simulating evolution of discrete or continuous characters on a phylogenetic tree
a phylogenetic tree of class 'phylo'
matrix describing model (either vcv matrix or Q matrix)
number of simulations to run
a model from which to simulate data
starting state (value) at root
This function simulates either discrete or continuous data on a phylogenetic tree. The model variable
determines the type of simulation to be run. There are three options:
discrete, which evolves
characters under a continuous time Markov model, and two continuous models,
BM model is a constant rate Brownian-motion model, while
speciational is a Brownian model on a tree
where all branches have the same length. The
model.matrix parameter gives the structure of the model,
and should be either a transition matrix, Q, for the
discrete model, or a trait variance-covariance
speciational models. For discrete models, multiple characters may be simulated
model.matrix is given as a list of Q matrices (see Examples). For continuous models, multivariate characters can be simulated,
with their evolution goverened by a covariance matrix specified in the
An array of simulated data, either two or three-dimensional, is returned. The first dimension is the number of taxa, the second the number of characters, and the third the number of simulated data sets.
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geo <- get(data(geospiza)) ## Continuous character -- univariate usims <- sim.char(geo$phy, 0.02, 100) ## Use a simulated dataset in fitContinuous() fitC <- fitContinuous(geo$phy, usims[,,1], model="BM", control=list(niter=10), ncores=2) ## Continuous character -- multivariate s <- ratematrix(geo$phy, geo$dat) csims <- sim.char(geo$phy, s, 100) ## Discrete character -- univariate q <- list(rbind(c(-.5, .5), c(.5, -.5))) dsims <- sim.char(geo$phy, q, model="discrete", n=10) ## Use a simulated dataset in fitDiscrete() fitD <- fitDiscrete(geo$phy, dsims[,,1], model="ER", niter=10, ncores=2) ## Discrete character -- multivariate qq <- list(rbind(c(-.5, .5), c(.5, -.5)), rbind(c(-.05, .05), c(.05, -.05))) msims <- sim.char(geo$phy, qq, model="discrete", n=10)
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