An implementation of the multilevel (also known as mixed or random effects) hidden Markov model using Bayesian estimation in R. The multilevel hidden Markov model (HMM) is a generalization of the well-known hidden Markov model, for the latter see Rabiner (1989) <doi:10.1109/5.18626>. The multilevel HMM is tailored to accommodate (intense) longitudinal data of multiple individuals simultaneously, see e.g., de Haan-Rietdijk et al. <doi:10.1080/00273171.2017.1370364>. Using a multilevel framework, we allow for heterogeneity in the model parameters (transition probability matrix and conditional distribution), while estimating one overall HMM. The model can be fitted on multivariate data with a categorical distribution, and include individual level covariates (allowing for e.g., group comparisons on model parameters). Parameters are estimated using Bayesian estimation utilizing the forward-backward recursion within a hybrid Metropolis within Gibbs sampler. The package also includes various visualization options, a function to simulate data, and a function to obtain the most likely hidden state sequence for each individual using the Viterbi algorithm.
|Author||Emmeke Aarts [aut, cre]|
|Maintainer||Emmeke Aarts <email@example.com>|
|Package repository||View on CRAN|
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