Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

Implementation of the conditioned Latin hypercube sampling, as published by Minasny and McBratney (2006) and the DLHS variant method (Minasny and McBratney, 2010). These methods propose to stratify sampling in presence of ancillary data. An extension of this method, which propose to associate a cost to each individual and take it into account during the optimisation process, is also proposed (Roudier et al., 2012).

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`x` |
A |

`size` |
A non-negative integer giving the total number of items to select |

`must.include` |
A numeric vector giving the indices of the rows from |

`can.include` |
A numeric vector giving indices of the rows from |

`cost` |
A character giving the name or an integer giving the index of
the attribute in |

`iter` |
A positive number, giving the number of iterations for the Metropolis-Hastings annealing process. Defaults to 10000. |

`use.cpp` |
TRUE or FALSE. If set to TRUE, annealing process uses C++ code. This is ~ 150 times faster than the R version, but is less stable and currently doesn't accept track or obj.limit parameters. Default to TRUE. |

`temp` |
The initial temperature at which the simulated annealing begins. Defaults to 1. |

`tdecrease` |
A number between 0 and 1, giving the rate at which temperature decreases in the simulated annealing process. Defaults to 0.95. |

`weights` |
A list a length 3, giving the relative weights for
continuous data, categorical data, and correlation between variables.
Defaults to |

`eta` |
Either a number equal 1 to perform a classic cLHS or a constrained cLHS or a matrix to perform a cLHS that samples more on the edge of the distibutions (DLHS, see details) |

`obj.limit` |
The minimal value at which the optimisation is stopped.
Defaults to |

`length.cycle` |
The duration (number of iterations) of the isotemperature steps. Defaults to 10. |

`simple` |
TRUE or FALSE. If set to TRUE, only the indices of the
selected samples are returned, as a numeric vector. If set to FALSE, a
cLHS_result object is returned (takes more memory but allows to make use of
cLHS_results methods such as |

`progress` |
TRUE or FALSE, displays a progress bar. |

`track` |
A character giving the name or an integer giving the index
of the attribute in |

`use.coords` |
Logical, if TRUE the spatial coordinates of supported spatial objects (either a 'SpatialPointsDataFrame' object if using 'sp', or a 'sf' object if using 'sf') are included in the Latin hypercube calculations. Defaults to FALSE. |

`...` |
additional parameters passed to |

For the DLHS method, the original paper defines parameter `b`

as the importance
of the edge of the distributions. A matrix `eta`

(size N x K, where N is the size of
the final sample and K the number of continuous variables) is defined, to
compute the objective function of the algorithm, where each column equal the
vector (b, 1, ..., 1, b) in order to give the edge of the distribution a
probability b times higher to be sampled. In our function, instead of define
the `b`

parameter, users can defined their own `eta`

matrix so that they
can give more complex probability design of sampling each strata of the
distribution instead of just be able to give more importance to both edges of
the distribution.

* If the `simple`

option is set to TRUE (default behaviour): A
numeric vector containing the indices of the selected samples is returned

* If the `simple`

option is set to FALSE: An object of class
`cLHS_result`

, with the following elements:

`index_samples` |
a vector giving the indices of the chosen samples. |

`sampled_data` |
the sampled data.frame. |

`obj` |
a vector giving the evolution of the objective function throughout the Metropolis-Hastings iterations. |

`cost` |
a vector giving the evolution of the cost function throughout the Metropolis-Hastings iterations (if available). |

Pierre Roudier

*For the initial cLHS method:

Minasny, B. and McBratney, A.B. 2006. A conditioned Latin hypercube method for sampling in the presence of ancillary information. Computers and Geosciences, 32:1378-1388.

*For the DLHS method:

Minasny, B. and A. B. McBratney, A.B.. 2010. Conditioned Latin Hypercube Sampling for Calibrating Soil Sensor Data to Soil Properties. In: Proximal Soil Sensing, Progress in Soil Science, pages 111-119.

*For the cost-constrained implementation:

Roudier, P., Beaudette, D.E. and Hewitt, A.E. 2012. A conditioned Latin hypercube sampling algorithm incorporating operational constraints. In: Digital Soil Assessments and Beyond. Proceedings of the 5th Global Workshop on Digital Soil Mapping, Sydney, Australia.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 | ```
df <- data.frame(
a = runif(1000),
b = rnorm(1000),
c = sample(LETTERS[1:5], size = 1000, replace = TRUE)
)
# Returning the indices of the sampled points
res <- clhs(df, size = 50, progress = FALSE, simple = TRUE)
str(res)
# Returning a cLHS_result object for plotting using C++
res <- clhs(df, size = 50, use.cpp = TRUE, iter = 5000, progress = FALSE, simple = FALSE)
str(res)
plot(res)
# Method DLHS with a linear increase of the strata weight (i.e. probability to be sampled)
# from 1 for the middle starta to 3 for the edge of the distribution
linear_increase <- 1+(2/24)*0:24
eta <- matrix(c(rev(linear_increase), linear_increase), ncol = 2, nrow = 50)
set.seed(1)
res <- clhs(df, size = 50, iter = 100, eta = eta, progress = FALSE, simple = FALSE)
str(res)
plot(res)
``` |

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