The l2boost package implements a generic boosting method [Friedman (2001)] for linear regression settings using an
l2-loss function. The basis functions are simply the column vectors of the design matrix.
scales the design matrix such that the boosting coefficients correspond to the gradient direction for each
covariate. Friedman's gradient descent boosting algorithm proceeds at each step along the covariate direction closest
(in L2 distance) to the maximal gradient descent direction.
l2boost function uses an arbitrary L1-regularization parameter (nu), and includes the elementary
data augmentation of Ehrlinger and Ishwaran (2012), to add an L2-penalization (lambda) similar to the elastic net
[Zou and Hastie (2005)]. The L2-regularization reverses repressibility, a condition where one variable acts as
a boosting surrogate for other, possibly informative, variables. Along with the decorrelation
effect, this elasticBoost regularization circumvents L2Boost deficiencies in correlated settings.
We include a series of S3 functions for working with
print.l2boost) prints a summary of the l2boost model fit.
coef.l2boost) returns the model regression coefficients at any point along the solution path indexed by step m.
fitted.l2boost) returns the fitted response values from the training set at any point along the solution path.
residuals.l2boost) returns the training set residuals at any point along the solution path.
plot.l2boost) for graphing either beta coefficients or gradient-correlation as a function of boosting steps.
predict.l2boost) for boosting prediction on possibly new observations at any point along the solution path.
A cross-validation method (
cv.l2boost) is also included for L2boost and elasticBoost
cross-validating regularization parameter optimizations.
We have repackaged the
diabetes data set from Efron et. al. (2004) for demonstration purposes.
We also include data simulation functions for reproducing the elastic net
elasticNetSim) of Zou and Hastie (2005) and the example multivariate normal simulations
mvnorm.l2boost) of Ehrlinger and Ishwaran (2012).
Friedman J. (2001) Greedy function approximation: A gradient boosting machine. Ann. Statist., 29:1189-1232
Ehrlinger J., and Ishwaran H. (2012). "Characterizing l2boosting" Ann. Statist., 40 (2), 1074-1101
Zou H. and Hastie T (2005) "Regularization and variable selection via the elastic net" J. R. Statist. Soc. B, 67, Part 2, pp. 301-320
Efron B., Hastie T., Johnstone I., and Tibshirani R. (2004). "Least Angle Regression" Ann. Statist. 32:407-499
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