lsm_l_contig_sd: CONTIG_SD (landscape level)

Description Usage Arguments Details Value References See Also Examples

Description

Standard deviation of Contiguity index (Shape metric)

Usage

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lsm_l_contig_sd(landscape, directions)

## S3 method for class 'RasterLayer'
lsm_l_contig_sd(landscape, directions = 8)

## S3 method for class 'RasterStack'
lsm_l_contig_sd(landscape, directions = 8)

## S3 method for class 'RasterBrick'
lsm_l_contig_sd(landscape, directions = 8)

## S3 method for class 'stars'
lsm_l_contig_sd(landscape, directions = 8)

## S3 method for class 'list'
lsm_l_contig_sd(landscape, directions = 8)

Arguments

landscape

Raster* Layer, Stack, Brick or a list of rasterLayers.

directions

The number of directions in which patches should be connected: 4 (rook's case) or 8 (queen's case).

Details

CONTIG_{SD} = sd(CONTIG[patch_{ij}])

where CONTIG[patch_{ij}] is the contiguity of each patch.

CONTIG_SD is a 'Shape metric'. It summarises the landscape as the standard deviation of all patches in the landscape. CONTIG_SD asses the spatial connectedness (contiguity) of cells in patches. The metric coerces patch values to a value of 1 and the background to NA. A nine cell focal filter matrix:

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filter_matrix <- matrix(c(1, 2, 1,
                          2, 1, 2,
                          1, 2, 1), 3, 3, byrow = T)

... is then used to weight orthogonally contiguous pixels more heavily than diagonally contiguous pixels. Therefore, larger and more connections between patch cells in the rookie case result in larger contiguity index values.

Units

None

Range

CONTIG_SD >= 0

Behaviour

CONTIG_SD = 0 if the contiguity index is identical for all patches. Increases, without limit, as the variation of CONTIG increases.

Value

tibble

References

McGarigal, K., SA Cushman, and E Ene. 2012. FRAGSTATS v4: Spatial Pattern Analysis Program for Categorical and Continuous Maps. Computer software program produced by the authors at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Available at the following web site: http://www.umass.edu/landeco/research/fragstats/fragstats.html

LaGro, J. 1991. Assessing patch shape in landscape mosaics. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 57(3), 285-293

See Also

lsm_p_contig, lsm_c_contig_sd, lsm_c_contig_cv, lsm_c_contig_mn,
lsm_l_contig_cv, lsm_l_contig_mn

Examples

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r-spatialecology/landscapemetrics documentation built on May 20, 2019, noon