A dataset containing items from the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; an empathy measure). There are 28 variables and 1973 observations
A data frame with 28 variables and 1973 observations (5 point Likert scale)
1 I daydream and fantasize, with some regularity, about things that might happen to me.
2 I often have tender, concerned feelings for people less fortunate than me.
3 I sometimes find it difficult to see things from the "other guy's" point of view.
4 Sometimes I don't feel very sorry for other people when they are having problems.
5 I really get involved with the feelings of the characters in a novel.
6 In emergency situations, I feel apprehensive and ill-at-ease.
7 I am usually objective when I watch a movie or play, and I don't often get completely caught up in it.
8 I try to look at everybody's side of a disagreement before I make a decision.
9 When I see someone being taken advantage of, I feel kind of protective towards them.
10 I sometimes feel helpless when I am in the middle of a very emotional situation.
11 I sometimes try to understand my friends better
by imagining how things look from their perspective
12 Becoming extremely involved in a good book or movie is somewhat rare for me.
13 When I see someone get hurt, I tend to remain calm.
14 Other people's misfortunes do not usually disturb me a great deal.
15 If I'm sure I'm right about something, I don't waste much
time listening to other people's arguments.
16 After seeing a play or movie, I have felt as though I were one of the characters.
17 Being in a tense emotional situation scares me.
18 When I see someone being treated unfairly,
I sometimes don't feel very much pity for them.
19 I am usually pretty effective in dealing with emergencies.
20 I am often quite touched by things that I see happen.
21 I believe that there are two sides to every question and try to look at them both.
22 I would describe myself as a pretty soft-hearted person.
23 When I watch a good movie, I can very easily put myself in
the place of a leading character
24 I tend to lose control during emergencies.
25 When I'm upset at someone, I usually try to "put myself in his shoes" for a while.
26 When I am reading an interesting story or novel, I imagine how I would feel if the
events in the story were happening to me.
27 When I see someone who badly needs help in an emergency, I go to pieces.
28 Before criticizing somebody, I try to imagine how I would feel if I were in their place.
gender "M" (male) or "F" (female)
There are four domains
Fantasy: items 1, 5, 7, 12, 16, 23, 26
Perspective taking: items 3, 8, 11, 15, 21, 25, 28
Empathic concern: items 2, 4, 9, 14, 18, 20, 22
Personal distress: items 6, 10, 13, 17, 19, 24, 27,
Briganti, G., Kempenaers, C., Braun, S., Fried, E. I., & Linkowski, P. (2018). Network analysis of empathy items from the interpersonal reactivity index in 1973 young adults. Psychiatry research, 265, 87-92.
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