roc.net: Net Time-Dependent ROC Curves With Right Censored Data.

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References Examples

View source: R/roc.net.R

Description

This function performs the characteristics of a net time-dependent ROC curve (Lorent, 2013) based on k-nearest neighbor's (knn) estimator or only based on the Pohar-Perme estimator (Pohar, 2012).

Usage

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roc.net(times, failures, variable, p.age, p.sex, p.year,
 rate.table, pro.time, cut.off, knn=FALSE,
 prop=NULL)

Arguments

times

A numeric vector with the follow up times.

failures

A numeric vector with the event indicator (0=right censored, 1=event).

variable

A numeric vector with the prognostic variable. This variable is collected at the baseline.

p.age

A numeric vector with the age of the individuals at the baseline (in days).

p.sex

A character vector with the gender the individuals ('male' or 'female').

p.year

A numeric vector with the calendar year at the baseline (number of days from the January 1, 1960).

rate.table

A rate-table object with the expected mortality rates by age, sex, and cohort year. The same units used in p.age, p.sex, p.year

pro.time

The value of prognostic time represents the maximum delay for which the capacity of the variable is evaluated. The same unit than the one used in the argument time.

cut.off

The cut-off values of the variable used to define the possible binary tests.

knn

A logical value indicating whether k-nearest neighbor's estimator should be used.

prop

This is the proportion of the nearest neighbors. The estimation will be based on 2*prop (both right and left proportions) of the total sample size.

Details

This function computes net time-dependent ROC curve with right-censored data using estimator defined by Pohar-Perm et al. (2012) and the k-nearest neighbor's (knn) estimator. The aim is to evaluate the capacity of a variable (measured at the baseline) to predict the excess of mortality of a studied population compared to the general population mortality. Using the knn estimator ensures a monotone and increasing ROC curve, but the computation time may be long. This approach may thus be avoided if the sample size is large because of computing time.

Value

table

This data frame presents the sensitivities and specificities associated with the cut-off values. One can observe NA if the value cannot be computed.

auc

The area under the time-dependent ROC curve for a prognostic up to prognostic time.

missing

Number of deleted observations due to missing data.

warning

This message indicates possible difficulties in the computation of the net ROC curve, for instance if the net survival was not lower or equal1 to 1 for particular cut-off values or times.

Author(s)

Y. Foucher <Yohann.Foucher@univ-nantes.fr>

References

Pohar M., Stare J., Esteve J. (2012) On Estimation in Relative Survival. Biometrics, 68, 113-120. <doi:10.1111/ j.1541-0420.2011.01640.x>

Lorent M., Giral M., Foucher Y. (2013) Net time-dependent ROC curves: a solution for evaluating the accuracy of a marker to predict disease-related mortality. Statistics in Medicine, 33, 2379-89. <doi:10.1002/sim.6079>

Examples

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# import the observed data

data(dataDIVAT3)

# A subgroup analysis to reduce the time needed for this example

dataDIVAT3 <- dataDIVAT3[1:400,]

# import the expected mortality rates

data(fr.ratetable)

# the values of recipient age used for computing the sensibilities and
# specificities (choose more values in practice)

age.cut <- quantile(dataDIVAT3$ageR, probs=seq(0.1, 0.9, by=0.1))

# recoding of the variables for matching with the ratetable

dataDIVAT3$sex <- "male"
dataDIVAT3$sex[dataDIVAT3$sexeR==0] <- "female"
dataDIVAT3$year <- mdy.date(month=01, day=01, year=dataDIVAT3$year.tx,
 nineteen = TRUE, fillday = FALSE, fillmonth = FALSE)
dataDIVAT3$age <- dataDIVAT3$ageR*365

# the ROC curve (without correction by the knn estimator) to 
# reduce the time for computing this example. In practice, the
# correction should by used in case of non-montone results.

roc1 <- roc.net(times=dataDIVAT3$death.time,
 failures=dataDIVAT3$death,  variable=dataDIVAT3$ageR,
 p.age=dataDIVAT3$age, p.sex=dataDIVAT3$sex, p.year=dataDIVAT3$year,
 rate.table=fr.ratetable, pro.time=3000, cut.off=age.cut, knn=FALSE)
 
# the sensibilities and specificities associated with the cut off values

roc1$table

# the traditional ROC graph

plot(roc1, col=2, pch=2, lty=2, type="b", xlab="1-specificity", ylab="sensibility")

legend("bottomright", paste("Without knn, (AUC=",
 round(roc1$auc, 2), ")", sep=""),lty=1, lwd=2, col=2)

RISCA documentation built on Nov. 19, 2020, 1:07 a.m.

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