R/kzfs.R

# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#' @title		
#'	Multi-Scale Motion Separation with Kolmogorov-Zurbenko Periodogram Signals
#
#' @description	
#'    Motion image identification in different types of data is very important subject  
#' in many applications. Those images may depend on time and contain different scales. 
#' A simple example is waves in the ocean coming from two different directions. 
#' One wave can be strong long scale, and another is shorter scale wave propagating 
#' in different direction. When both are covered by strong noise, data realization 
#' could be very noisy 3D structure. Similar examples can be presented in engineering,
#' acoustics, astronomy, infection diseases developments and many other fields.
#'
#' 	This package is designed for the separation of motion scales in 2D motion images 
#' on different directions. To this end, KZ periodogram is utilized to identify spatial 
#' directions and frequencies of wave signals, while KZ Fourier transform provides the
#' reconstructed signals based on identified motion parameters. 
#' 
#'     By spectral analysis of original signal in different directions, we can discover 
#' main directions in which different scale waves are propagating. Intuitively, sampling
#' along the orthogonal direction of a wave will annihilate its frequency spike on the
#' corresponding periodogram. Therefore, the presence and absence of single frequency on  
#' the periodograms of different directions can be used to identify the wave direction. 
#' This method can be enriched by finding the common projected spectral spikes detected
#' from a series of periodograms for different sampling directions. Identification  
#' of wave frequencies can be done symmetrically.
#'
#'     For the task of identification, this package provides functions to check averaged 
#' periodogram for data series in a given direction or a group of directions. Averaging of 
#' these directional periodograms will help to stable the variance of spectrum. Functions
#' are provided for automatically identifying and marking prominent spectrum spikes. The 
#' closure of nearest-neighbors is used to detect the clusters formed by real waves on the 
#' frequency-direction plane. The algorithm is designed to resist incorrectly identified 
#' periodogram signals caused by noises, and it gives consistent estimations when the number 
#' of sampling directions increases. The accuracy of the estimations can also be improved 
#' with the increase of the sampling number.
#'
#'     In the stage of signal reconstruction, Fourier transform is utilized as a powerful 
#' tool to recover signals series. {kzfs} package provides function to reconstruct 2D 
#' spatial waves under noisy background. Reconstructed signal can be averaged along the 
#' vertical lines of its propagating direction. This will significantly reduce the noise 
#' effects and improve the accuracy of reconstruction.
#'
#'	{kzfs} also provides functions to improve the estimation accuracy of wave parameters
#' with optimization on KZ directional periodograms and 2D periodograms. The optimized wave
#' parameter estimations will improve the accuracy of reconstruction with Fourier transform.
#' This is especially useful in cases of relative short data series and small window sizes.
# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#' @references
#' \itemize{
#'   \item I. G. Zurbenko, The spectral Analysis of Time Series. North-Holland, 1986.
#'   \item A. G. DiRienzo, I. G. Zurbenko, Semi-adaptive nonparametric spectral estimation, 
#'		Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 8(1): 41-59, 1998.
#'   \item R. Neagu, I. G. Zurbenko, Algorithm for adaptively smoothing the log-periodogram, 
#'		Journal of the Franklin Institute 340: 103-123, 2003.
#'   \item I. G. Zurbenko, M. Luo, Restoration of Time-Spatial Scales in Global Temperature 
#' 		Data, American Journal of Climate Change, 1(3): 154-163, 2012. 
#'   \item I. G. Zurbenko, M. Luo, Surface Humidity Changes in Different Temporal Scales, 
#'		America Journal of Climate Change, 4(3): 226-238, 2015.
#'   \item M. Luo, I. G. Zurbenko, KZ Spatial Waves Separations, Journal of Research in 
#'		Applied Mathematics, 3(4):1-7, 2017.
#'   \item M. Luo, I. G. Zurbenko, Spectral Feature of Sampling Errors for Directional 
#' 		Samples on Gridded Wave Field, International Journal of Engineering Research 
#'          and Technology, 5(12):525-531, 2016.
#' } 
#' @seealso	 \code{\link{kzpdr}}, \code{\link{kzp2}}, \code{\link{kzrc2}}
#' @docType package
#' @name 	kzfs
#'
#' @importFrom   kzft       kzft     kzp 	
#' @importFrom   grDevices  dev.new  gray  rainbow
#' @importFrom   graphics   abline   plot  legend  mtext  persp  par  points  text  box  image
#' @importFrom   methods    hasArg
#' @importFrom   stats      fivenum  median  na.omit  aggregate  quantile  sd  optim  optimize
#' @importFrom   utils      combn
#' @importFrom   digest     digest
#'
NULL
## NULL

# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#'       The Demo Dataset For Examples of \code{kzpdr} and \code{optDR}
#'
#' Datasets containing the spectral spike records of directional periodograms
#' output by function \code{kzpdr} and \code{optDR}, respectively. 
#' They are only used for saving running-time
#' of the examples. The following code is used to generate this dataset:
#' \itemize{
#' \item \code{kzpdr.demo <- kzpdr(a, c(0, pi/4, pi/3, -pi/3, pi/18), plot=TRUE)}
#' \item \code{kzpdr.QF <- optDR(a, kzpdr.demo)}
#' }
#' where \code{a} is the spatial data array for a wave field.
#'
#' @format 
#' A list for a data frame and its MD5sum value.
#' The data frame \code{rec} has 18 rows and a few variables:
#' \describe{
#'   \item{direction}{angle of sampling, in degree}
#'   \item{freq}{frequency values of spikes}
#'   \item{spg}{smoothed power periodogram values of spikes}
#'   \item{...}{...}
#' }
#' @seealso	 \code{kzp2.demo}, \code{kzp2.QF}
#' @rdname	kzpdr.QF
#' @name	kzpdr.QF
"kzpdr.demo"
#' @usage	kzpdr.QF
"kzpdr.QF"



# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#'       The Demo Dataset For Examples of \code{optD2R}
#'
#' Datasets containing the original and optimized 2D periodogram spike records 
#' output by function \code{kzp2} and \code{optD2R},respectively. 
#' They are only used for saving running-time
#' of the examples. The following code is used to generate this dataset:
#' \itemize{
#' \item \code{kzp2.demo <- kzp2(a)$kzp2d}
#' \item \code{kzp2.QF <- optD2R(a, kzp2.summary(kzp2.demo, num=2))}
#' }
#' where \code{a} is the spatial data array for a wave field.
#'
#' @seealso	 \code{kzpdr.demo}, \code{kzpdr.QF}
#' @rdname	kzp2.QF
#' @name	kzp2.QF
"kzp2.demo"
#' @usage	kzp2.QF
"kzp2.QF"

Try the kzfs package in your browser

Any scripts or data that you put into this service are public.

kzfs documentation built on June 8, 2017, 5:05 p.m.