The `R`

package ipdw
provides the functionality to perform interpolation of georeferenced
point data using inverse path distance weighting. Interpolation is
accomplished in two steps. First, path distances are calculated from
each georeferenced (measurement) point to each prediction point. Path
distances, which honor barriers in the landscape, are calculated based
on cell-to-cell movement through an underlying `Raster`

object that
represents movement cost. These path distances are subsequently used as
interpolation weights. The two-step routine follows the order of
operations described in Suominen et al. (2010) substituting the ESRI
path distance algorithm with the `gdistance`

wrapped version of the
`igraph`

adjacency algorithm.

The ipdw package was developed with coastal marine applications in mind where path distances (as the fish swims) rather than Euclidean (as the crow flies) distances more accurately represent spatial connectivity. Interpolation of sparse grids in coastal areas otherwise end up bleeding through land areas.

```
install.packages("ipdw")
```

```
install.packages("devtools") # package devtools needed
devtools::install_github("jsta/ipdw")
```

**see** vignette

**J. Stachelek and Christopher J. Madden (2015)**. Application of
Inverse Path Distance weighting for high density spatial mapping of
coastal water quality patterns. *International Journal of Geographical
Information Science*
preprint \|
journal

**Tapio Suominen, Harri Tolvanen, and Risto Kalliola (2010)**. Surface
layer salinity gradients and flow patterns in the archipelago coast of
SW Finland, northern Baltic Sea. *Marine Environmental Research*
journal

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