# sequent_depth: Solves the Momentum Equation for sequent (or conjugate) depth... In hydraulics: Basic Pipe and Open Channel Hydraulics

 sequent_depth R Documentation

## Solves the Momentum Equation for sequent (or conjugate) depth in a trapezoidal channel

### Description

This function solves the Momentum equation for water flow in an open channel with a trapezoidal shape and determines the sequent (conjugate) depth. This is the flow depth either upstream or downstream of a hydraulic jump, whichever is not provided as input.

### Usage

sequent_depth(
Q = NULL,
b = NULL,
y = NULL,
m = NULL,
units = c("SI", "Eng"),
ret_units = FALSE
)


### Arguments

 Q numeric vector that contains the flow rate [m^3 s^{-1} or ft^3 s^{-1}] b numeric vector that contains the channel bottom width [m or ft] y numeric vector that contains the water depth [m or ft] m numeric vector that contains the side slope of the channel (m:1 H:V) [unitless] units character vector that contains the system of units [options are SI for International System of Units and Eng for English (US customary) units. This is used for compatibility with iemisc package. ret_units If set to TRUE the value(s) returned are of class units with units attached to the value. [Default is FALSE]

### Details

The Momentum equation for open channel flow conditions in a trapezoidal channel:

M = \frac{by^2}{2}+\frac{my^3}{3}+\frac{Q^2}{gy\left(b+my\right)}

where C is 1.0 for SI units and 1.49 for Eng (U.S. Customary) units. The momentum function is assumed to be the same on both sides of a hydraulic jump, allowing the determination of the sequent depth.

### Value

Returns a list including:

• y - input depth

• y_seq - sequent depth

• yc - critical depth

• Fr - Froude number for input depth

• Fr_seq - Froude number for sequent depth

• E - specific energy for input depth

• E_seq - specific energy for sequent depth

Ed Maurer

### Examples


#Solving for sequent depth: SI Units
#Flow of 0.2 m^3/s, bottom width = 0.5 m, Depth = 0.1 m, side slope = 1:1
sequent_depth(Q=0.2,b=0.5,y=0.1,m=1,units = "SI", ret_units = TRUE)



hydraulics documentation built on June 22, 2024, 7:38 p.m.