features: Qualitative Features of Time Series

Description Usage Arguments Details Value See Also Examples

Description

A time series is characterised by a sequence of characters, indicating features of the time series itself, of its first or second derivative, steepness or level of values.

Usage

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f.slope(x, y, f = 0.1, scale = c("mean", "range", "IQR", "sd", "none"))
f.curve(x, y, f = 0.1, scale = c("mean", "range", "IQR", "sd", "none"))
f.steep(x, y, f1 = 1, f2 = 0.1)
f.level(y, high = 0.8, low = 0.2)

Arguments

x

vector of time

y

input y values

f

factor defining the limit for constant (f.slope) or linear (f.curve) sequences

f1

factor for the upper bound of steepness

f2

factor for the lower bound of steepness

scale

method for internal scaling, f is multiplied with mean value, range, interquartile range (IQR) or standard deviation of increments (abs(delta y / delta x)).

high

lower limit of high values

low

upper limit of low values

Details

For the first derivative the segment between two values is characterised by increasing ('A'), decreasing ('B') or constant ('C') and for the second by convex ('K'), concave ('I') or linear ('J'). For the property of the first derivative the segment between two values is characterised by very steep ('S'), steep ('T') or not steep ('U') or the values are divided into high ('H'), low ('L') or values in between ('M'). Note that for the last two cases the original values and the not increments are standardised (to [0, 1]).

Value

v

interval sequence

See Also

LCS, qvalLCS

Examples

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data(phyto)
bbobs    <- dpill(obs$t, obs$y)
n        <- tail(obs$t, n = 1) - obs$t[1] + 1
obsdpill <- ksmooth(obs$t, obs$y, kernel = "normal", bandwidth = bbobs,
            n.points = n)
obss     <- data.frame(t = obsdpill$x, y = obsdpill$y)
obss     <- obss[match(sim$t, obss$t), ]
f.slope(obss$t, obss$y)
f.curve(obss$t, obss$y)
f.steep(obss$t, obss$y, f1 = 30, f2 = 10)
f.level(obss$y)

Example output

Loading required package: KernSmooth
KernSmooth 2.23 loaded
Copyright M. P. Wand 1997-2009
  [1] "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C"
 [19] "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A"
 [37] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A"
 [55] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A"
 [73] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A"
 [91] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B"
[109] "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B"
[127] "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B"
[145] "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "C" "C" "C" "C" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A"
[163] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A"
[181] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "A" "A"
[199] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A"
[217] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "C" "C" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B"
[235] "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B"
[253] "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B" "B"
[271] "B" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C"
[289] "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C"
[307] "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A"
[325] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A"
[343] "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "A" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C" "C"
[361] "C" "C" "C" "C" "C"
  [1] "0"  "0J" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JK" "KI" "IJ" "JJ"
 [16] "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
 [31] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
 [46] "KK" "KI" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II"
 [61] "II" "II" "II" "II" "IJ" "JK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
 [76] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KJ" "JI" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II"
 [91] "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II"
[106] "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "IJ" "JK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
[121] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
[136] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
[151] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
[166] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KJ" "JI" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II"
[181] "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "IJ" "JJ" "JK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
[196] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
[211] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KJ" "JI" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II"
[226] "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II"
[241] "II" "II" "II" "II" "IJ" "JK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
[256] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
[271] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KJ" "JK" "KJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ"
[286] "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ"
[301] "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK"
[316] "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KK" "KJ"
[331] "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JI" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II"
[346] "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "II" "IJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ"
[361] "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "JJ" "J0"
  [1] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
 [19] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
 [37] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
 [55] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
 [73] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
 [91] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[109] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[127] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[145] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[163] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[181] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[199] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[217] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[235] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[253] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[271] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[289] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[307] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[325] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[343] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
[361] "U" "U" "U" "U" "U"
  [1] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
 [19] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
 [37] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M"
 [55] "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M"
 [73] "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H"
 [91] "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H" "H"
[109] "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M"
[127] "M" "M" "M" "M" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[145] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[163] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[181] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[199] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[217] "L" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M" "M"
[235] "M" "M" "M" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[253] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[271] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[289] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[307] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[325] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[343] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"
[361] "L" "L" "L" "L" "L"

qualV documentation built on Oct. 7, 2021, 9:13 a.m.

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