# nonest.basis: Estimability Tools In rvlenth/estimability: Tools for Assessing Estimability of Linear Predictions

## Description

This documents the functions needed to test estimability of linear functions of regression coefficients.

## Usage

 ``` 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11``` ```nonest.basis(x, ...) ## S3 method for class 'qr' nonest.basis(x, ...) ## S3 method for class 'matrix' nonest.basis(x, ...) ## S3 method for class 'lm' nonest.basis(x, ...) all.estble is.estble(x, nbasis, tol = 1e-8) ```

## Arguments

 `x` For `nonest.basis`, an object of a class in methods("nonest.basis"). Or, in `is.estble`, a numeric vector or matrix for assessing estimability of sum(x * beta), where `beta` is the vector of regression coefficients. `nbasis` Matrix whose columns span the null space of the model matrix. Such a matrix is returned by `nonest.basis`. `tol` Numeric tolerance for assessing nonestimability. For nonzero x, estimability of β'x is assessed by whether or not ||N'x||^2 < τ ||x'x||^2, where N and τ denote `nbasis` and `tol`, respectively. `...` Additional arguments, currently ignored.

## Details

Consider a linear model y = Xβ + E. If X is not of full rank, it is not possible to estimate β uniquely. However, is uniquely estimable, and so is a'Xβ for any conformable vector a. Since a'X comprises a linear combination of the rows of X, it follows that we can estimate any linear function where the coefficients lie in the row space of X. Equivalently, we can check to ensure that the coefficients are orthogonal to the null space of X.

The constant `all.estble` is simply a 1 x 1 matrix of `NA`. This specifies a trivial non-estimability basis, and using it as `nbasis` will cause everything to test as estimable.

## Value

When X is not full-rank, the methods for `nonest.basis` return a basis for the null space of X. The number of rows is equal to the number of regression coefficients (including any `NA`s); and the number of columns is equal to the rank deficiency of the model matrix. The columns are orthonormal. If the model is full-rank, then `nonest.basis` returns `all.estble`. The `matrix` method uses X itself, the `qr` method uses the QR decomposition of X, and the `lm` method recovers the required information from the object.

The function `is.estble` returns a logical value (or vector, if `x` is a matrix) that is `TRUE` if the function is estimable and `FALSE` if not.

## Author(s)

Russell V. Lenth <[email protected]>

## References

Monahan, John F. (2008) A Primer on Linear Models, CRC Press. (Chapter 3)

## Examples

 ``` 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18``` ```require(estimability) X <- cbind(rep(1,5), 1:5, 5:1, 2:6) ( nb <- nonest.basis(X) ) # Test estimability of some linear functions for this X matrix lfs <- rbind(c(1,4,2,5), c(2,3,9,5), c(1,2,2,1), c(0,1,-1,1)) is.estble(lfs, nb) # Illustration on 'lm' objects: warp.lm1 <- lm(breaks ~ wool * tension, data = warpbreaks, subset = -(26:38), contrasts = list(wool = "contr.treatment", tension = "contr.treatment")) zapsmall(nonest.basis(warp.lm1)) warp.lm2 <- update(warp.lm1, contrasts = list(wool = "contr.sum", tension = "contr.helmert")) zapsmall(nonest.basis(warp.lm2)) ```

rvlenth/estimability documentation built on Feb. 15, 2018, 10:12 p.m.