imp.rfemp: Perform multiple imputation using the empirical error...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References Examples

View source: R/imp.rfemp.R

Description

RfEmp multiple imputation method is for mixed types of variables, and calls corresponding functions based on variable types. Categorical variables should be of type factor or logical, etc.

RfPred.Emp is used for continuous variables, and RfPred.Cate is used for categorical variables.

Usage

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imp.rfemp(
  data,
  num.imp = 5,
  max.iter = 5,
  num.trees = 10,
  alpha.emp = 0,
  sym.dist = TRUE,
  pre.boot = TRUE,
  num.trees.cont = NULL,
  num.trees.cate = NULL,
  num.threads = NULL,
  print.flag = FALSE,
  ...
)

Arguments

data

A data frame or a matrix containing the incomplete data. Missing values should be coded as NAs.

num.imp

Number of multiple imputations. The default is num.imp = 5.

max.iter

Number of iterations. The default is max.iter = 5.

num.trees

Number of trees to build. The default is num.trees = 10.

alpha.emp

The "significance level" for the empirical distribution of out-of-bag prediction errors, can be used for prevention for outliers (helpful for highly skewed variables). For example, set alpha = 0.05 to use 95% confidence level. The default is alpha.emp = 0.0, and the empirical distribution of out-of-bag prediction errors will be kept intact.

sym.dist

If TRUE, the empirical distribution of out-of-bag prediction errors will be assumed to be symmetric; if FALSE, the empirical distribution will be kept intact. The default is sym.dist = TRUE.

pre.boot

If TRUE, bootstrapping prior to imputation will be performed to perform 'proper' multiple imputation, for accommodating sampling variation in estimating population regression parameters (refer to Shah et al. 2014). It should be noted that if TRUE, this option is valid even if the number of trees is set to one.

num.trees.cont

Number of trees to build for continuous variables. The default is num.trees.cont = NULL and the value of num.trees will be used.

num.trees.cate

Number of trees to build for categorical variables, The default is num.trees.cate = NULL and the value of num.trees will be used.

num.threads

Number of threads for parallel computing. The default is num.threads = NULL and all the processors available can be used.

print.flag

If TRUE, details will be sent to console. The default is print.flag = FALSE.

...

Other arguments to pass down.

Details

For continuous variables, mice.impute.rfpred.emp is called, performing imputation based on the empirical distribution of out-of-bag prediction errors of random forests.

For categorical variables, mice.impute.rfpred.cate is called, performing imputation based on predicted probabilities.

Value

An object of S3 class mids.

Author(s)

Shangzhi Hong

References

Hong, Shangzhi, et al. "Multiple imputation using chained random forests." Preprint, submitted April 30, 2020. https://arxiv.org/abs/2004.14823.

Zhang, Haozhe, et al. "Random Forest Prediction Intervals." The American Statistician (2019): 1-20.

Shah, Anoop D., et al. "Comparison of random forest and parametric imputation models for imputing missing data using MICE: a CALIBER study." American journal of epidemiology 179.6 (2014): 764-774.

Malley, James D., et al. "Probability machines." Methods of information in medicine 51.01 (2012): 74-81.

Examples

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# Prepare data: convert categorical variables to factors
nhanes.fix <- nhanes
nhanes.fix[, c("age", "hyp")] <- lapply(nhanes[, c("age", "hyp")], as.factor)
# Perform imputation using imp.rfemp
imp <- imp.rfemp(nhanes.fix)
# Do repeated analyses
anl <- with(imp, lm(chl ~ bmi + hyp))
# Pool the results
pool <- pool(anl)
# Get pooled estimates
reg.ests(pool)

RfEmpImp documentation built on July 2, 2020, 2:13 a.m.