poolWithTransaction: Self-contained database transactions using pool

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Examples

View source: R/DBI-connection-transaction.R

Description

This function allows you to use a pool object directly to execute a transaction on a database connection, without ever having to actually check out a connection from the pool and then return it. Using this function instead of the direct transaction methods will guarantee that you don't leak connections or forget to commit/rollback a transaction.

Usage

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Arguments

pool

The pool object to fetch the connection from.

func

A function that has one argument, conn (a database connection checked out from pool).

Details

This function is similar to DBI::dbWithTransaction(), but its arguments work a little differently. First, it takes in a pool object, instead of a connection. Second, instead of taking an arbitrary chunk of code to execute as a transaction (i.e. either run all the commands successfully or not run any of them), it takes in a function. This function (the func argument) gives you an argument to use in its body, a database connection. So, you can use connection methods without ever having to check out a connection. But you can also use arbitrary R code inside the func's body. This function will be called once we fetch a connection from the pool. Once the function returns, we release the connection back to the pool.

Like its DBI sister DBI::dbWithTransaction(), this function calls dbBegin() before executing the code, and dbCommit() after successful completion, or dbRollback() in case of an error. This means that calling poolWithTransaction always has side effects, namely to commit or roll back the code executed when func is called. In addition, if you modify the local R environment from within func (e.g. setting global variables, writing to disk), these changes will persist after the function has returned.

Also, like DBI::dbWithTransaction(), there is also a special function called dbBreak() that allows for an early, silent exit with rollback. It can be called only from inside poolWithTransaction.

Value

func's return value.

Examples

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if (requireNamespace("RSQLite", quietly = TRUE)) {
  pool <- dbPool(RSQLite::SQLite(), dbname = ":memory:")

  dbWriteTable(pool, "cars", head(cars, 3))
  dbReadTable(pool, "cars")   # there are 3 rows

  ## successful transaction
  poolWithTransaction(pool, function(conn) {
    dbExecute(conn, "INSERT INTO cars (speed, dist) VALUES (1, 1);")
    dbExecute(conn, "INSERT INTO cars (speed, dist) VALUES (2, 2);")
    dbExecute(conn, "INSERT INTO cars (speed, dist) VALUES (3, 3);")
  })
  dbReadTable(pool, "cars")   # there are now 6 rows

  ## failed transaction -- note the missing comma
  tryCatch(
    poolWithTransaction(pool, function(conn) {
      dbExecute(conn, "INSERT INTO cars (speed, dist) VALUES (1, 1);")
      dbExecute(conn, "INSERT INTO cars (speed dist) VALUES (2, 2);")
      dbExecute(conn, "INSERT INTO cars (speed, dist) VALUES (3, 3);")
    }),
    error = identity
  )
  dbReadTable(pool, "cars")   # still 6 rows

  ## early exit, silently
  poolWithTransaction(pool, function(conn) {
    dbExecute(conn, "INSERT INTO cars (speed, dist) VALUES (1, 1);")
    dbExecute(conn, "INSERT INTO cars (speed, dist) VALUES (2, 2);")
    if (nrow(dbReadTable(conn, "cars")) > 7) dbBreak()
    dbExecute(conn, "INSERT INTO cars (speed, dist) VALUES (3, 3);")
  })
  dbReadTable(pool, "cars")   # still 6 rows

  poolClose(pool)

} else {
  message("Please install the 'RSQLite' package to run this example")
}

Example output



pool documentation built on Jan. 15, 2021, 3:31 p.m.