Policy: Policy: Superclass

Description Details Usage Methods See Also

Description

Parent or superclass of all {contextual} Policy subclasses.

Details

On every t = {1, ..., T}, a policy receives d dimensional feature vector or d x k dimensional matrix context$X*, the current number of Bandit arms in context$k, and the current number of contextual features in context$d.

To make sure a policy supports both contextual feature vectors and matrices in context$X, it is suggested any contextual policy makes use of contextual's get_arm_context(context, arm) utility function to obtain the current context for a particular arm, and get_full_context(context) where a policy makes direct use of a d x k context matrix.

It has to compute which of the k Bandit arms to pull by taking into account this contextual information plus the policy's current parameter values stored in the named list theta. On selecting an arm, the policy then returns its index as action$choice.

contextual diagram: get context

On pulling a Bandit arm the policy receives a Bandit reward through reward$reward. In combination with the current context$X* and action$choice, this reward can then be used to update to the policy's parameters as stored in list theta.

contextual diagram: get context

* Note: in context-free scenario's, context$X can be omitted.

Usage

1

Methods

new()

Generates and initializes a new Policy object.

get_action(t, context)

arguments:

  • t: integer, time step t.

  • context: list, containing the current context$X (d x k context matrix), context$k (number of arms) and context$d (number of context features)

computes which arm to play based on the current values in named list theta and the current context. Returns a named list containing action$choice, which holds the index of the arm to play.

set_reward(t, context, action, reward)

arguments:

  • t: integer, time step t.

  • context: list, containing the current context$X (d x k context matrix), context$k (number of arms) and context$d (number of context features) (as set by bandit).

  • action: list, containing action$choice (as set by policy).

  • reward: list, containing reward$reward and, if available, reward$optimal (as set by bandit).

utilizes the above arguments to update and return the set of parameters in list theta.

post_initialization()

Post-initialization happens after cloning the Policy instance number_of_simulations times. Do sim level random generation here.

set_parameters()

Helper function, called during a Policy's initialisation, assigns the values it finds in list self$theta_to_arms to each of the Policy's k arms. The parameters defined here can then be accessed by arm index in the following way: theta[[index_of_arm]]$parameter_name.

See Also

Core contextual classes: Bandit, Policy, Simulator, Agent, History, Plot

Bandit subclass examples: BasicBernoulliBandit, ContextualLogitBandit, OfflineReplayEvaluatorBandit

Policy subclass examples: EpsilonGreedyPolicy, ContextualLinTSPolicy


Nth-iteration-labs/contextual documentation built on March 10, 2020, 6:50 a.m.