Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References Examples

Generates species response parameters to n environmental variables following Minchin (1987).

1 |

`nspp` |
Number of species to be generated. |

`Amax` |
Maximum abundance of a species. Amax currently allows three options: i) a function how to generate maximum abundances (e.g. runif, rgamma) ii) a vector of length nspp iii) a single number that is used as maximum abundance for all the species. |

`fun` |
Function to generate species optima (e.g. rnorm, runif). The two parameters in xpar are passed to function fun. If omitted species optima are generated at regular intervals between the two values in xpar. |

`xpar` |
Two numbers describing a distribution e.g mu and sigma for a normal distribution, lower and upper bound for a random uniform distribution. |

`srange` |
Length of the ecological gradient to which individual species respond. Either one number or a matrix with nspp rows and ndim columns. If srange should be different for different environmental variables a simpler solution is to change argument elen in |

`alpha` |
Shape parameter of the beta distribution. One number or a matrix with nspp rows and ndim columns. |

`gamma` |
Shape parameter of the beta distribution. One number or a matrix with nspp rows and ndim columns. |

`ndim` |
Number of environmental variables to which generated species should respond. |

`sdistr` |
Users may supply own distributions of species optima. Matrix with nspp rows and ndim columns (as well in the special case of ndim = 1). |

`ocor` |
Correlation matrix of the species optima. May be generated by code cor.mat.fun. |

`odistr` |
Distribution of the correlated optima either 'uniform' or 'Gaussian' |

Details on the exact generation of species response functions from parameters Amax, m, r, gamma and alpha are given in Minchin (1987). Species response curves are determined by five parameters: a parameter determining the maximum abundance (Amax) and one describing the location (m) of this mode. A parameter determining to which environmental range the species respond (srange in the input r in the output) and two parameters (alpha, gamma) describing the shape of the species response function. If alpha = gamma the response curve is symmetric (alpha = gamma = 4, yields Gaussian distributions). Additionally, species optima for several environmental variables may be correlated. Currently this is only possible for gaussian or uniform distributions of species optima. Users may as well supply previously generated optima (e.g. optima similar to a real dataset).

List with ndim elements. Each list contains the species response parameters to one environmental gradient.

Mathias Trachsel and Richard J. Telford

Minchin, P.R. (1987) Multidimensional Community Patterns: Towards a Comprehensive Model. Vegetatio, 71, 145-156.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 | ```
spec.par <- species(nspp =30,, Amax = runif, srange = 200, fun = runif, xpar = c(-50,150),
ndim =5, alpha = 4, gamma = 4)
spec.par <- species(nspp = 30,ndim = 3, Amax = runif, xpar = c(-50,150),
srange = 200, alpha = 4, gamma = 4)
# example where srange, alpha and gamma are different for each species and environmental gradient.
spec.par <- species(nspp = 30,ndim = 3, Amax = runif, xpar = c(-50,150),
srange = matrix(ncol =3, runif(90,100,200)), alpha = matrix(ncol = 3, runif(90,1,5)),
gamma = matrix(ncol = 3, runif(90,1,5)))
# example where species optima are correlated
correlations <- list(c(1,2,0.5),c(1,3,0.3),c(2,3,0.1))
spec.cor.mat <- cor.mat.fun(3,correlations)
spec.par <- species(nspp = 30,ndim = 3, Amax = runif, xpar = c(50,50), srange = 200,
alpha = 4, gamma = 4,ocor = spec.cor.mat, odistr = 'Gaussian')
# example for species response curves (users should alter alpha and gamma)
spec.par <- species(nspp =1, Amax = 200, srange = 200, fun = runif, xpar = c(50,50),
ndim =1, alpha = 3, gamma = 1)
env <- -50:150
response <- palaeoSig:::make.abundances(env = -50:150, param = spec.par[[1]]$spp)
plot(env, response, type='l')
``` |

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