predict.lm_robust: Predict method for 'lm_robust' object

Description Usage Arguments Details Examples

View source: R/S3_predict.R

Description

Predict method for lm_robust object

Usage

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## S3 method for class 'lm_robust'
predict(object, newdata, se.fit = FALSE,
  interval = c("none", "confidence", "prediction"), alpha = 0.05,
  na.action = na.pass, pred.var = NULL, weights, ...)

Arguments

object

an object of class 'lm_robust'

newdata

a data frame in which to look for variables with which to predict

se.fit

logical. Whether standard errors are required, default = FALSE

interval

type of interval calculation. Can be abbreviated, default = none

alpha

numeric denoting the test size for confidence intervals

na.action

function determining what should be done with missing values in newdata. The default is to predict NA.

pred.var

the variance(s) for future observations to be assumed for prediction intervals.

weights

variance weights for prediction. This can be a numeric vector or a bare (unquoted) name of the weights variable in the supplied newdata.

...

other arguments, unused

Details

Produces predicted values, obtained by evaluating the regression function in the frame 'newdata“ for fits from lm_robust and lm_lin. If the logical se.fit is TRUE, standard errors of the predictions are calculated. Setting intervals specifies computation of confidence or prediction (tolerance) intervals at the specified level, sometimes referred to as narrow vs. wide intervals.

The equation used for the standard error of a prediction given a row of data x is:

√(x Σ x'),

where Σ is the estimated variance-covariance matrix from lm_robust.

The prediction intervals are for a single observation at each case in 'newdata' with error variance(s) 'pred.var'. The the default is to assume that future observations have the same error variance as those used for fitting, which is gotten from the fit lm_robust object. If weights is supplied, the inverse of this is used as a scale factor. If the fit was weighted, the default is to assume constant prediction variance, with a warning.

Examples

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# Set seed
set.seed(42)

# Simulate data
n <- 10
dat <- data.frame(y = rnorm(n), x = rnorm(n))

# Fit lm
lm_out <- lm_robust(y ~ x, data = dat)
# Get predicted fits
fits <- predict(lm_out, newdata = dat)
# With standard errors and confidence intervals
fits <- predict(lm_out, newdata = dat, se.fit = TRUE, interval = "confidence")

# Use new data as well
new_dat <- data.frame(x = runif(n, 5, 8))
predict(lm_out, newdata = new_dat)

# You can also supply custom variance weights for prediction intervals
new_dat$w <- runif(n)
predict(lm_out, newdata = new_dat, weights = w, interval = "prediction")

DeclareDesign/DDestimate documentation built on June 14, 2018, 7:12 a.m.