lsm_p_enn: ENN (patch level)

Description Usage Arguments Details Value References See Also Examples

View source: R/lsm_p_enn.R

Description

Euclidean Nearest-Neighbor Distance (Aggregation metric)

Usage

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lsm_p_enn(landscape, directions, verbose)

## S3 method for class 'RasterLayer'
lsm_p_enn(landscape, directions = 8,
  verbose = TRUE)

## S3 method for class 'RasterStack'
lsm_p_enn(landscape, directions = 8,
  verbose = TRUE)

## S3 method for class 'RasterBrick'
lsm_p_enn(landscape, directions = 8,
  verbose = TRUE)

## S3 method for class 'stars'
lsm_p_enn(landscape, directions = 8, verbose = TRUE)

## S3 method for class 'list'
lsm_p_enn(landscape, directions = 8, verbose = TRUE)

Arguments

landscape

Raster* Layer, Stack, Brick or a list of rasterLayers.

directions

The number of directions in which patches should be connected: 4 (rook's case) or 8 (queen's case).

verbose

Print warning message if not sufficient patches are present

Details

ENN = h_{ij}

where h_{ij} is the distance to the nearest neighbouring patch of the same class i in meters

ENN is an 'Aggregation metric'. The distance to the nearest neighbouring patch of the same class i. The distance is measured from edge-to-edge. The range is limited by the cell resolution on the lower limit and the landscape extent on the upper limit. The metric is a simple way to describe patch isolation.

Units

Meters

Range

ENN > 0

Behaviour

Approaches ENN = 0 as the distance to the nearest neighbour decreases, i.e. patches of the same class i are more aggregated. Increases, without limit, as the distance between neighbouring patches of the same class i increases, i.e. patches are more isolated.

Value

tibble

References

McGarigal, K., SA Cushman, and E Ene. 2012. FRAGSTATS v4: Spatial Pattern Analysis Program for Categorical and Continuous Maps. Computer software program produced by the authors at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Available at the following web site: http://www.umass.edu/landeco/research/fragstats/fragstats.html

McGarigal, K., and McComb, W. C. (1995). Relationships between landscape structure and breeding birds in the Oregon Coast Range. Ecological monographs, 65(3), 235-260.

See Also

lsm_c_enn_mn, lsm_c_enn_sd, lsm_c_enn_cv,
lsm_l_enn_mn, lsm_l_enn_sd, lsm_l_enn_cv

Examples

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r-spatialecology/landscapemetrics documentation built on April 30, 2019, 6:01 a.m.