mlm_summary: Print a summary of the estimated multilevel mediation model

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s)

Description

Prints the estimated parameters (numerical summaries of the marginal posterior distributions).

Usage

1
2
mlm_summary(mod = NULL, level = 0.95, pars = c("a", "b", "cp", "me", "c",
  "pme"), digits = 2)

Arguments

mod

A stanfit object obtained from mlm()

level

"Confidence" level; Defines the limits of the credible intervals. Defaults to .95 (i.e. displays 95% CIs.)

pars

Parameters to summarize. Defaults to main average-level parameters. See Details for more information.

digits

How many decimal points to display in the output. Defaults to 2.

Details

After estimating a model (drawing samples from the joint posterior probability distribution) with mlm(), show the estimated results by using mlm_summary(fit), where fit is an object containing the fitted model.

The function shows, for each parameter specified with pars, the posterior mean, and limits of the Credible Interval as specified by level. For example, level = .91 shows a 91% Credible Interval, which summarizes the central 91% mass of the marginal posterior distribution.

Parameters

By default, mlm() estimates and returns a large number of parameters, including the varying effects, and their associated standard deviations. However, mlm_summay() by default only displays a subset of the estimated parameters:

a

Regression slope of the X -> M relationship.

b

Regression slope of the M -> Y relationship.

cp

Regression slope of the X -> Y relationship. (Direct effect.)

me

Mediated effect (a * b + σ_{{a_j}{b_j}}).

c

Total effect of X on Y. ( cp + me )

pme

Percent mediated effect.

The user may specify pars = NULL to display all estimated parameters. Other options include e.g. pars = "tau" to display the varying effects' standard deviations. To display all the group-level parameters (also known as random effects) only, specify pars = "random". With this argument, mlm_summary() prints the following parameters:

tau_a

Standard deviation of subject-level a_js.

tau_b

Standard deviation of subject-level b_js.

tau_cp

Standard deviation of subject-level c\'_js.

covab

Estimated covariance of a_j and b_js.

corrab

Estimated correlation of a_j and b_js.

To learn more about the additional parameters, refer to the Stan code (cat(get_stancode(fit))).

Value

A data.frame summarizing the estimated multilevel mediation model:

Parameter

Name of parameter

Mean

Mean of parameter's posterior distribution.

Median

Median of parameter's posterior distribution.

SE

Standard deviation of parameter's posterior distribution.

ci_lwr

The lower limit of Credible Intervals.

ci_upr

The upper limit of Credible Intervals.

n_eff

Number of efficient samples.

Rhat

Should be 1.00.

Author(s)

Matti Vuorre mv2521@columbia.edu



Search within the bmlm package
Search all R packages, documentation and source code

Questions? Problems? Suggestions? or email at ian@mutexlabs.com.

Please suggest features or report bugs with the GitHub issue tracker.

All documentation is copyright its authors; we didn't write any of that.