Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) References See Also Examples

Fit the model of Chandler et al. (2011) to repeated count data collected using the robust design. This model allows for inference about population size, availability, and detection probability.

1 2 3 |

`lambdaformula` |
Right-hand sided formula describing covariates of abundance. |

`phiformula` |
Right-hand sided formula describing availability covariates |

`pformula` |
Right-hand sided formula for detection probability covariates |

`data` |
An object of class unmarkedFrameGPC |

`mixture` |
Either "P" or "NB" for Poisson and negative binomial distributions |

`K` |
The maximum possible value of M, the super-population size. |

`starts` |
Starting values |

`method` |
Optimization method used by |

`se` |
Logical. Should standard errors be calculated? |

`engine` |
Either "C" or "R" for the C++ or R versions of the likelihood. The C++ code is faster, but harder to debug. |

`threads` |
Set the number of threads to use for optimization in C++, if
OpenMP is available on your system. Increasing the number of threads
may speed up optimization in some cases by running the likelihood
calculation in parallel. If |

`...` |
Additional arguments to |

The latent transect-level super-population abundance distribution
*f(M | theta)* can be set as either a
Poisson or a negative binomial random variable, depending on the
setting of the `mixture`

argument. The expected value of
*M_i* is *lambda_i*. If *M_i ~ NB*,
then an additional parameter, *alpha*, describes
dispersion (lower *alpha* implies higher variance).

The number of individuals available for detection at time j
is a modeled as binomial:
*N(i,j) ~
Binomial(M(i), phi(i,j))*.

The detection process is also modeled as binomial:
*y(i,k,j) ~
Binomial(N(i,t), p(i,k,j))*.

Parameters *lambda*, *phi* and *p* can be
modeled as linear functions of covariates using the log, logit and logit
links respectively.

An object of class unmarkedFitGPC

In the case where availability for detection is due to random temporary emigration, population density at time j, D(i,j), can be estimated by N(i,j)/plotArea.

This model is also applicable to sampling designs in which the local population size is closed during the J repeated counts, and availability is related to factors such as the probability of vocalizing. In this case, density can be estimated by M(i)/plotArea.

If availability is a function of both temporary emigration and other processess such as song rate, then density cannot be directly estimated, but inference about the super-population size, M(i), is possible.

Three types of covariates can be supplied, site-level,
site-by-year-level, and observation-level. These must be formatted
correctly when organizing the data with `unmarkedFrameGPC`

Richard Chandler rbchan@uga.edu

Royle, J. A. 2004. N-Mixture models for estimating population size from
spatially replicated counts. *Biometrics* 60:108–105.

Chandler, R. B., J. A. Royle, and D. I. King. 2011. Inference about density and temporary emigration in unmarked populations. Ecology 92:1429-1435.

`gmultmix`

, `gdistsamp`

,
`unmarkedFrameGPC`

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 | ```
set.seed(54)
nSites <- 20
nVisits <- 4
nReps <- 3
lambda <- 5
phi <- 0.7
p <- 0.5
M <- rpois(nSites, lambda) # super-population size
N <- matrix(NA, nSites, nVisits)
y <- array(NA, c(nSites, nReps, nVisits))
for(i in 1:nVisits) {
N[,i] <- rbinom(nSites, M, phi) # population available during vist j
}
colMeans(N)
for(i in 1:nSites) {
for(j in 1:nVisits) {
y[i,,j] <- rbinom(nReps, N[i,j], p)
}
}
ym <- matrix(y, nSites)
ym[1,] <- NA
ym[2, 1:nReps] <- NA
ym[3, (nReps+1):(nReps+nReps)] <- NA
umf <- unmarkedFrameGPC(y=ym, numPrimary=nVisits)
## Not run:
fmu <- gpcount(~1, ~1, ~1, umf, K=40, control=list(trace=TRUE, REPORT=1))
backTransform(fmu, type="lambda")
backTransform(fmu, type="phi")
backTransform(fmu, type="det")
## End(Not run)
``` |

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