zip: Compress Files into 'zip' Archives

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Examples

View source: R/zip.R

Description

zip() creates a new zip archive file.

Usage

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zip(
  zipfile,
  files,
  recurse = TRUE,
  compression_level = 9,
  include_directories = TRUE,
  root = ".",
  mode = c("mirror", "cherry-pick")
)

zipr(
  zipfile,
  files,
  recurse = TRUE,
  compression_level = 9,
  include_directories = TRUE,
  root = ".",
  mode = c("cherry-pick", "mirror")
)

zip_append(
  zipfile,
  files,
  recurse = TRUE,
  compression_level = 9,
  include_directories = TRUE,
  root = ".",
  mode = c("mirror", "cherry-pick")
)

zipr_append(
  zipfile,
  files,
  recurse = TRUE,
  compression_level = 9,
  include_directories = TRUE,
  root = ".",
  mode = c("cherry-pick", "mirror")
)

Arguments

zipfile

The zip file to create. If the file exists, zip overwrites it, but zip_append appends to it.

files

List of file to add to the archive. See details below about absolute and relative path names.

recurse

Whether to add the contents of directories recursively.

compression_level

A number between 1 and 9. 9 compresses best, but it also takes the longest.

include_directories

Whether to explicitly include directories in the archive. Including directories might confuse MS Office when reading docx files, so set this to FALSE for creating them.

root

Change to this working directory before creating the archive.

mode

Selects how files and directories are stored in the archice. It can be "mirror" or "cherry-pick". See "Relative Paths" below for details.

Details

zip_append() appends compressed files to an existing 'zip' file.

Relative paths

zip() and zip_append() can run in two different modes: mirror mode and cherry picking mode. They handle the specified files differently.

Mirror mode

Mirror mode is for creating the zip archive of a directory structure, exactly as it is on the disk. The current working directory will be the root of the archive, and the paths will be fully kept. zip changes the current directory to root before creating the archive.

(Absolute paths are also kept. Note that this might result non-portable archives: some zip tools do not handle zip archives that contain absolute file names, or file names that start with ../ or ./. zip warns you if this should happen.)

E.g. consider the following directory structure:

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.
|-- foo
|   |-- bar
|   |   |-- file1
|   |   `-- file2
|   `-- bar2
`-- foo2
    `-- file3

Assuming the current working directory is foo, the following zip entries are created by zip:

setwd("foo")
zip::zip("../test.zip", c("bar/file1", "bar2", "../foo2"))
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## Warning in warn_for_dotdot(data$key): Some paths reference parent directory,
## creating non-portable zip file
zip_list("../test.zip")[, "filename", drop = FALSE]
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##        filename
## 1     bar/file1
## 2         bar2/
## 3      ../foo2/
## 4 ../foo2/file3
Cherry picking mode

In cherry picking mode, the selected files and directories will be at the root of the archive. This mode is handy if you want to select a subset of files and directories, possibly from different paths and put all of the in the archive, at the top level.

Here is an example with the same directory structure as above:

zip::zip(
  "../test2.zip",
  c("bar/file1", "bar2", "../foo2"),
  mode = "cherry-pick"
)
zip_list("../test2.zip")[, "filename", drop = FALSE]
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##     filename
## 1      file1
## 2      bar2/
## 3      foo2/
## 4 foo2/file3

Permissions:

zip() (and zip_append(), etc.) add the permissions of the archived files and directories to the ZIP archive, on Unix systems. Most zip and unzip implementations support these, so they will be recovered after extracting the archive.

Note, however that the owner and group (uid and gid) are currently omitted, even on Unix.

zipr() and zipr_append()

These function exist for historical reasons. They are identical to zip() and zipr_append() with a different default for the mode argument.

Value

The name of the created zip file, invisibly.

Examples

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## Some files to zip up. We will run all this in the R sesion's
## temporary directory, to avoid messing up the user's workspace.
dir.create(tmp <- tempfile())
dir.create(file.path(tmp, "mydir"))
cat("first file", file = file.path(tmp, "mydir", "file1"))
cat("second file", file = file.path(tmp, "mydir", "file2"))

zipfile <- tempfile(fileext = ".zip")
zip::zip(zipfile, "mydir", root = tmp)

## List contents
zip_list(zipfile)

## Add another file
cat("third file", file = file.path(tmp, "mydir", "file3"))
zip_append(zipfile, file.path("mydir", "file3"), root = tmp)
zip_list(zipfile)

Example output

sh: 1: cannot create /dev/null: Permission denied

Attaching package:zipThe following objects are masked frompackage:utils:

    unzip, zip

     filename compressed_size uncompressed_size           timestamp permissions
1      mydir/               0                 0 2020-12-16 00:57:40         775
2 mydir/file1              15                10 2020-12-16 00:57:40         664
3 mydir/file2              16                11 2020-12-16 00:57:40         664
     filename compressed_size uncompressed_size           timestamp permissions
1      mydir/               0                 0 2020-12-16 00:57:40         664
2 mydir/file1              15                10 2020-12-16 00:57:40         664
3 mydir/file2              16                11 2020-12-16 00:57:40         664
4 mydir/file3              15                10 2020-12-16 00:57:40         600

zip documentation built on May 31, 2021, 9:09 a.m.

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