A data set used to investigate the claim that “normal” temperature is 98.6 degrees.
A data frame with 130 observations on the following 3 variables.
normal body temperature
Gender 1 = male, 2 = female
Resting heart rate
Is normal body temperature 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit? This dataset was constructed to match data presented in an are article intending to establish the true value of “normal” body temperature.
This data set was contributed by Allen L. Shoemaker to the Journal of Statistics Education, http://www.amstat.org/publications/jse/datasets/normtemp.txt.
Data set is simulated from values contained in Mackowiak, P. A., Wasserman, S. S., and Levine, M. M. (1992), "A Critical Appraisal of 98.6 Degrees F, the Upper Limit of the Normal Body Temperature, and Other Legacies of Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich," Journal of the American Medical Association, 268, 1578-1580.
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Loading required package: MASS Loading required package: HistData Loading required package: Hmisc Loading required package: lattice Loading required package: survival Loading required package: Formula Loading required package: ggplot2 Attaching package: 'Hmisc' The following objects are masked from 'package:base': format.pval, round.POSIXt, trunc.POSIXt, units Attaching package: 'UsingR' The following object is masked from 'package:survival': cancer One Sample t-test data: normtemp$temperature t = 0.76559, df = 129, p-value = 0.4453 alternative hypothesis: true mean is not equal to 98.2 95 percent confidence interval: 98.12200 98.37646 sample estimates: mean of x 98.24923 Call: lm(formula = temperature ~ factor(gender), data = normtemp) Residuals: Min 1Q Median 3Q Max -1.99385 -0.47154 0.00615 0.40615 2.40615 Coefficients: Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|) (Intercept) 98.10462 0.08949 1096.298 <2e-16 *** factor(gender)2 0.28923 0.12655 2.285 0.0239 * --- Signif. codes: 0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1 Residual standard error: 0.7215 on 128 degrees of freedom Multiple R-squared: 0.03921, Adjusted R-squared: 0.0317 F-statistic: 5.223 on 1 and 128 DF, p-value: 0.02393
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