arfimacv: ARFIMAX time series cross validation

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) Examples

View source: R/rugarch-cv.R

Description

Implements a cross validation method for ARFIMAX models

Usage

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arfimacv(data, indexin, indexout, ar.max = 2, ma.max = 2, 
criterion = c("rmse","mae","berkowitzp"),berkowitz.significance = 0.05, 
arfima = FALSE, include.mean = NULL, distribution.model = "norm",
cluster = NULL, external.regressors = NULL, solver = "solnp", 
solver.control=list(), fit.control=list(), return.best=TRUE)

Arguments

data

A univariate xts vector.

indexin

A list of the training set indices

indexout

A list of the testing set indices, the same list length as that of indexin. This should be a numeric index of points immediately after those in the equivalent indexin slot and contiguous (for time series cross validation).

ar.max

Maximum AR order to test for.

ma.max

Maximum MA order to test for.

criterion

The cv criterion on which the forecasts will be tested against the realized values. Currently “rmse”, “mae” and experimentally “berkowitzp” are implemented. The latter is the Berkowitz test p-value (maximized) and should not be used if your indexout set is very small.

berkowitz.significance

The significance level at which the Berkowitz test is evaluated at (this has no value at the moment since we are only looking at the p-values, but may be used in futures to instead aggregate across pass-fail).

arfima

Can be TRUE, FALSE or NULL in which case it is tested.

include.mean

Can be TRUE, FALSE or NULL in which case it is tested.

cluster

A cluster object created by calling makeCluster from the parallel package. If it is not NULL, then this will be used for parallel estimation.

external.regressors

An xts matrix object containing the pre-lagged external regressors to include in the mean equation with the same indices as those of the data supplied.

distribution.model

The distribution density to use for the innovations (defaults to Normal).

solver

One of either “nlminb”, “solnp”, “gosolnp” or “nloptr”.

solver.control

Control arguments list passed to optimizer.

fit.control

Control arguments passed to the fitting routine.

return.best

On completion of the cross-validation, should the best model be re-estimated on the complete dataset and returned (defaults to TRUE).

Details

The function evaluates all possible combinations of the ARFIMAX model for all the training and testing sets supplied. For the ARMA orders, the orders are evaluated fully (e.g. for ar.max=2, all possible combinations are evaluated including AR(0,0), AR(0,1), AR(0,2), AR(1,0), AR(2,0) AR(1,2), AR(2,1), and AR(2,2)). For each training set in indexin, all model combinations are evaluated and the 1-ahead rolling forecast for the indexout testing set is produced and compared to the realized values under the 3 criteria listed. Once all training/testing is done on all model combinations, the criteria are averaged across all the sets for each combination and the results returned.

Value

A list with the following items:

bestmodel

The best model based on the criterion chosen is re-estimated on the complete data set and returned.

cv_matrix

The model combinations and their average criteria statistics across the training/testing sets.

Note

Use a cluster...this is an expensive computation, particularly for large ar.max and ma.max orders. The indexin and indexout lists are left to the user to decide how to implement.

Author(s)

Alexios Ghalanos

Examples

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## Not run: 
require(xts)
require(parallel)
data(sp500ret)
spx = as.xts(sp500ret)
nn = nrow(spx)
nx = nn-round(0.9*nn,0)
if(nx
h = (nx/50)-1
indexin = lapply(1:h, function(j){ tail(seq(1,(nn-nx)+j*50, by=1),250) })
indexout = lapply(indexin, function(x){ (tail(x,1)+1):(tail(x,1)+50) })
cl = makePSOCKcluster(5)
mod = arfimacv(spx, indexin, indexout, ar.max = 2, ma.max = 2, 
criterion = c("rmse","mae","berkowitzp")[1],
berkowitz.significance = 0.05, arfima = FALSE, include.mean = NULL, 
distribution.model = "norm", cluster = cl, external.regressors = NULL, 
solver = "solnp")
stopCluster(cl)

## End(Not run)

rugarch documentation built on Feb. 5, 2018, 1:01 a.m.