box.heresy: Display a sort of box plot

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) See Also Examples

View source: R/box.heresy.R

Description

box.heresy displays a box plot in which a symbol represents a measure of central tendency, a surrounding box that represents an "inner" measure of dispersion (e.g. standard error) and whiskers represent an "outer" measure of dispersion (e.g. standard deviation). The function is pretty basic at this time and will probably change a bit.

The argument "intervals" is particularly important, and can wreak havoc on the resulting plot. The default of FALSE means that the values passed to the inner and outer measures of dispersion are absolute, not intervals away from the measure of central tendency. Mixing absolute and relative values will always lead to errors and typically a very strange looking plot. It is probably easiest to calculate the absolute values before calling box.heresy. The first and second examples show how intervals=FALSE and intervals=TRUE can be used.

One of the first changes is to allow varying box widths. The user can specify the box widths as a vector of numeric values at least as long as the number of boxes to be displayed. The usual reason for doing this is to display widths that are proportional to the number of observations. A useful start is to pass boxwidth as the number of observations and let the function work it out.

Usage

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 box.heresy(x,y,uinner,linner,ulim,llim,boxwidth=NULL,
  intervals=FALSE,arrow.cap=NULL,pch=22,main="",xlab="",ylab="",
  xaxlab=NULL,col="white",do.first=NULL,...)

Arguments

x,y

Vectors of numeric values representing measures of central tendency.

uinner,linner

Vectors of numeric values representing "inner" measures of dispersion.

ulim,llim

Vectors of numeric values representing "outer" measures of dispersion.

boxwidth

Optional widths for the boxes.

intervals

Whether the values for dispersion are intervals (TRUE) or absolute limits (FALSE).

arrow.cap

The width of the cap on the "whiskers" relative to the width of the plot. Defaults to the same width as the outer box.

pch

The symbol to be used to represent the measure(s) of central tendency in the box.

main

The title for the plot (i.e. main).

xlab,ylab

The x and y axis labels.

xaxlab

Optional labels for the boxes.

col

The fill colors for the "inner" rectangles.

do.first

An expression that will be evaluated before anything is displayed.

...

additional arguments passed to the dispersion function.

Value

nil

Author(s)

Jim Lemon - thanks to Gianni Lavaredo for the suggestion

See Also

plot, boxplot

Examples

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 y1<-runif(20,2,10)
 y2<-rnorm(30,6,2)
 y3<-sample(0:20,40,TRUE)
 Ns<-c(20,30,40)
 ymean<-c(mean(y1),mean(y2),mean(y3))
 y1inner<-quantile(y1,probs=c(.16,.84))
 y2inner<-c(ymean[2]+sd(y2),ymean[2]-sd(y2))
 y3inner<-quantile(y3,probs=c(.16,.84))
 uinner<-c(y1inner[1],y2inner[1],y3inner[1])
 linner<-c(y1inner[2],y2inner[2],y3inner[2])
 ulim<-c(max(y1),max(y2),max(y3))
 llim<-c(min(y1),min(y2),min(y3))
 box.heresy(ymean,uinner=uinner,linner=linner,ulim=ulim,llim=llim,boxwidth=Ns,
  main="Boxplot of means, central spread and range",xlab="Distribution",
  xaxlab=c("Uniform","Normal","Sample"))
 y1outer<-
 y<-runif(5)
 ulim<-runif(5)
 llim<-runif(5)
 uinner<-ulim/2
 linner<-llim/2
 box.heresy(y,uinner=uinner,linner=linner,ulim=ulim,llim=llim,
  intervals=TRUE,main="The heretical boxplot",
  xlab="Number of observations",ylab="Value")

plotrix/plotrix documentation built on Jan. 23, 2020, 1:38 p.m.