then find the optimal n.best.

stack

logical; TRUE (default) Uses dimension reduction output in n.best optimization, otherwise performs both analyses independently.

dim.red.method

options: ("cor", "NNS.dep", "NNS.caus", "equal", "all") method for determining synthetic X* coefficients. (dim.red.method = "cor") (default) uses standard linear correlation for weights. (dim.red.method = "NNS.dep") uses NNS.dep for nonlinear dependence weights, while (dim.red.method = "NNS.caus") uses NNS.caus for causal weights. (dim.red.method = "all") averages all methods for further feature engineering.

status

logical; TRUE (default) Prints status update message in console.

ncores

integer; value specifying the number of cores to be used in the parallelized subroutine NNS.reg. If NULL (default), the number of cores to be used is equal to the number of cores of the machine - 1.

Value

Returns a vector of fitted values for the dependent variable test set for all models.

Note

If error received:

"Error in is.data.frame(x) : object 'RP' not found"

reduce the CV.size.

Author(s)

Fred Viole, OVVO Financial Systems

References

Viole, F. (2016) "Classification Using NNS Clustering Analysis" https://www.ssrn.com/abstract=2864711

Examples

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 ## Using 'iris' dataset where test set [IVs.test] is 'iris' rows 141:150.
 ## Not run: 
 NNS.stack(iris[1:140, 1:4], iris[1:140, 5], IVs.test = iris[141:150, 1:4], type = "CLASS")

 ## Using 'iris' dataset to determine [n.best] and [threshold] with no test set.
 NNS.stack(iris[ , 1:4], iris[ , 5], type = "CLASS")

 ## Selecting NNS.reg and dimension reduction techniques.
 NNS.stack(iris[1:140, 1:4], iris[1:140, 5], iris[141:150, 1:4], method = c(1, 2), type = "CLASS")
## End(Not run)

NNS documentation built on June 26, 2021, 1:07 a.m.