oldPAVA: Returns standard isotonic-regression estimate, with flexible...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also

Description

Nonparametric forward point estimation of a monotone response (y), using the standard isotonic-regression pool-adjacent-violators algorithm (PAVA). Core code from Raubertas (1994) with many modifications.

Usage

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oldPAVA(
  y,
  x = NULL,
  wt = rep(1, length(x)),
  outx = NULL,
  full = FALSE,
  dec = FALSE,
  adaptiveShrink = FALSE,
  ...
)

Arguments

y

can be either of the following: y values (response rates), a 2-column matrix with positive/negative response counts by dose, a DRtrace object or a doseResponse object.

x

dose levels (if not included in y). Note that the PAV algorithm doesn't really use them.

wt

weights (if not included in y).

outx

vector of x values for which predictions will be made. If NULL (default), this will be set to the set of unique values in the x argument (or equivalently in y$x). Non-NULL inputs are relevant only if full=TRUE.

full

logical, is a more complete output desired? if FALSE (default), only a vector of point estimates for y at the provided dose levels is returned

dec

logical, is the true function is assumed to be monotone decreasing? Default FALSE.

adaptiveShrink

logical, should the y-values be pre-shrunk towards an experimental target? May be relevant if data were obtain via an adaptive dose-finding design. See DRshrink.

...

Other arguments passed on to the constructor functions that pre-process the input.

Details

Compute the isotonic regression of a numeric vector 'y', with weights 'wt', with respect to simple order. The core algorithm is still the one coded by R.F. Raubertas, dated 02 Sep 1994. However, the input and output modules have been modified to allow more flexible formats in either direction. note that unlike centered-isotonic-regression (CIR, see cirPAVA), this algorithm does not use the dose (x) values at all. For a discussion why CIR is preferred over "plain-vanilla" PAVA, see Oron and Flournoy (2017).

Value

under default, returns a vector of y estimates at unique x values. With full=TRUE, returns a list of 3 doseResponse objects named output,input,shrinkage for the output data at dose levels, the input data, and the function as fit at algorithm-generated points, respectively. For this function, the first and third objects are identical.

Author(s)

C.R. Raubertas, Assaf P. Oron <assaf.oron.at.gmail.com>

References

Oron, A.P. and Flournoy, N., 2017. Centered Isotonic Regression: Point and Interval Estimation for Dose-Response Studies. Statistics in Biopharmaceutical Research, In Press (author's public version available on arxiv.org).

See Also

cirPAVA


cir documentation built on Aug. 23, 2021, 5:10 p.m.