# fwdlm: Forward Search in Linear Regression In forward: Robust Analysis using Forward Search

 fwdlm R Documentation

## Forward Search in Linear Regression

### Description

This function applies the forward search approach to robust analysis in linear regression models.

### Usage

fwdlm(formula, data, nsamp = "best", x = NULL, y = NULL, intercept = TRUE,
na.action, trace = TRUE)


### Arguments

 formula a symbolic description of the model to be fit. The details of the model are the same as for lm. data an optional data frame containing the variables in the model. By default the variables are taken from the environment from which the function is called. nsamp the initial subset for the forward search in linear regression is found by fitting the regression model with the R function lmsreg. This argument allows to control how many subsets are used in the Least Median of Squares regression. The choices are: the number of samples or "best" (the default) or "exact" or "sample". For details see lmsreg. x A matrix of predictors values (if no formula is provided). y A vector of response values (if no formula is provided). intercept Logical for the inclusion of the intercept (if no formula is provided). na.action a function which indicates what should happen when the data contain NA's. The default is set by the na.action setting of options, and is na.fail if that is unset. The default is na.omit. trace logical, if TRUE a message is printed for every ten iterations completed during the forward search.

### Value

The function returns an object of class "fwdlm" with the following components:

 call the matched call. Residuals a (n \times (n-p+1)) matrix of residuals. Unit a matrix of units added (to a maximum of 5 units) at each step. included a list with each element containing a vector of units included at each step of the forward search. Coefficients a ((n-p+1) \times p) matrix of coefficients. tStatistics a ((n-p+1) \times p) matrix of t statistics for the coefficients. CookDist a ((n-p) \times 1) matrix of forward Cook's distances. ModCookDist a ((n-p) \times 5) matrix of forward modified Cook's distances for the units (to a maximum of 5 units) included at each step. Leverage a (n \times (n-p+1)) matrix of leverage values. S2 a ((n-p+1) \times 2) matrix with 1st column containing S^2 and the 2nd column R^2. MaxRes a ((n-p) \times 1) matrix of max studentized residuals. MinDelRes a ((n-p-1) \times 1) matrix of minimum deletion residuals. StartingModel a "lqs" object providing the the Least Median of Squares regression fit used to select the starting subset.

### Author(s)

Originally written for S-Plus by: Kjell Konis kkonis@insightful.com and Marco Riani mriani@unipr.it
Ported to R by Luca Scrucca luca@stat.unipg.it

### References

Atkinson, A.C. and Riani, M. (2000), Robust Diagnostic Regression Analysis, First Edition. New York: Springer, Chapters 2-3.

summary.fwdlm, plot.fwdlm, fwdsco, fwdglm, lmsreg.

### Examples

library(MASS)
data(forbes)
plot(forbes, xlab="Boiling point", ylab="Pressure)")
mod <- fwdlm(100*log10(pres) ~ bp, data=forbes)
summary(mod)
## Not run: plot(mod)
plot(mod, 1)
plot(mod, 6, ylim=c(-3, 1000))


forward documentation built on May 9, 2022, 9:05 a.m.