R/rdf_add.R

Defines functions rdf_add

Documented in rdf_add

#' Add RDF Triples
#'
#' add a triple (subject, predicate, object) to the RDF graph
#'
#' @param rdf an rdf object
#' @param subject character string containing the subject
#' @param predicate character string containing the predicate
#' @param object character string containing the object
#' @param subjectType the Node type of the subject, i.e. "uri", "blank"
#' @param objectType the Node type of the object, i.e. "literal", "uri", "blank"
#' @param datatype_uri the datatype URI to associate with a object literal value
#'
#' @return Silently returns the updated RDF graph (rdf object).
#' Since the rdf object simply contains external pointers
#' to the model object in C code, note that the input object is modified
#' directly, so you need not assign the output of rdf_add() to anything.
#'
#' @details 
#' 
#'  `rdf_add()` will automatically 'duck type' nodes (if looks like a duck...).
#'  That is, strings that look like URIs will be declared as URIs. (See
#'   [URI](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Identifier)).
#'  Predicate should always be a URI (e.g. URL or  a `prefix:string`),
#'  cannot be blank or literal.  Subjects that look like strings will be 
#'  treated as [Blank Nodes](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blank_node) (i.e.
#'  will be prefixed with `_:`).  An empty subject, `""`, will create a
#'  blank node with random name.  Objects that look like URIs will be
#'  typed as resource nodes, otherwise as literals.  An empty object `""`
#'  will be treated as blank node.  Set `subjectType` or `objectType` 
#'  explicitly to override this behavior, e.g. to treat an object URI
#'  as a literal string.  NAs are also treated as blank nodes in subject
#'  or object  See examples for details.
#' 
#' @references <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Identifier>
#' @importClassesFrom redland Statement
#' @importMethodsFrom redland addStatement freeStatement
#' @export
#'
#' @examples
#' rdf <- rdf()
#' rdf_add(rdf, 
#'     subject="http://www.dajobe.org/",
#'     predicate="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/language",
#'     object="en")
#'     
#' ## non-URI string in subject indicates a blank subject
#' ## (prefixes to "_:b0")
#' rdf_add(rdf, "b0", "http://schema.org/jobTitle", "Professor") 
#' 
#' ## identically a blank subject.  
#' ## Note rdf is unchanged when we add the same triple twice.
#' rdf_add(rdf, "b0", "http://schema.org/jobTitle", "Professor", 
#'         subjectType = "blank") 
#'         
#' ## blank node with empty string creates a default blank node id
#' rdf_add(rdf, "", "http://schema.org/jobTitle", "Professor")   
#'                     
#' 
#' ## Subject and Object both recognized as URI resources:
#' rdf_add(rdf, 
#'         "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1642-628X",
#'         "http://schema.org/homepage", 
#'         "http://carlboettiger.info")  
#'
#'  ## Force object to be literal, not URI resource        
#' rdf_add(rdf, 
#'         "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1642-628X",
#'         "http://schema.org/homepage", 
#'         "http://carlboettiger.info",
#'         objectType = "literal")  
#'         
#'
rdf_add <- function(rdf, subject, predicate, object, 
                    subjectType = as.character(NA), 
                    objectType = as.character(NA), 
                    datatype_uri = as.character(NA)){
  

  ## determine appropriate datatype URI in standard XSD Namespace 
  ## based on the R object class, if no datatype has been provided.
  if(is.na(datatype_uri)){
    datatype_uri <- xs_class(object)
  }
  
  ## predicate as blank node
  if(is.na(subject)){
    subject <- ""
  }
  if(is.na(object)){
    object <- ""
    datatype_uri <- as.character(NA)
  }

  
  stmt <- new("Statement", world = rdf$world, 
              subject, predicate, as.character(object),
              subjectType, objectType, datatype_uri)
  redland::addStatement(rdf$model, stmt)
  
  redland::freeStatement(stmt)
  ## rdf object is a list of pointers, modified in pass-by-reference
  invisible(rdf)
}

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rdflib documentation built on Jan. 10, 2020, 9:07 a.m.