eval_design_custom_mc: Monte Carlo power evaluation for experimental designs with...

View source: R/eval_design_custom_mc.R

eval_design_custom_mcR Documentation

Monte Carlo power evaluation for experimental designs with user-supplied libraries

Description

Evaluates the power of an experimental design, given its run matrix and the statistical model to be fit to the data, using monte carlo simulation. Simulated data is fit using a user-supplied fitting library and power is estimated by the fraction of times a parameter is significant. Returns a data frame of parameter powers.

Usage

eval_design_custom_mc(
  design,
  model = NULL,
  alpha = 0.05,
  nsim,
  rfunction,
  fitfunction,
  pvalfunction,
  anticoef,
  effectsize = 2,
  contrasts = contr.sum,
  coef_function = coef,
  calceffect = FALSE,
  parameternames = NULL,
  advancedoptions = NULL,
  parallel = FALSE,
  parallelpackages = NULL,
  ...
)

Arguments

design

The experimental design. Internally, eval_design_custom_mc rescales each numeric column to the range [-1, 1].

model

The model used in evaluating the design. If this is missing and the design was generated with skpr, the generating model will be used. It can be a subset of the model used to generate the design, or include higher order effects not in the original design generation. It cannot include factors that are not present in the experimental design.

alpha

Default '0.05'. The type-I error. p-values less than this will be counted as significant.

nsim

The number of simulations.

rfunction

Random number generator function. Should be a function of the form f(X, b), where X is the model matrix and b are the anticipated coefficients.

fitfunction

Function used to fit the data. Should be of the form f(formula, X, contrasts) where X is the model matrix. If contrasts do not need to be specified for the user supplied library, that argument can be ignored.

pvalfunction

Function that returns a vector of p-values from the object returned from the fitfunction.

anticoef

The anticipated coefficients for calculating the power. If missing, coefficients will be automatically generated based on effectsize.

effectsize

The signal-to-noise ratio. Default 2. For a gaussian model, and for continuous factors, this specifies the difference in response between the highest and lowest levels of a factor (which are +1 and -1 after normalization). More precisely: If you do not specify anticoef, the anticipated coefficients will be half of effectsize. If you do specify anticoef, effectsize will be ignored.

contrasts

Default contr.sum. Function used to generate the contrasts encoding for categorical variables. If the user has specified their own contrasts for a categorical factor using the contrasts function, those will be used. Otherwise, skpr will use contr.sum.

coef_function

Function that, when applied to a fitfunction return object, returns the estimated coefficients.

calceffect

Default 'FALSE'. Calculates effect power for a Type-III Anova (using the car package) using a Wald test. this ratio can be a vector specifying the variance ratio for each subplot. Otherwise, it will use a single value for all strata. To work, the fit returned by 'fitfunction' must have a method compatable with the car package.

parameternames

Vector of parameter names if the coefficients do not correspond simply to the columns in the model matrix (e.g. coefficients from an MLE fit).

advancedoptions

Default 'NULL'. Named list of advanced options. 'advancedoptions$anovatype' specifies the Anova type in the car package (default type 'III'), user can change to type 'II'). 'advancedoptions$anovatest' specifies the test statistic if the user does not want a 'Wald' test–other options are likelyhood-ratio 'LR' and F-test 'F'. 'advancedoptions$progressBarUpdater' is a function called in non-parallel simulations that can be used to update external progress bar.'advancedoptions$GUI' turns off some warning messages when in the GUI. If 'advancedoptions$save_simulated_responses = TRUE', the dataframe will have an attribute 'simulated_responses' that contains the simulated responses from the power evaluation.

parallel

If TRUE, uses all cores available to speed up computation of power. Default FALSE.

parallelpackages

A vector of strings listing the external packages to be input into the parallel package.

...

Additional arguments.

Value

A data frame consisting of the parameters and their powers. The parameter estimates from the simulations are stored in the 'estimates' attribute.

Examples

#To demonstrate how a user can use their own libraries for Monte Carlo power generation,
#We will recreate eval_design_survival_mc using the eval_design_custom_mc framework.

#To begin, first let us generate the same design and random generation function shown in the
#eval_design_survival_mc examples:

basicdesign = expand.grid(a = c(-1, 1))
design = gen_design(candidateset = basicdesign, model = ~a, trials = 100,
                         optimality = "D", repeats = 100)

#Random number generating function

rsurvival = function(X, b) {
 Y = rexp(n = nrow(X), rate = exp(-(X %*% b)))
 censored = Y > 1
 Y[censored] = 1
 return(survival::Surv(time = Y, event = !censored, type = "right"))
}

#We now need to tell the package how we want to fit our data,
#given the formula and the model matrix X (and, if needed, the list of contrasts).
#If the contrasts aren't required, "contrastslist" should be set to NULL.
#This should return some type of fit object.

fitsurv = function(formula, X, contrastslist = NULL) {
 return(survival::survreg(formula, data = X, dist = "exponential"))
}


#We now need to tell the package how to extract the p-values from the fit object returned
#from the fit function. This is how to extract the p-values from the survreg fit object:

pvalsurv = function(fit) {
 return(summary(fit)$table[, 4])
}

#And now we evaluate the design, passing the fitting function and p-value extracting function
#in along with the standard inputs for eval_design_mc.
d = eval_design_custom_mc(design = design, model = ~a,
                         alpha = 0.05, nsim = 100,
                         fitfunction = fitsurv, pvalfunction = pvalsurv,
                         rfunction = rsurvival, effectsize = 1)

#This has the exact same behavior as eval_design_survival_mc for the exponential distribution.

skpr documentation built on April 9, 2022, 1:06 a.m.